Cigarette Butt Litter Links and Sources
Information on the Clean Virginia Waterways' cigarette litter site has been compiled from many sources, including:
The Ocean Conservancy
World Health Organization
U.S. Department of Agriculture
US Department of Health and Human Services
US Centers for Disease Control
Other cigarette litter sites of interest:
A not-for-profit organization dedicated to significantly reducing the amount of cigarette litter through educational campaigns. This web site is designed to get the facts out about cigarette litter to both smokers and nonsmokers. Once people know the truth, they will be much more hesitant to unthinkingly flick their cigarette butts on the ground.
An interesting article
"The Price of Cigarettes" can be found in the journal "Environmental
Health Perspectives" Volume 107, Number 12, December 1999 http://ehpnet1.niehs.nih.gov/docs/1999/107-12/forum.html#cig
Keep America Beautiful has a new program devoted to reducing cigarette litter. Keep America has conducted several pilot studies in communities across the nation to determine the best practices for reducing smoking-related litter. Read about their program and how your community can help fight this form of litter.
Philip Morris, USA states on its website that it "believes we have a role to play in the reduction of cigarette litter" and that they "believe that encouraging the proper disposal of cigarette litter must include raising awareness about the problem and proper disposal practices and encouraging local governments, property owners and facility managers to install ash receptacles." Visit the Philip Morris USA website for more information on what they are doing to reduce this form of litter.
The US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has an interesting web site "Tobacco Information and Prevention Source." It includes links to health-related sites. http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/
The U.S. Department of Agriculture
(USDA) keeps track
of cigarette production, consumption and other
data on tobacco
http://www.tobacco.org/ has information on fires caused by cigarette litter, tobacco use issues and more.
The Swiss Tray company web site has articles about cigarette butts and the damage they cause
Fairfax County in Virginiacigarette litter page
Pica is a disorder characterized by persistent craving for, and ingestion of non-nutritive substances. Pica exists in all segments of the population, but is particularly prevalent among some people with developmental disabilities. The substances most often craved are cigarette butts.
Ingestion of Cigarettes and Cigarette Butts by Children The U.S. Centers for Disease Control studied 146 children aged six months to two years who had ingested cigarettes or cigarette butts. One-third of them experienced illnessthe most common symptom reported was vomiting. Click here for an article by the U.S. Center for Disease Control
Click here for newspaper articles about how communities are trying to reduce cigarette litter.
Read all about cigarette butt litter!
Click here to read an article that was published in the August 2000 issue of the American Littoral Society journal, The Underwater Naturalist. This article, by CVW's Executive Director Kathleen M. Register, includes background data, such as the fact that 2.1 billion pounds of cigarette filters were discarded worldwide in 1998, along with results of her research showing that leached chemicals from cigarette filters are deadly to the water flea Daphnia magna, a small crustacean at the lower end of, but important to the aquatic food chain.
Students and Teachers:
Are you interested in doing a science fair project on cigarette litter? Click here for ideas and information.
Disclaimer: The "links" to other Internet addresses contain information created, published, maintained, or otherwise posted by institutions or organizations independent of Clean Virginia Waterways. CVW does not endorse, approve, certify, or control these external Internet addresses and does not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficacy, timeliness, or correct sequencing of information located at such addresses. Use of any information obtained from these addresses should only be undertaken after an independent review of its accuracy, completeness, efficacy, and timeliness. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, service mark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by CVW.
Litter Prevention Page Litter and Debris in our Waterways - Impacts and Data Page Impacts of aquatic debris Solutions How Data from the ICC are used The International Coastal Cleanup in Virginia
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