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Music

Patricia D. Lust, Chair
Brenda Clark, Secretary

The mission of the Music Department is to educate students in the discipline of music and to provide quality, practical musical experiences for them. Our primary goals are preparing music majors for professional careers in music and providing all interested students and members of the community with experiences that will enhance their appreciation and understanding of music.
Our specific objectives are the following:

  • to prepare students to teach in the public schools (K-12) in vocal, instrumental, and general music
  • to prepare students for graduate or further professional study in music
  • to provide quality musical experiences for the music minors and general education students
  • to provide a variety of performance opportunities for the music majors, other qualified Longwood students, and members of the community
  • to present high quality musical events for the campus and community

The Department of Music offers courses leading to two degrees: the Bachelor of Arts degree with concentration in Music, and the Bachelor of Music with concentration in one of the following areas: Education, Performance (voice, piano, brass, woodwinds, percussion), and Piano Pedagogy. Common to each degree is a basic music core outlined in the specific degree plans that follow.

Music majors must meet the following requirements:

  • Each incoming freshman music major or transfer student must audition and interview with the music faculty. A non-keyboard major must take a keyboard placement examination in order to determine his/her level of piano proficiency.
  • Every music major is required to enroll in an ensemble for credit each semester. For vocal majors that ensemble will be the University Choir or Camerata Singers, and for the instrumental majors that ensemble will be the Wind Symphony. Keyboard majors may choose from the three, depending upon abilities and professional track.
  • Students pursuing the B.M. degree in Performance are required to present a half Junior recital and a full Senior recital. Students pursuing the B.M. degree in Piano Pedagogy are required to present a minimum of a half Junior Recital and half Senior Recital. Students pursuing the B.M. in the Education concentration are required to present a minimum of a half Senior recital. Students pursuing the B.A. in Music are required to present a half Senior recital or approved Senior project.
  • All music majors must complete a piano proficiency examination prior to graduation. Students pursuing education degrees must complete the proficiency prior to student teaching.

The amount of credit in applied music that may be transferred from other institutions will be determined through evaluation of the student's ability by the Music faculty.

The Department of Music also offers a Minor in Music, a program that requires the successful completion of 20 credits in music. Those credits are earned in theoretical studies, history and literature, applied study, music electives, and in music ensembles.

The department is an accredited institutional member of the National Association of Schools of Music.

Assessment

In addition to the Longwood Admission application, students are admitted to the music major on the basis of an in-person audition and interview with the Music Faculty. Students majoring in music are carefully assessed in performance each semester during their college careers by a jury examination in performance administered by the Music Faculty who make written commentary that is then discussed with the student by the applied instructor in a follow-up conference. Prior to the presentation of Junior and Senior recitals, a Recital Hearing is performed for the Music Faculty who make written commentary that is discussed in a follow-up conference. Continuing students who apply for scholarship assistance are auditioned and interviewed by the Music Faculty.

MUSIC DEGREE PROGRAMS

Faculty

All music faculty teach in each of the music degree programs listed below.
Charles E. Kinzer, PhD, Professor of Music
Lisa B. Kinzer, DMA, Associate Professor of Music
Patricia D. Lust, DM, Professor of Music
Dennis Malfatti, DM, Assistant Professor of Music
Gordon L. Ring, DMA, Professor of Music
Christopher L. Swanson, DMA, Assistant Professor of Music
Thomas A. Williams, MM, Associate Professor of Music

BACHELOR OF ARTS
Visual and Performing Arts
Concentration in Music

(Applied Areas: Voice, Piano, Brass, Woodwinds, Percussion)

The degree Bachelor of Arts with a Concentration in Music is a program of study in which the student is encouraged to develop skills as a practicing musician and which prepares the student with the necessary skills to pursue graduate studies in music literature or history. The degree program requires a modern language in either German or French.

A. General Education Core Requirements. 41 credits.

Music Majors will take MUSC 331 to fulfill Goal 12.

B. Additional Degree Requirements. 6 credits.

Modern Language (French or German)/3 credits (at 202 level or above)
Humanities/3 credits not in the discipline of music

C. Major Requirements. 53 credits.

MUSC 113 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 114 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 115 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 116 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 119 Introduction to Computer Applications in Music/1 credit
MUSC 137 Music Literature/3 credits
MUSC 163 Beginning Piano I/1 credit
MUSC 164 Beginning Piano II/1 credit
MUSC 263 Intermediate Piano I/1 credit
(May be exempt from any or all of the above piano classes by passing the Piano Proficiency/not required of keyboard primary)
MUSC 264 Intermediate Piano II/1 credit
MUSC 213 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 214 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 215 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 216 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 313 Form and Analysis/3 credits
MUSC 332 History of Music/3 credits
MUSC 341 Conducting/2 credits
MUSC 483 Applied Music Capstone Course/3 credits (1 credit satisfies General Education Goal 15)

Music Electives/5-8 credits

Ensembles/8 credits

Applied Primary/10 credits

TOTAL/53 credits

D. General Electives: 20 credits

E. Total Credits Required for Bachelor of Arts with a Concentration in Music - 120

BACHELOR OF MUSIC
Visual and Performing Arts
Concentration in Education

(Applied Areas: Voice, Piano, Brass, Woodwinds, Percussion)

The degree Bachelor of Music with a Concentration in Education K-12 is designed to prepare the student to be endorsed and to teach music in the schools. Each student develops as a practicing musician in voice or in instrumental studies, and acquires the skills necessary to communicate musical concepts and skills. Opportunities to observe and to teach in the classroom situation prepare the student for an intensive professional semester at the end of the program of study.

A. General Education Core Requirements. 41 credits.

Music Majors will take MUSC 331, Music History, to fulfill Goal 12.

B. Additional Degree Requirements. 6 credits.

Humanities/6 credits in at least two disciplines and not in the discipline of music.

C. Major Requirements. 48-53 credits. (choose choral or instrumental track)

Choral Track
MUSC 113 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 114 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 115 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 116 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 119 Introduction to Computer Applications in Music/1 credit
MUSC 137 Music Literature/3 credits
MUSC 140 Diction for Singers I/2 credits
MUSC 141 Diction for Singers II/2 credits
(voice primary)
MUSC 163 Beginning Piano I/1 credit
MUSC 164 Beginning Piano II/1 credit
MUSC 263 Intermediate Piano I/1 credit
(May be exempt from any or all of the above piano classes by passing the Piano Proficiency/not required of keyboard primary)
MUSC 264 Intermediate Piano II/1 credit
MUSC 213 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 214 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 215 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 216 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 313 Form and Analysis/3 credits
MUSC 332 History of Music/3 credits
MUSC 340 Instrumental Survey/3 credits
MUSC 341 Conducting/2 credits
MUSC 342 Advanced Choral Conducting/2 credits
MUSC 412 Arranging/2 credits
MUSC 483 Applied Music Capstone Course/3 credits (1 credit satisfies General Education Goal 15)

Applied Primary/12 credits

TOTAL 48-53 credits

Instrumental Track
MUSC 113 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 114 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 115 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 116 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 119 Introduction to Computer Applications in Music/1 credit
MUSC 137 Music Literature/3 credits
MUSC 163 Beginning Piano I/1 credit
MUSC 164 Beginning Piano II/1 credit
MUSC 263 Intermediate Piano I/1 credit
(May be exempt from any or all of the above piano classes by passing the Piano Proficiency/not required of keyboard primary)
MUSC 264 Intermediate Piano II/1 credit
MUSC 165 Strings/1 credit
MUSC 167 Percussion/1 credit
MUSC 205 Vocal Ensemble/2 credits
MUSC 213 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 214 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 215 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 216 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 313 Form and Analysis/3 credits
MUSC 332 History of Music/3 credits
MUSC 341 Conducting/2 credits
MUSC 343 Advanced Instrumental Conducting/2 credits
MUSC 361 Brass/1 credit
MUSC 363 Woodwinds/1 credit
MUSC 365 Vocal Techniques/1 credit
MUSC 412 Arranging/2 credits
MUSC 483 Applied Music Capstone Course/3 credits (1 credit satisfies General Education Goal 15)

Applied Primary/12 credits

TOTAL 50-53 credits

D. Education Requirements

Choral Track
MUSC 145 Introduction to Music Education/1 credit
MUSC 345 Practicum in Elementary School/1 credit
MUSC 346 Practicum in Junior High or Middle School/1 credit
MUSC 347 Practicum in High School/1 credit
MUSC 441 Elementary School Methods and Materials/3 credits
MUSC 442 Choral Methods and Materials/2 credits
EDUC 245 Human Growth and Development/3 credits
EDUC 380 Classroom Assessment/2 credits
EDUC 403 Directed Elementary Teaching for Art and Music/6 credits
EDUC 404 Directed Secondary Teaching for Art and Music/5 credits
EDUC 484 Media and Technology/1 credit
EDUC 487 Classroom Management and System Issues/3 credits
EDUC 488 Education Seminar/1 credit
SPED 489 Survey of Exceptional Children/3 credits

TOTAL 33 credits

Instrumental Track
MUSC 145 Introduction to Music Education/1 credit
MUSC 345 Practicum in Elementary School/1 credit
MUSC 346 Practicum in Junior High or Middle School/1 credit
MUSC 347 Practicum in High School/1 credit
MUSC 441 Elementary School Methods and Materials/3 credits
MUSC 443 Instrumental Methods and Materials/2 credits
MUSC 444 Marching Band Fundamentals/1 credit
EDUC 245 Human Growth and Development/3 credits
EDUC 380 Classroom Assessment/2 credits
EDUC 403 Directed Elementary Teaching for Art and Music/6 credits
EDUC 404 Directed Secondary Teaching for Art and Music/5 credits
EDUC 484 Media and Technology/1 credit
EDUC 487 Classroom Management and System Issues/3 credits
EDUC 488 Education Seminar/1 credit
SPED 489 Survey of Exceptional Children/3 credits

TOTAL 34 credits

E. Total Credits Required for Bachelor of Music with a Concentration in Education - 128-134

BACHELOR OF MUSIC
Visual and Performing Arts
Concentration in Performance

(Applied Areas: Voice, Piano, Brass, Woodwinds, Percussion)

The degree Bachelor of Music is a performance degree in music. Areas of concentration include instrumental or vocal. In addition to developing the understanding of musical concepts and a knowledge of the historical musical styles, emphasis in the program is weighted to high achievement in musical performance.

A. General Education Core Requirements. 41 credits.

Music Majors will take MUSC 331, Music History, to fulfill Goal 12.

B. Additional Degree Requirements. 6 credits.

Modern Languages (French or German/3 credits (at 202-level or above)
Humanities/3 credits not in the discipline of music

C. Major Requirements. 69-76 credits.

Voice Primary
MUSC 113 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 114 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 115 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 116 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 119 Introduction to Computer Applications in Music/1 credit
MUSC 137 Music Literature/3 credits
MUSC 140 Diction for Singers I/2 credits
MUSC 141 Diction for Singers II/2 credits
MUSC 163 Beginning Piano I/1 credit
MUSC 164 Beginning Piano II/1 credit
MUSC 263 Intermediate Piano I/1 credit
(May be exempt from any or all of the above piano classes by passing the Piano Proficiency)MUSC 264 Intermediate Piano II/1 credit
MUSC 213 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 214 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 215 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 216 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 243 Piano Accompanying/1 credit
MUSC 313 Form and Analysis/3 credits
MUSC 332 History of Music/3 credits
MUSC 341 Conducting/2 credits
MUSC 436 Vocal Literature/2 credits
MUSC 446 Vocal Pedagogy/2 credits
MUSC 483 Applied Music Capstone Course/3 credits (1 credit satisfies General Education Goal 15)

Applied Primary/19 credits

Ensembles/8 credits

Music Electives/6 credits

TOTAL: 69-72 credits

Piano Primary
MUSC 113 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 114 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 115 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 116 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 119 Introduction to Computer Applications in Music/1 credit
MUSC 137 Music Literature/3 credits
MUSC 213 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 214 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 215 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 216 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 243 Piano Accompanying/1 credit
MUSC 264 Intermediate Piano II/1 credit
MUSC 313 Form and Analysis/3 credits
MUSC 319 Keyboard Improvisation/2 credits
MUSC 332 History of Music/3 credits
MUSC 335 Piano Duet and Duo-Piano Literature/2 credits
MUSC 341 Conducting/2 credits
MUSC 435 Piano Literature/2 credits
MUSC 445/Piano Pedagogy I/2 credits
MUSC 483 Applied Music Capstone Course/3 credits (1 credit satisfies General Education Goal 15)

Applied Primary/19 credits

Ensembles/10 credits

Music Electives/6 credits

TOTAL 71 credits

Instrumental Primary
MUSC 113 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 114 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 115 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 116 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 119 Introduction to Computer Applications in Music/1 credit
MUSC 137 Music Literature/3 credits
MUSC 163 Beginning Piano I/1 credit
MUSC 164 Beginning Piano II/1 credit
MUSC 263 Intermediate Piano I/1 credit
(May be exempt from any or all of the above piano classes by passing the Piano Proficiency)MUSC 264 Intermediate Piano II/1 credit
MUSC 213 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 214 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 215 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 216 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 313 Form and Analysis/3 credits
MUSC 332 History of Music/3 credits
MUSC 341 Conducting/2 credits
MUSC 343 Advanced Instrumental Conducting/2 credits
MUSC 414 Counterpoint/2 credits
MUSC 433 Instrumental Literature/2 credits

Choose one of the following three methods courses:
MUSC 167 Percussion Techniques and Methods/1 credit
MUSC 361 Brass Techniques and Methods/1 credit
MUSC 363 Woodwinds Techniques and Methods/1 credit

MUSC 483 Applied Music Capstone Course/3 credits (1 credit satisfies General Education Goal 15)

Applied Primary/19 credits

Ensembles/10 credits

Music Electives/9 credits

TOTAL 72-75 credits

D. Electives (all concentrations)/1-3 credits

E. Total Credits Required for Bachelor of Music with a Concentration in Performance - 120-122

BACHELOR OF MUSIC
Visual and Performing Arts
Concentration in Piano Pedagogy

(Applied Area, Piano)

The degree Bachelor of Music with a Concentration in Piano Pedagogy offers students with strong performance skills the opportunity to apply those skills to teaching applied piano in individual and group settings. Elective Education and Business courses supplement a core music curriculum that fosters growth in areas of performance, music theory, music literature, and music education. Students who complete this degree program will be well equipped to perform in varied settings, establish independent teaching studios, and teach piano in community music and preparatory schools. They will also have a thorough background for pursuing graduate studies in piano pedagogy and performance.

A. General Education Core Requirements. 41 credits.

Music Majors will take MUSC 331, Music History, to fulfill Goal 12.

B. Additional Degree Requirements. 6 credits.

Humanities/6 credits in at least two disciplines and not in the discipline of music

C. Major Requirements. 70 credits.

MUSC 113 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 114 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 115 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 116 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 119 Intro. to Computer Applications in Music/1 credit
MUSC 137 Music Literature/3 credits
MUSC 213 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 214 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 215 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 216 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 243 Piano Accompanying/1 credit
MUSC 264 Intermediate Piano II/1 credit
MUSC 313 Form and Analysis/3 credits
MUSC 319 Keyboard Improvisation/1 credit
MUSC 332 History of Music/3 credits
MUSC 335 Piano Duet and Duo-Piano Literature/2 credits
MUSC 341 Conducting/2 credits
MUSC 427 Intermediate Piano Literature/2 credits
MUSC 435 Piano Literature/2 credits
MUSC 445 Piano Pedagogy I/2 credits
MUSC 447 Piano Pedagogy II/2 credits
MUSC 483 Applied Music Capstone Course/3 credits (1 credit satisfies General Education Goal 15)
MUSC 492 Piano Internship/6 credits

Applied Primary/17 credits

Ensembles/8 credits

TOTAL 70 credits

D. Electives/3 credits

E. Total Credits Required for Bachelor of Music with a Concentration in Piano Pedagogy - 120

MINOR IN MUSIC

The Minor in music is a program that requires the successful completion of 20 credits in music. Those credits are earned in theoretical studies, history and literature, applied study, and in music ensembles. Music 115 and Music 116 must be taken prior to or during the first year of applied study.

MUSC 113 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 114 Theory of Music/2 credits
MUSC 115 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 116 Sightsinging and Dictation/1 credit
MUSC 137 Music Literature/3 credits
MUSC 163 Beginning Piano I/1 credit
MUSC 164 Beginning Piano II/1 credit (If applied area is piano, substitute 2 elective credits for this requirement. If student demonstrates intermediate-level keyboard skills, substitute 2 elective credits for this requirement.)

Applied Music: MUSC 171, 172/2 credits

Music electives/3-5 credits

Ensembles/4 credits

TOTAL 20 credits

MUSIC COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

A special fee is charged for all individual applied music courses. †
General Education Courses *
Writing Intensive Course **
Speaking Intensive Course ***

Private Applied Study. By special permission of the Chair of the Music Department. A special fee is charged for private study. 1 credit. †

Music 113. Theory of Music. Introduction to fundamentals of music including notation, scales, intervals, triads and rhythm. 2 credits. Must be taken concurrently with MUSC 115.

Music 114. Theory of Music. Continuation of 113 including voice leading, modulation and secondary chords. Prerequisite: MUSC 113. 2 credits. Must be taken concurrently with MUSC 116.

Music 115. Sightsinging and Dictation. Ear training through sightsinging and dictation. 2 periods; 1 credit each semester. Must be taken concurrently with MUSC 113.

Music 116. Sightsinging and Dictation. Continuation of 115 which is prerequisite. 2 periods; 1 credit. Must be taken concurrently with MUSC 114.

Music 117, 118, 217, 218, 317, 318, 417, 418. Composition. Instruction in techniques of composing music. Prerequisite: Music 113, 115 or consent of instructor. May be repeated for credit. 1 class and 1 private lesson; 1 credit.

Music 119. Introduction to Computer Applications in Music. An introduction to Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) and computer music applications including music notation, sequencing, and other software. One period; 1 credit.

Music 137. Music Literature. Survey of the major periods of music with examples of the works of principal composers in each period; the relation of music to other aspects of history and culture. 3 credits. ** and ***.

Music 140. Diction for Singers I. Study of phonetics and the International Phonetic Alphabet. Accurate pronunciation in English, Latin and Italian. 2 periods. 2 credits.

Music 141. Diction for Singers II. Study of phonetics and the International Phonetic Alphabet. Accurate pronunciation in German and French. Prerequisite: Music 140. 2 periods. 2 credits.

Music 145. Introduction to Music Education. Survey of the role, quality, and value of music in school curricula. Ideas and techniques reflective of learning. Students will take Praxis I as a component of this course. Music Majors only. 1 period; 1 credit.

Music 163. Beginning Piano I. Study and practice in basic keyboard techniques, sightreading, memorization, scales, arpeggios and chord progressions. Introduction to the piano literature. Open only to music majors and others by permission of the instructor. Must be taken concurrently with MUSC 113. 1 credit.

Music 164. Beginning Piano II. Continuation of Music 163 with individually assigned repertoire. Prerequisite: Music 163. Must be taken concurrently with MUSC 114.1 credit.

Music 213. Theory of Music. Continuation of 114 including chromaticism and altered chords. Prerequisite: MUSC 114. 2 credits. Must be taken concurrently with MUSC 215.

Music 214. Theory of Music. Continuation of 213, including late 19th and 20th century topics such as 12 tone and other contemporary compositional techniques. Prerequisite: MUSC 213. 2 credits. Must be taken concurrently with MUSC 216.

Music 215. Sightsinging and Dictation. Continuation of 115, 116 which are prerequisites. 2 periods; 1 credit each semester. Must be taken concurrently with MUSC 213.

Music 216. Sightsinging and Dictation. Continuation of 215 which is a prerequisite. 2 periods, 1 credit each semester. Must be taken concurrently with MUSC 214.

Music 221. History of Jazz. Survey of the history of jazz from its origins to the present, with a consideration of the relation of jazz to other aspects of history and culture. 3 credits. *

Music 222. History of Rock. Survey of the history of Rock from its origins to the present, with a consideration of the relation of Rock to other aspects of history and culture. 3 credits. *

Music 223. Introduction to Music. An introduction to the content and structure of music. A practical application through performance and composition of the fundamental theories of music. Not open to music majors. 4 credits.

Music 224. The Appreciation of Music. Study of Musical arts with regard to the composers and compositions of major style eras. Laboratory/concerts will emphasize critical analysis of live concerts, rehearsals and recitals. Not open to music majors. 3 credits. *

Music 225. Introduction to World Music. Survey of the history of World Music from its origins to the present, with a consideration of the relation of World Music to other aspects of history and culture. 3 credits. *

Music 227. Jazz, Folk, Rock, and Broadway Musicals. Survey and comparison of the styles, characteristics, composers, and performers of folk, jazz, rock, and Broadway music. 3 credits.

Music 243. Piano Accompanying. Study and practical application of accompanying other musicians. Recommended for keyboard majors. 2 periods; 1 credit.

Music 263. Intermediate Piano I. Continuation of Music 164 with the addition of improvisation. Prerequisite: Music 164. 1 credit.

Music 264. Intermediate Piano II. Continuation of Music 263. Prerequisite: Music 263. 1 credit.

Music 292. Internship in Music. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of music. 1-18 credits.

Music 295. Special Topics in Music. Selected topics in music. The topics may vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.

Music 311, 312. Studies Abroad. Primarily intended for transfer of credit earned abroad in courses on music per semester. 1-18 credits.

Music 313. Form and Analysis. Harmonic and formal analysis of compositions of each period. Prerequisite: Music 214. 3 credits.

Music 314. Jazz Improvisation. A theory/performance class designed to acquaint the student with improvisation in the jazz idiom. Technical competence on an instrument or in voice required. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. 1 credit.

Music 315, 316; 415, 416. Intermediate Computer Applications in Music; Advanced Computer Applications in Music. Study of piano compositions technique, sightreading, theory, and computer technology. 2 periods. 2 credits.

Music 319. Keyboard Improvisation. Fundamentals of jazz and commercial music for keyboard. Open to keyboard majors in the Bachelor of Music (performance) degree program and others with consent of the instructor. Co-requisite: Music 314. 1 credit.

Music 331. History of Music I. History of music of western civilization from Antiquity to 1750, with examples. Open to non-music majors only with permission of instructor. 3 credits each semester. ** and ***

Music 332. History of Music II. History of music of western civilization from 1750 to the present, with examples. Open to non-music majors only with permission of instructor. 3 credits each semester. Prerequisite: MUSC 331. ** and ***

Music 335. Piano Duet and Duo-Piano Literature. Study and performance of piano ensemble music. Includes both piano duet literature and duo-piano literature. Required of B.M. piano performance and piano pedagogy majors; open to others with permission of instructor. 2 periods. 2 credits.

Music 340. Instrumental Survey. Survey of string, percussion, brass, and woodwind families. Study of history, members of each family, range, timbre, and transposition. Required of music education voice and keyboard majors. 3 credits.

Music 341. Conducting. Technique of the baton; score reading; rehearsal procedures; vocal and instrumental conducting. 2 credits.

Music 342. Advanced Choral Conducting. Continuation of Music 341 which is prerequisite. 2 periods. 2 credits.

Music 343. Advanced Instrumental Conducting. Continuation of Music 341 which is prerequisite. 2 credits.

Music 345. Practicum in Elementary School. Students, through observation and participation, are introduced to the daily routine and music curriculum in the elementary school. 1 credit.

Music 346. Practicum in Junior High or Middle School. Students, through observation and participation, are introduced to the daily routine and music curriculum (instrumental or choral) in the junior high or middle school. 1 credit.

Music 347. Practicum in High School. Students, through observation and participation, are introduced to the daily routine and music curriculum (instrumental or choral) in the high school. 1 credit.

Music 365. Vocal Techniques. Voice class for instrumental majors. Study of vocal techniques, literature and diction. One small-class instruction per week. Prerequisites: Music 115 and 116. 1 credit.

Music 390. Directed or Independent Study. Must be approved by the head of the department. May be repeated as 391. 1-18 credits.

Music 392. Internship in Music. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of music. 1-18 credits.

Music 412. Arranging. Study and practice of arranging in different voice and instrument combinations with attention to style, range, form, and difficulty. Prerequisite: Music 214. 2 periods; 2 credits.

Music 413. Advanced Analysis. Introduction to Schenkerian analysis, set theory. Continuation of Music 313, which is prerequisite. 2 periods; 2 credits.

Music 414. Counterpoint. Strict and free counterpoint; motivic development; invertable counterpoint. Prerequisite: Music 137, 214. Offered on demand. 2 credits.

Music 427. Intermediate Piano Literature. A survey of intermediate-level piano literature through listening, performing, and reading. Required of piano pedagogy concentration, recommended for piano performance concentration. 2 periods. 2 credits.

Music 430. Music of the Eighteenth Century. Study of the forms, styles, and trends of the music of the eighteenth century; biography. Prerequisites: MUSC 331, 332. 3 credits.

Music 431. Music of the Nineteenth Century. Study of the forms, styles, and trends of the music of the nineteenth century; biography. Prerequisites: MUSC 331, 332. 3 credits.

Music 432. Music of the Twentieth Century. Study of the forms, styles, and trends of the music of the twentieth century; biography. Prerequisites: MUSC 332 or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. **

Music 433. Instrumental Literature. Study of composers and major compositions of wind instruments. Baroque to the present. May be combined with band and instrumental literature. 2 periods. 2 credits.

Music 435. Piano Literature. Study of the literature of the piano through performance and listening. 2 periods. 2 credits.

Music 436. Vocal Literature. Study of the literature of the voice through performance and listening. 2 periods. 2 credits.

Music 437. Music of the Theatre. Study of opera, operetta, and incidental music. Prerequisites: MUSC 331, 332. 3 credits.

Music 438. Music of the Church. Study of the development of music in the church from Gregorian chant to the present. Prerequisites: MUSC 331, 332. 3 credits.

Music 441. Elementary School Methods and Materials. Study of materials and techniques appropriate for teaching music to children, including peer-teaching experiences in the class and a 6-week field experience in the public schools. The course includes several research projects and seminars on issues of importance in elementary music education. Prerequisites: Music major, senior status with MUSC 145 completed or non-major by special permission of the instructor. 3 credits.

Music 442. Choral Methods and Materials. Study of methods and materials appropriate for secondary school choral music with emphasis on organization, festivals, curriculum, and vocal/choral techniques. Prerequisites: 341. 2 periods. 2 credits.

Music 443. Instrumental Methods and Materials. Study of all the band and orchestral instruments. Embouchure and technical development; rehearsal techniques; fundamentals of marching, materials. Prerequisites: Music 341. 2 credits.

Music 444. Marching Band Fundamentals. Marching band fundamentals class for instrumental majors who plan to teach on secondary music level. Involves classwork, observation at neighboring high schools during pre-game and half-time shows, and writing marching shows to be appropriately coordinated with music. 1 credit.

Music 445. Piano Pedagogy I. Techniques and materials of teaching piano individually and in groups. Observation and teaching of demonstration groups. 2 periods. 2 credits.

Music 446. Vocal Pedagogy. Study of the principles of voice production and voice teaching. Laboratory with beginning voice students. 2 periods. 2 credits.

Music 447. Piano Pedagogy II. A continuation of Piano Pedagogy I with the inclusion of advanced topics such as class piano for music majors and practice techniques for the advancing student. 2 periods. 2 credits.

Music 448. Integrated Arts/Music. A study of the value and practical application of integrating the arts across all content areas of the curriculum with a focus on the musical arts.  Students will gain an understanding of the role of the creative process in the classroom and will investigate the various means of expressing ideas, emotions and images through the use of music, drama, movement, puppetry, visual arts and theater.  3 credits.

Music 483. Applied Music Capstone Course. Applied study and senior recital ( or project for BA). One hour individual lesson or equivalent each week. This course must be taken during the semester when the senior recital is scheduled. 3 credits.

Music 490. Directed or Independent Study. Must be approved by the head of the department. May be repeated. 1-18 credits.

Music 492. Internship. A one-semester, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of music. 1-18 credits.

Music 495. Special Topics in Music. Selected topics in music. The topics may vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.

Music 498. Honors Research in Music. Students conduct research in music under the direction of a faculty member and the Senior Honors Research Committee. May be repeated as 499. 3 credits. **

APPLIED MUSIC

Private study is offered in most performance areas: Voice, Piano, Brass, Woodwinds, and Percussion. Incoming Music majors must audition in their areas of concentration.

The following is a list of areas of applied study. Music majors take primary applied for their main instrument. Non-majors may enroll in elective applied lessons.

With the permission of the chair of the Music Department, earned primary credits may be substituted for required secondary credits. Earned secondary credits, however, may NOT be substituted for required primary credits.

APPLIED SECONDARY -- For Music Minors -- Fee of $178

One half-hour individual lesson each week; 1 credit.

MUSC 171, 172, 271, 272, 371, 372, 471, 472

Sections:
21, 22 . . . Percussion
31, 32 . . . Piano
61, 62 . . . Woodwinds
71, 72 . . . Brass
81, 82 . . . Voice

APPLIED PRIMARY -- For Music Majors -- Fee of $178

One-hour individual lesson plus related studio classes and recitals. A 3-credit option is reserved for performance majors, only. Education majors may not take more than 2 credits in any one semester. 2 or 3 credits. Level 282 is Speaking Intensive.

MUSC 181, 182, 281, 282, 381, 382, 481, 482

Sections:
21, 22 . . . Percussion
31, 32 . . . Piano
61, 62 . . . Woodwinds
71, 72 . . . Brass
81, 82 . . . Voice

ELECTIVE APPLIED MUSIC - For non-Music and Music Majors - Fee of $355

Elective private study in music. One half-hour lesson weekly. 1 Credit. Applied fee of $355 per semester. By permission of the department chair and applied instructor.

MUSC 155, 156, 255, 256, 355, 356, 455, 456

Sections:
21, 22 . . . Percussion
31, 32 . . . Piano
61, 62 . . . Woodwinds
71, 72 . . . Brass
81, 82 . . . Voice
91, 92 . . . Composition

INSTRUMENTAL TECHNIQUES AND METHODS. An examination of the pedagogical materials and techniques appropriate to the instruction of students in instrumental music. Achieving a grade 3-4 technique in performance is required.

Music 165. Strings. 1 credit.
Music 167. Percussion. 1 credit.
Music 361. Brass. 1 credit.
Music 363. Woodwinds. 1 credit.

APPLIED ELECTIVE CLASSES

Music 151, 152. Piano Class. Piano for non-majors. Study of piano composition techniques, sightreading, and theory. Class taught in electronic piano lab. 1 credit.

Music 153, 154. Voice Class. Voice for non-majors. Study of vocal techniques, literature, sightreading, and diction. One small class instruction each week. 1 credit.

ENSEMBLES

Ensembles are open to all students who sing or play an orchestral or band instrument. Some ensembles require instructor's approval and audition. Formal programs are presented on and off campus. May be repeated for credit. 1 credit.

Music 102, 103, 104. Instrumental Ensemble. Requires all 3 semesters in appropriate sequence (MUSC 102, 103, 104; consecutive semesters preferable but not required) in order to satisfy General Education Goal 4. Study of a unique body of instrumental literature each semester. Several sections are offered at varying degrees of difficulty to match students' skills and previous experience. Auditions are required for some sections. Not open to instrumental music majors. 1 credit each semester. *

Music 105, 106, 107. Choral Ensemble. Requires all 3 semesters in appropriate sequence (MUSC 105, 106, 107; consecutive semesters preferable but not required) in order to satisfy General Education Goal 4. Study of a unique body of choral literature each semester. Several sections are offered at varying degrees of difficulty to match students' skills and previous experience. Auditions are required for some sections. Not open to vocal music majors. 1 credit each semester. *

Music 201, 401. String Ensemble. Open to all Longwood students who have experience in playing stringed instruments. 1 credit.

Music 202, 402. Woodwind Ensemble (Section 01), Brass Ensemble (Section 02), Flute Ensemble (Section 03), Percussion Ensemble (Section 04). Open to all Longwood students. Ensembles meet regularly and perform throughout the year. 1 credit.

Music 202, 402 (Section 11/12). Jazz Ensemble A/Jazz Ensemble B. The Jazz Ensembles rehearse and perform all styles of jazz, presenting a series of concerts throughout the year. The Ensembles are open to all students by audition. 1 credit.

Music 202, 402 (Section 21). Wind Symphony. Open to all Longwood students and also to members of the community. The band rehearses and performs a wide range and variety of concert band literature. 2 periods; 1 credit.

Music 205, 405 (Section 01). University Choir. The University Choir is open to all students who have an interest in choral singing. There is no audition necessary though some musical background is helpful. Elements of note reading, solfege, vocal tone, and choral literature will be explored in a rehearsal context leading to one or more public performances each semester. SATB. 2 periods, 1 credit.

Music 205, 405 (Section 11). Camerata Singers. The Camerata Singers is a select mixed ensemble of 30-40 singers. The choir is devoted to presenting high caliber performances of a wide range of choral repertoire. The ensemble performs extensively in concerts both on campus and on tours. A singer is selected through audition and non-majors are encouraged to participate. SATB. 3 periods; 1 credit.

Music 205, 405 (Section 21). Chamber Singers. The Chamber Singers is a small choral ensemble which provides music majors with an education in small choral repertoire and performance. Admission through audition. 1 credit.

Music 206, 406. Handbell Ensemble. Instruction and participation in the art of ringing English handbells resulting in a performing handbell ensemble. This ensemble is open to all students by audition. 2 periods. 1 credit.

Music 208, 408. Opera Workshop. Preparation and performance of scenes from operas, operettas, and musical theater, or complete works. Emphasis is on musical preparation, movement, and diction. Prerequisite: Audition or consent of the instructor. May be repeated for credit. 3 periods, 1 credit.