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Social Work

Dr. Theresa A. Clark, Area Coordinator

Mission Statement

The mission of the Longwood University undergraduate Social Work Program is to prepare practitioners who have a foundation for social work knowledge, theory and research through a strong liberal arts based education; to prepare competent and effective generalist practitioners who become citizen leaders in their respective communities, while representing and empowering oppressed individuals, groups, and communities to improve the quality of life; to reduce the inequalities in society through the use of social justice strategies and effective practice; and to contribute to the knowledge base of practice, research, and theory development about the needs of diverse populations served by professional social workers.


  • Provide strong liberal arts based education that incorporates coursework from the natural sciences, humanities, social sciences, and mathematics and computer sciences.
  • Provide guided field instruction experiences that promote the delivery of effective services to diverse populations.
  • Provide social work curricula that build on the knowledge and skills acquired in the liberal arts education and that focuses on research, knowledge, theories and skills that develop effective generalists' social work practitioners.
  • Encourage understanding and respect for the person-in-environment conceptualization, diversity, inequalities and changing needs of a complex society and use this information to address social injustices.
  • Support faculty and student research and knowledge building to ensure excellence in learning and teaching.


Upon completion of the Social Work Program, social work students should be able to:

  • Communicate effectively, both orally and in writing, with diverse constitutencies.
  • Think critically and apply analytic skills in understanding current issues and in providing effective services to diverse clientele.
  • Use current technology to locate and disseminate information.
  • Understand the biological and psychosocial developmental stages of individuals.
  • Recognize the importance of diversity and its implications for effective social work practice.
  • Understand the core values that form the basis of the profession of Social Work to include service, social justice, dignity and worth of the person, importance of human relationships, integrity, and competence.
  • Integrate knowledge, skills and abilities to provide direct and indirect services in diverse practice settings.
  • Use information gained from continuous self-assessment to recognize when changes in behavior and practice are needed.
  • Enable faculty to engage in research, practice, and other knowledge building activities.
  • Synthesize and use various theoretical approaches in understanding the needs of clientele and in the provision of services to clientele at the micro, mid and macro levels of practice.
  • Conduct and understand the results of research projects and apply the information to practice settings of diverse sizes.
  • Present self in a professional manner.
  • Recognize the impact of oppression and discrimination on such groups as women, gays and lesbians, older Americans, disabled, African-Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans and other groups identified as being treated in an inequitable manner in society.
  • Use knowledge and skills to reduce inequalities and injustices in society.



Theresa A. Clark, PhD, Associate Professor of Social Work and Area Coordinator
Kristen McAleavey-Eng, PhD, Assistant Professor of Social Work

Admissions Process

Any student accepted to Longwood University may declare Social Work as a major. However, the student will be officially accepted to the Social Work Program at the conclusion of their sophomore year after established criteria have been met.

To be admitted to Longwood University Social Work Program, a student must:

  • Submit a completed application to the Social Work Program by the Friday before spring break of the sophomore year.
  • Provide two professional references with one from a Longwood Social Work professor.
  • Complete 54 earned credit hours, which must include successful completion of ENG 150, SOWK 101 & 102. Completion of SOCL 101, PSYC 101, MATH 171 & BIOL 101 is strongly recommended within the 54 credit hours. Transfer students who meet the above criteria upon entering Longwood must complete one semester at Longwood and provide a reference from one of Longwood's Social Work professors. (A recommended course of study is included in the student handbook that students declaring Social Work as their major receive.)
  • Have a 2.3 cumulative grade point average (which is the current GPA requirement to enter field instruction).
  • Earned no grade less that a C- in any Social Work course.
  • Complete a satisfactory interview with the Social Work Faculty.

The Program in Social Work provides an undergraduate course of study of unique and personalized instruction accredited by the Council on Social Work Education, leading to the Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts in Social Work. The curriculum prepares graduates for first-level professional social work practice as practitioners utilizing the generalist perspective base. Program graduates frequently pursue advanced study in graduate schools and may be eligible for admission into advanced standing one-year M.S.W. degree programs. They may utilize their professional credentials for careers in the expanding opportunities for first-level, generalist-based, professional practitioners according to the standards of the National Association of Social Workers in such areas as:

  • Addiction Treatment
  • Adoption
  • Case Management
  • Child Protective Services
  • Child Welfare
  • Community Mental Health
  • Criminal & Youth Court Services
  • Crisis Intervention
  • Disaster Relief
  • Domestic Violence
  • Employee Assistance Programming
  • Family Planning
  • Family Preservation
  • Foster Care
  • Geriatric Services
  • Health Care
  • Home Health Care
  • Homelessness
  • Hospice Care
  • Hospital Social Work
  • International Social Work
  • Parenting Education
  • Policy Advocacy
  • Rural Social Work
  • School Social Work
  • Veterans Services

The faculty of the Social Work Program, reflecting the generalist orientation, focus on each student's personal and professional growth and development. Specifically, the Program faculty members individualize much of the student's education and actual agency-based instruction as they assist each student to develop a professional knowledge, skill and attitude base through strategically placed personalized evaluations and discussions of their education and process of professional emergence.

Junior Field Instruction consists of an agency placement or field practicum concurrent with integrative course work and involves 180 hours of instruction in a field setting. A grade point average of 2.25 both in the major and overall is required for placement in a field instruction setting. Students transferring into the program later in their academic pursuits are provided with the accelerated 9 1/2-week summer program. Senior Field Instruction usually occurs during the last semester and consists of 600 hours (15 weeks, 40 hours per week) of field instruction in an agency setting. Only those students who are social work degree candidates may be admitted to the field practicum experiences. Enrollment in social work practice courses (SOWK 335, 336, 415, and 427) is restricted to social work majors only! Practicum experiences are readily available throughout the state, and many students choose to live at home during this experience, thus saving money and greatly enhancing their professional career entry. The Social Work Program, in compliance with CSWE accreditation standards, grants no academic credit for life experience and/or previous work experience in lieu of the field practicum or in lieu of courses in the professional foundation content areas.

Social Work Major, BA, BS DEGREE

A. General Education Core Requirement. 41 credits

See General Education Requirements

B. Additional Requirements for BA Degree. 6 credits

Additional Requirements for BS Degree. 7 credits

See Degree Requirements

C. Major Requirements. 68 credits

SOWK 101 Introduction to Human Services/3 credits
SOWK 102 Social Welfare and the Social Work Profession/3 credits
SOWK 240 Social Policy and Issues in Social Welfare/3 credits
SOWK 280 Human Behavior and the Social Environment I/3 credits
SOWK 281 Human Behavior and the Social Environment II/3 credits
SOWK 310 Minority Experiences: Human Development in Hostile Environments/3 credits
SOWK 320 Social Work Research and Evaluation Design/3 credits
SOWK 335 Junior Interventive Means Lab/1 credit
SOWK 336 Interventive Means in Social Work/3 credits
SOWK 340 Junior Field Integration/1 credit
SOWK 392 Junior Internship in Social Work/5 credits
SOWK 401 Senior Field Integration/2 credits
SOWK 404 Social Welfare Administration/1 credit
SOWK 405 Working with Special Populations/3 credits
SOWK 407 Law and the Social Worker/1 credit
SOWK 408 Jobs, Work, and Career Planning/2 credits
SOWK 415 Inter-professional Communication: Techniques for the Survival of Interventive Strategies/3 credits
SOWK 427 Advanced Interventive Means/3 credits
SOWK 492 Senior Internship in Social Work/12 credits (one credit satisfies General Education Goal 15)

Social Work Electives/11 credits

D. General Electives for BA Degree - 5 credits

General Electives for BS Degree - 4 credits

E. Total Credits Required for BA or BS in Social Work - 120 credits

Social Work Course Descriptions

General Education Course *
Writing Intensive Course **
Speaking Intensive Course ***
A special fee is charged for all Field Instruction courses. †

Social Work 101. Introduction to the Human Services. The broad range of human professions and the nature and structure of human service organizations (schools, hospitals, welfare, corrections, mental health, environment, etc.) which deliver client services. Emphasis is placed on the common elements underlying "helping" actions of a wide variety of human services. Students preparing for a career in any human service area will be provided an orientation to systematic analysis of human service professions and systems. 3 credits. **

Social Work 102. Social Welfare and the Social Work Profession. A study of the dynamic adjustment process between the American social welfare system and its societal, value, and historical context. Emphasis is placed on providing a conceptual, theoretical, and philosophical basis for analyzing institutional welfare and its relation to individual and social needs, social justice, and a pluralistic and humanistic society. The emergence, current status, and future of professional social work practice are explored. Prerequisite: SOWK 101. 3 credits.

Social Work 240. Social Policy and Issues in Social Welfare. Models of policy analysis and formulation are reviewed and the role of both social work and government are investigated. The characteristics of poverty, racism, sexism, power, and community are studied in relation to social welfare policy, social work practice, social planning, and programs and services. Prerequisite: SOWK 102. 3 credits. ***

Social Work 280. Human Behavior and the Social Environment I. Utilizing a general systems approach, the student will develop a multi-level perspective of human behavior in the areas of personality development, self-concept formation, community and organizational systems, group processes, personal change dynamics, family systems, and life cycles. Concurrent focus is placed on practice relevancy of the theory base. Prerequisite: SOCL 101. 3 credits.

Social Work 281. Human Behavior and the Social Environment II. A continuing exploration of theoretical contributions to the design and application of intervention strategies. The role of interpersonal influence is studied within the context of effective communication for planned change and effective skills are practiced. Prerequisites: SOWK 280, PSYC 101 and 4 credits of Biology.

Social Work 292. Internship in Social Work. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of social work. 1-18 credits.

Social Work 295. Special Topics. Selected topics in Social Work. The topics will vary from semester to semester. Descriptions will be available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.

Social Work 309. Human Sexual Adjustment. Socio-cultural influences on gender identity and sexual behavior will be analyzed and issues regarding sexual expression and sexual dysfunctioning will be explored. Methods of dealing with sexual adjustment difficulties at both the individual and community levels are presented including human service resources. Prerequisite: 3 hours of Sociology and Psychology. 3 credits.

Social Work 310. Minority Experiences: Human Development in Hostile Environments. With a special emphasis on the Black experience, the course will examine the impact of the conditions of institutionalized racism, sexism, and prejudice on the development of personality, capability, and self concept. Survival strategies, individual strengths and societal treatment of minorities will be analyzed in order to further develop skills for effective practitioner-client relationships. Prerequisite: SOCL 101. 3 credits.

Social Work 311-312. Studies Abroad. Primarily intended for transfer of credit earned abroad in courses in social work. 1-18 credits.

Social Work 320. Social Work Research and Evaluation Design. The role of scientific inquiry in the continuing development of knowledge and practice skill, measures of accountability, needs assessment, and evaluation design is presented. Students conduct agency research and assessments and study the impact of applied scientific techniques on the design and delivery of professional practice. Prerequisite: MATH 171. 3 credits. **

Social Work 335. Junior Interventive Means Lab. Laboratory experiences enabling the development and application of practice skills for direct practice. Emphasis is on levels of problems, systematic assessment and problem solving, and uniqueness of various interventive means. Corequisite: SOWK 336. 1 credit. Only those students who are candidates for the degree in social work may be admitted.

Social Work 336. Interventive Means in Social Work. A generic approach to social work practice with the goal of achieving social justice and the fulfillment of human potential and needs. Students analyze problem situations, select goals and strategies of intervention and worker roles, develop skill in use of self and other resources and assess effectiveness of intervention and services. Prerequisite: SOWK 281. Corequisite: SOWK 335. 3 credits.* Only those students who are candidates for the degree in social work may be admitted.

Social Work 337. Family and Children's Services. Major concepts of family and child welfare are presented and trends in relevant policy, services and practice skills related to supportive, supplemental and substitutive programs are analyzed. Prerequisite: SOWK 240 or permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Social Work 340. Junior Field Integration. Seminar format provides a supplementary opportunity for generalizing principles and intervention approaches beyond the individual field instruction experience. Focus is on the systematic application of generalist practice principles, both traditional and innovative, in the formation of an integrated professional practice approach. Corequisite: SOWK 392. 1 credit.

Social Work 390. Directed or Independent Study. Must be approved by the head of the department. May be repeated as 391. 1-18 credits.

Social Work 392. Junior Internship in Social Work. Throughout the semester, a direct practice experience under the supervision of a field instructor. Application and continued growth of knowledge base, social work practice skills, and values are assessed. Termination of the field instruction will include a formal "Junior Evaluation" involving staff and student in an assessment of the student's candidacy for admission into the Social Work Program. Prerequisite: SOWK 336 and 2.25 GPA average overall and in major courses. 5 credits. † Only those students who are candidates for the degree in social work may be admitted.

Social Work 401. Senior Field Integration. A concurrent seminar providing an opportunity for generalizing intervention skills and experience beyond the student's particular field instruction experience. 3 sessions (30 hours) at regional locations. Corequisites: SOWK 492, 404, 407. 2 credits.

Social Work 404. Social Welfare Administration. An analysis of skills and understanding essentials for the translation of human service program goals into organizational structures. Emphasis is on organizational concepts and theories, administrative philosophies and actual analyses of structural change and operation of field experience agencies. Corequisites: SOWK 492, 401, 407. 1 credit.

Social Work 405. Working with Special Populations. A presentation of the principles of majority-minority relationships within the context of diverse "special populations". The problems of minority status due to factors of race, sex, age, sexual preference, and cultural heritage are studied. Prerequisite: 3 hours of Sociology. 3 credits. ***

Social Work 406. Aging and Society. An introduction to the psychological, social and economic realities of aging with an emphasis on perceiving the elderly as a minority group. Theories of the aging process will be analyzed in conjunction with intervention techniques. 1 credit.

Social Work 407. Law and the Social Worker. Seminar on law as a resource in social work practice, with emphasis on areas where the two professions meet - such as public welfare, juvenile court, family law, adoptions, etc. Examines attitudes of law and social work toward each other. Corequisites: SOWK 492, 401, 404. 1 credit.

Social Work 408. Jobs, Work, and Career Planning. The changing nature of work and securing a job are investigated regarding societal changes, the individual's stage in life, and public policy. Strategies for maintaining one's career goals throughout life are presented along with adaptive techniques for career planning. Each student will identify career goals, and explore specific opportunities and approaches to his career. Non-social work majors are encouraged. Prerequisite: 6 hours of social sciences. 2 credits.

Social Work 415. Inter-professional Communication: Techniques for the Survival of Interventive Strategies. Study of effective professional role performance through the systematic integration and application of knowledge and theory in the design of inter-professional transactions and helping patterns; special attention to use of a scientific practice base for determining effective professional action. Prerequisite: SOWK 336. 3 credits. Only those students who are candidates for the degree in social work may be admitted.

Social Work 427. Advanced Interventive Means. Continued development of generic skills and values at the advanced level for professional practice. Emphasis is placed on integration of knowledge into techniques and strategies for human service delivery. Prerequisite: SOWK 392. 3 credits. ** Only those students who are candidates for the degree in social work may be admitted.

Social Work 461. Topical Seminar in Social Work. A series of topical lectures, presentations and discussions concerning areas of current concern to practitioners in a variety of welfare settings. Emphasis is placed on practice related material and the involvement of practitioners from local agencies is encouraged. 1-3 credits.

Social Work 462. Delivering Hospice Care. A skills approach to the provision of hospice care to the terminally ill. Physical, psychological, social, and spiritual needs unique to this client population will be presented. 1 credit.

Social Work 485. Issues Related to Sex and Gender Differences. A seminar on how sex differences and gendered behaviors are constructed and maintained. 3 credits.

Social Work 490. Directed or Independent Study. Must be approved by the head of the department. May be repeated. 1-18 credits.

Social Work 492. Senior Internship in Social Work. Educationally-directed student learning in selected settings. Students learn by participating in the delivery of social services to individuals, small groups, families, organizations, and/or communities. At least 40 hours per week in an agency for 15 weeks. Prerequisite: SOWK 427 and 2.25 GPA average overall and in major courses. Corequisites: SOWK 401, 404 and 407. 12 credits. Only those students who are candidates for the degree in social work may be admitted.

Social Work 495. Special Topics. Selected topics in Social Work. The topics will vary from semester to semester. Descriptions will be available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.

Social Work 498. Honors Research in Social Work. Students conduct research in social work under the direction of a faculty member and the Senior Honors Research Committee. May be repeated as 499. 3 credits.