The Reggio Emilia approach to education was developed after World War II by psychologist Loris Malaguzzi and parents in the villages around Reggio Emilia, Italy. Following the war, people believed that children were in need of a new way of learning.
The assumption of Malaguzzi and the parents was that children are endowed with "a hundred languages”—such as art, drama and observation—through which they can express their ideas.
The aim is to teach children how to use these symbolic languages in everyday life through a self-guided curriculum based on the interests of the children. This approach has been utilized successfully throughout the world in both public and private settings.