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Requirements

INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES PROGRAM

 

The Integrated Environmental Sciences Major at Longwood provides an interdisciplinary perspective to develop citizen leaders who are equipped to understand complex environmental issues. The major provides strong foundational knowledge in natural and social sciences and heavily emphasizes practical skills and integrated critical thinking throughout the curriculum. Students will receive training that is appropriate preparation for graduate studies or careers in research, teaching, industry, government, or nonprofit organizations.

The major requires core competency courses in life sciences, physical sciences, earth sciences, and social sciences. Additional coursework emphasizes the development of quantitative and communication skills. The hallmark of the curriculum is the integrative courses that are required throughout each year of coursework, bringing together the core competency knowledge and skills to engage in critical thinking about environmental issues from an interdisciplinary perspective. In addition, students must choose a specialization in one of the core competency areas to complete advanced elective courses. Alternatively, a student may design an individualized concentration to best meet the student’s objectives for professional preparation.

Students may take a maximum of 4 credits total in internship (ENSC 492) and research (ENSC 496) courses for quality points (A, B, and C grades). Beyond 4 credits, such courses must be taken on a

pass/fail basis. A minimum grade of C- must be earned in every prerequisite to ENSC courses and all courses listed under the integrated environmental sciences major requirements.

 

Integrated Environmental Sciences Major, BS Degree

General Education Core Requirement/38 credits

MATH 171 is recommended for General Education Goal 5.

PHYS 103 is recommended for General Education Goal 6.

PHIL 316 is required for General Education Goal 12.

ENSC 492 or 496 is required for General Education Goal 14.

 

Additional BS Degree Requirements/7 credits

MATH 301/3 credits (MATH 171 prerequisite)

CHEM 111/4 credits

 

Major Requirements/49 credits (Courses noted with * are satisfied under either General Education Requirements or Additional BS Degree Requirements and are not double-counted here.)

 

CORE CONTENT KNOWLEDGE /26 credits

Life Sciences

BIOL 122 Diversity of Life/4 credits

BIOL 341 General Ecology/4 credits

 

Physical Sciences

*CHEM 111 Fundamentals of Chemistry I/4 credits (satisfied by Additional Degree Requirements)

CHEM 112 Fundamentals of Chemistry II/4 credits

*PHYS 103 Conceptual Physics/4 credits (satisfied if taken as General Education Goal 6)

 

Earth Sciences

EASC 211 Environmental Geology/4 credits

EASC 212 Atmospheric Science/4 credits

 

Social Sciences

Choose two courses from the following:

ECON 314 Environmental and Resource Economics/3 credits

ENSC 380 Introduction to Environmental Law and Policy/3 credits

GEOG 241 Cultural Geography/3 credits

SOCL 260 Environment and Society/3 credits

 

PROFESSIONAL SKILLS/7 credits

COMM 101 Public Speaking/3 credits

GEOG 275 Introduction to GIS/4 credits

*MATH 171 Statistical Decision Making/3 credits (satisfied if taken as General Education Goal 5)

*MATH 301 Applied Statistics/3 credits (satisfied by Additional Degree Requirements)

 

INTEGRATIVE ABILITIES/16 credits

ENSC 101 Introduction to Integrated Environmental Sciences/2 credits

ENSC 201 Integrated Environmental Investigations/4 credits

ENSC 340 Global Environmental Issues/3 credits

ENSC 401 Environmental Planning and Management/4 credits

ENSC 402 Environmental Decision Making/3 credits

*ENSC 492 Internship in Environmental Science/1 credit (satisfied by General Education Goal 14)

OR

* ENSC 496 Research in Environmental Science/1 credit (satisfied by General Education Goal 14)

 

Environmental Science Concentrations (A minimum of 12-16 credits)

A student must choose four courses in one of the approved concentrations listed below (Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Earth Sciences, or Social Sciences). Alternatively, a student may design an individualized concentration to best meet the student’s objectives for professional preparation. An individualized concentration must be developed in consultation with the student’s advisor and approved by the Departmental Curriculum Committee.

 

Life Sciences Concentration (A minimum of 16 credits)

Students selecting the Life Sciences concentration will learn about key ecosystems and gain specialized knowledge and skills pertaining to biology. They will be employable as environmental scientists and technicians, conservation biologists, environmental microbiology analysts, wildlife biologists, foresters, park naturalists and managers, and natural resources managers. Students also will be prepared to continue their education in graduate school.

Choose four of the following courses:

BIOL 304 Microbiology/5 credits

BIOL 342 Terrestrial Biogeography/4 credits

BIOL 361 Aquatic Ecology/5 credits

BIOL 430 Conservation Biology/4 credits

BIOL 435 Advanced Ecology/4 credits

BIOL 443 Field Botany/6 credits

BIOL 445 Tropical Ecology/4 credits

BIOL 471 Ornithology/4 credits

BIOL 474 Entomology/4 credits

 

Physical Sciences Concentration (A minimum of 14 credits)

Students selecting the Physical Sciences concentration will gain specialized knowledge and skills pertaining to environmental chemistry and chemical analysis.  They will be employable as environmental scientists, technicians, and chemists.  Students also will be prepared to continue their education in graduate school.

Choose four of the following courses (lecture and lab combination counts as one course):

CHEM 305 and 307 Organic Chemistry I (lecture + lab) /4 credits

CHEM 306 and 308 Organic Chemistry II (lecture + lab) /4 credits

CHEM 350 Quantitative Analysis/4 credits

CHEM 351 Instrumental Analysis/3 credits

CHEM 372 Environmental Chemistry/3 credits

 

Earth Sciences Concentration (A minimum of 13 credits)

Students selecting the Earth Sciences concentration will gain specialized knowledge and skills pertaining to Earth’s water resources, climate, and processes that shape the physical landscapes. They will be employable as environmental scientists and technicians, soil and water conservationists, and natural hazards analysts. Students also will be prepared to continue their education in graduate school.

Choose four of the following courses:

EASC 261 Meteorology/4 credits

EASC 354 Hydrology/3 credits

EASC 355 Climatology/3 credits

EASC 363 Physical Oceanography/4 credits

EASC 410 Geomorphology/3 credits

EASC 342 Terrestrial Biogeography/4 credits

 

Social Sciences Concentration (A minimum of 12 credits)

Students selecting the Social Sciences concentration will gain specialized knowledge and skills pertaining to the intersection of human activities and conservation. They will be employable as environmental scientists and technicians, managers of environmental outreach and educational programs, land consultants, policy advisors, and eco-tourism guides. Students also will be prepared to continue their education in graduate school.

Choose four of the following courses:

ECON 314 Environmental and Resource Economics/3 credits*

SOCL 260 Environment and Society /3 credits*

ENSC 380 Environmental Law and Policy/3 credits*

GEOG 241 Cultural Geography/3 credits*

ANTH/SOCL 322 Sustainability/3 credits

GEOG 342 Terrestrial Biogeography/4 credits

GEOG 358 Map Design and Analysis/4 credits

GEOG 353 Geography of Virginia/3 credits

HIST 427 Latin American Environmental History/3 credits

HLTH 210 World Health Issues/3 credits

HLTH 400 Environmental Health/3 credits

RECR 420 Environmental Education Resources/3 credits

*ECON 314, SOCL 260, ENSC 380, and GEOG 241 may be used to fulfill requirements in the Social Science Concentration only if they were not taken to fulfill core competencies

 

General Electives/10-14 credits

Total Credits Required for BS in Integrated Environmental Sciences/120 credits

 

 

Environmental Studies Minor

This interdisciplinary minor serves those students majoring in any subject who are interested in environmental science. Environmental science imparts an integrative scientific view of our world by focusing on the interactions of biology, geology, hydrology, and atmospheric sciences. Additionally, environmental science provides critical insight into human interactions with these components. Grades below C- will not apply toward the fulfillment of minor requirements. Students choosing this minor must make appropriate selections from each of the following groups:

*Group A/8 credits

Select one of the following blocks:

BIOL 101 Biological Concepts/4 credits

or

BIOL 121 The Unity of Life/4 credits

BIOL 341 General Ecology/4 credits

or

CHEM 112 Fundamentals of Chemistry II/4 credits

or

CHEM 351 Instrumental Analysis I/4 credits

 

Group B/3 credits

Choose one of the following:

HLTH 310 Environmental Health/3 credits

 

Group C/4 credits

Choose one of the following:

CHEM 101 General Chemistry/4 credits

CHEM 111 Fundamentals of Chemistry I/4 credits

 

Group D/3 credits

Choose one of the following:

ECON 314 Environmental and Resource Economics/3 credits

EASC 354 Hydrology/3 credits

EASC 355 Climatology/3 credits

 

Group E/Take 6 credits from the following:

BIOL 405 Field Mammology/6 credits

BIOL 410 Field Ornithology/6 credits

BIOL 441 Field Ecology/6 credits

BIOL 443 Field Botany/6 credits

 

Total required hours: 24

*Biology majors seeking this minor must take CHEM 112 and 351; Chemistry majors seeking this minor must take BIOL 101/341. All other majors may choose one of the two options indicated in Group A.

 

Internship/Research Form

The following form is required when enrolling for either an internship or a research project for credit.  Please complete as much as possible on a computer, then print and sign the form.  Give the form to the Longwood faculty member who will assign you a grade at the end of the internship (generally your academic advisor).  Hand-in the form before registration closes for the term during which you will complete the internship.  

If you have difficulty opening or using the above form in Microsoft Word, the following version is a PDF with fillable text fields.  

 

EARTH SCIENCE AND GEOGRAPHY PROGRAMS

Earth Science Minor

The Earth Science Program is designed to meet the general education of all students by strengthening their knowledge of the physical environment. The program also provides a solid foundation for those planning to pursue careers in environmental science.

Students interested in pursuing an earth science minor should contact Dr. Joseph Garcia. Grades below C- are not accepted for the minor.

The minor must include:

EASC 300          The Dynamic Planet/3 credits

15 credits of 300 level or higher Earth Science electives

Total required hours:  18 credits

 

Geography Minor

A Geography Minor will add a geographical focus to your study in other programs. It will acquaint you with past and present patterns of landscape development and instill concern for intelligent management of the earth's biophysical resources while providing exposure to contemporary geopolitical issues of international importance.

Students interested in pursuing a Geography Minor should contact Dr. David Hardin.

Grades below C- are not accepted for the minor.

The Geography Minor must include:
GEOG 201 Basic Elements of Geography (3 credits)
GEOG 275 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (4 credits)

 

Choose a minimum of 3 credits from the following:

GEOG 241 Cultural Geography/3 credits

GEOG 354 Hydrology/3 credits

GEOG 355 Climatology/3 credits

GEOG 358 Map Design and Analysis/4 credits

GEOG 410 Geomorphology/3 credits

 

Choose a minimum of 3 credits from the following:

GEOG 220 Geography of South America/3 credits

GEOG 352 World Regional Geography/3 credits

GEOG 353 Geography of Virginia/3 credits

GEOG 403 Geography of Europe/3 credits

GEOG 404 Geography of the U.S. and Canada/3 credits

GEOG 495 Special Topics in Geography (3 credits)

 

6 credits of Geography electives

Total required hours: 19 credits

For more information, view the University Catalogs