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Department of Art 

Homer L. Springer, Jr., Chair
Janet McQueen, Secretary 

The Department of Art at Longwood College is located in the Bedford Art Building, one building in the Fine Arts Complex. The building contains eight multi-purpose studios, a computer lab, an outdoor work area, two exhibition galleries and an auditorium seating 176.
    
The Department of Art also provides aesthetic and cultural enrichment opportunities for the academic community through lectures, workshops and demonstrations by well-known artists and art educators, presents exhibits of student and professional work in two galleries and offers opportunities for members of the community to take courses in studio art, art education and art history. The faculty also supports and encourages aesthetic and cultural opportunities, as well as programs sponsored by the Central Virginia Arts area affiliate of the Virginia Museum and Longwood Center for the Visual Arts.  

ART PROGRAM  

Faculty

Mark S. Baldridge, M.F.A., Professor of Art
Claire Black, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of
Art History
John S. J. Burke, Ed.D., Associate Professor of Interior Architecture
Randall W. Edmonson, M.F.A.,
Professor of Art
Grace Norman, M.F.A., Associate Professor of Art
Christopher M. Register, M.F.A., Assistant
Professor of Graphic Design

Homer L. Springer, Jr., M.Ed., Professor of Art 

The primary educational objective of the Department of Art is to provide quality baccalaureate degree programs in art education, graphic design, interior architecture and the fine arts, with concentrations in art history or studio; to offer a variety of courses that fulfill general education requirements.
    
While a foundation in art techniques, theory and art history is essential, creative expression and development of concepts, values and critical judgment are expected and encouraged. Students choose a field of specialization or concentration, form their own concepts and develop individual methods and directions. The Department of Art emphasizes the humanities and aesthetic judgment, the development of personal expression and the relationship of art in the nature of learning and human development essential for a liberal arts education.
    
The Department encourages students to be creative with ideas, techniques and materials in every aspect of their daily lives. We want our students to be knowledgeable about art history, current art activities, techniques, media, design, the value of art and its role in society and their own personal artistic direction. We expect our students to be productive, self-motivated and to develop discipline and responsibility concerning professional obligations and expectations in the workplace. Finally, we expect our students to be enlightened people, to be appreciative of life, to contribute to the well-being of others and society in general.
    
The Department also offers tailored programs of study for students who wish to minor in studio art or art history. Students interested in a minor in general art or art history should contact the chair for advising.
    
Every attempt has been made to state the major and minor requirements as clearly as possible. However, it is strongly recommended that every student majoring or minoring maintain close communication with the academic advisor assigned in order to plan their program in a fashion best suited to the student's individual goals and needs. The faculty stands ready to assist any student in this regard.
    
Graduation requirements from the Art Department include passing two faculty/student assessment interviews (normally in the freshmen and sophomore years), participation in the annual junior exhibit and a senior exhibition in the Showcase Gallery or project, or a senior art history lecture. Any exception to these graduation requirements must be referred to the Department Chair. The student bears full responsibility for meeting all graduation requirements.
    
In addition, freshman majors are required to take a test registering their knowledge of art which will be repeated in their senior year. These requirements help to assess the effectiveness of the program and insure a quality and relevant education for our majors.
    
Field trips in some lecture and studio classes may involve a nominal cost for the students. Students are required to furnish all necessary supplies and some tools, however, many items are purchased with a studio fee which allows students to benefit from bulk purchases and also have the convenience of the materials being readily available. Fees range from $10 to $60, depending on the class and the materials supplied. A list of these fees is available from the Dean's Office and the Department of Art Office. Any student enrolled in an art class after the end of the "add period" must pay this fee. To avoid the fee, it is imperative that the student be officially withdrawn from the class prior to this deadline. This rule will be strictly enforced and no exceptions made since these funds must be spent early in the semester to insure the availability of student supplies for the classes. Students who withdraw after the deadline will have the option of obtaining their share of the purchased materials. 

Course Requirements 

     All art majors will receive a Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree. The General Education Requirements will be identical for each concentration. Art Department Requirements will vary slightly. 

BACHELOR OF FINE ARTS DEGREE

Visual and Performing Arts
Art Education Concentration
(Leading to Teacher Endorsement)
 

A. General Education Core Requirement/33 credits.  
 See General Education Requirements  
B. Additional Degree Requirements/9  credits.  
See Additional Degree Requirements    
C.   Major Requirements/63 credits.  
(NOTE:  Art Majors cannot use ART 120, ART 121, ART 130, or ART 160 for General Education)    

 

  Major Requirements:             

ART 120 Foundations of Contemporary Design/4 credits          
ART 130 Drawing I/4 credits        
ART 131 Life Drawing/3 credits          
ART 223 Three-Dimensional Design/3 credits  
ART 261 History of Prehistoric Ancient and Medieval Art in the Western World/3 credits   
ART 262 History of Western Art:  Renaissance to Contemporary/3 credits               
ART 362      History of 20th Century Painting and Sculpture/3 credits     
ART 461 Senior Seminar/2 credits 
TOTAL 25 credits  

    

Art Education Concentration:  

ART 155 Basic Processes and Principles of Photography/3 credits
ART 213  Ceramics I/3 credits  
ART 216  Fibers:  Weaving/3 credits  
or ART 217  Fabrics:  Surface Design/3 credits
ART 250 Printmaking I/3 credits  
ART 270 Painting:  Acrylic and Water-Based Media/3 credits
ART 313 Jewelry and Metal Work/3 credits 
ART 381  Sculpture I/3 credits  
ART 441 The Teaching of Art in the Secondary Schools/4 credits
ART 442   The Teaching of Art in the Elementary Schools/4 credits
TOTAL 29 Credits  

Mini-concentration/9 credits.  Select all 9 credits from any one category.
ART HISTORY  
      
  

ART 301 Survey of Western Art in Europe/3 credits
ART 302    Survey of Western Art in Europe/3 credits  
ART 360 Women in the Visual Arts/3 credits   
ART 361 History of Late 18th and 19th Century Painting and Sculpture/3 credits        
ART 363  History of Greek and Roman Art and Architecture/3 credits  
ART 364  History of Renaissance and Baroque Art and Architecture/3 credits  
ART 367  History of Modern Architecture/3 credits  
ART 369 American Art/3 credits  
ART 450   Printmaking Studio/3 credits    

CRAFTS  

ART 110 Crafts/3 credits  
ART 121 Introduction to Environmental Design Issues/3 credits  
ART 214 Ceramics II/3 credits  
ART 218 Design in Stained Glass/3 credits  
ART 224  Design in Wood/3 credits
ART 309    Enamels/3 credits  
ART 324   Papermaking/3 credits  
ART 325 Advanced Design in Wood/3 credits  
ART 406 Ceramics Studio/3 credits  
ART 411 Enamels II/3 credits  
ART 412  Ceramics Studio II/3 credits  
ART 413 Jewelry II/3 credits  
ART 414  Metalsmithing/3 credits
ART 416  Advanced Casting/3 credits  
ART 419 Advanced Jewelry III/3 credits  
ART 422  Advanced Casting II/3 credits    

DRAWING AND PRINTMAKING  

ART 230 Experimental Media in Drawing/3 credits    
ART 251 Printmaking II/3 credits  
ART 330 Illustration/3 credits  
ART 351 Printmaking:  Serigraphy/3 credits  
ART 430 Drawing Studio/3 credits  
ART 450  Printmaking Studio/3 credits  

GRAPHIC DESIGN  

ART 221 Graphic Design I/3 credits  
ART 225    Graphic Art Production I/3 credits  
ART 230 Experimental Media in Drawing/3 credits  
ART 322  Graphic Design II/3 credits  
ART 326 Typography/3 credits  
ART 327  Graphic Art Production II/3 credits  
ART 330 Illustration/3 credits  
ART 355  Manipulation and Color in Photography/3 credits  
ART 455    Electronic Photography/3 credits    

INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE  

ART 101 Introduction to Interior Design/3 credits  
ART 121 Introduction to Environmental Design Issues/3 credits  
ART 230  Experimental Media in Drawing/3 credits  
ART 304  Commercial Interior Design/3 credits  
ART 306 Computers in Interior Design/3 credits  
ART 404  Public Interior Space/3 credits
ART 405 Senior Interior Design Synthesis/3 credits

  PAINTING  

ART 271 Painting:  Oil Media/3 credits
ART 371 Advanced Casting/3 credits  
ART 471  Painting Studio/3 credits    

  PHOTOGRAPHY

ART 221 Graphic Design I/3 credits  
ART 251  Printmaking II/3 credits  
ART 324   Papermaking/3 credits 
ART 330   Illustration/3 credits  
ART 355  Manipulation and Color in Photography/3 credits
ART 455 Electronic Photography/3 credits
ART 456 Photography Studio/3 credits
D. Teacher Endorsement Requirements/15 credits     
EDUC 245 Human Growth and Development/3 credits 
EDUC 260 Introduction to the Teaching Profession/2 credits  
EDUC 480 Measurement and Evaluation Module/2 credit
EDUC 484  Media and Computer Technology Module/1 credits  
EDUC 487 Classroom Management/3 credits  
EDUC 488 Education Seminar/1 credit
EDUC 489 Survey of Exceptional Children/3 credits
*ART 441   Teaching Art in Secondary School/3 credits  
*ART 442 Teaching Art in Elementary School/3 credits  

 

E.     Practicum Requirements/11 credits.  
*ART 441 Teaching Art in Secondary School/1 credit  
*ART 442  Teaching Art in Elementary School/1 credit  
EDUC 403   Directed Elementary Teaching for Art, Music, and Physical Education/6 credits  
EDUC 404  Directed Secondary Teaching for Art, Music, and Physical Education/5 credits  
*(Included in major requirements.)  
F. Total credits required for B.F.A. with a concentration in Art Education (Leading to Teacher Endorsement) - 131  

BACHELOR OF FINE ARTS DEGREE
Visual and Performing Arts
Art History Concentration  

A.   General Education Core Requirements/33 credits
See General Education Requirements 
B. Additional Degree Requirements/9 credits.  
See Additional Degree Requirements  
(3 credits must be foreign language at 202-level or above.
It is strongly recommended that the language be French or German.)
C. Major Requirements/49 credits.  
ART 120 Foundations of Contemporary Design/4 credits  
ART 130 Drawing I/4 credits  
ART 131 Life Drawing/3 credits  
ART 155  Basic Processes and Principles of Photography/3 credits  
ART 223 Three-Dimensional Design/3 credits
ART 261 History of Prehistoric Ancient and Medieval Art in the Western World/3 credits  
ART 262  History of Western Art:  Renaissance to Contemporary/6 credits  
ART 270 Painting:  Acrylic and Water-Based Media/3 credits
Seven art history courses at the 300 or 400 level/21 credits  
ART 461 Senior Seminar/2 credits  
TOTAL 49 credits  

(NOTE: Art Majors cannot use ART 120, ART 121, ART 130, or ART 160 for General Education.

D.  General electives/29 credits
E. Total credits required for B.F.A. with a concentration in Art History - 120    
BACHELOR OF FINE ARTS DEGREE
Visual and Performing Arts
Art Studio Concentration
A.  General Education Core Requirements/33 credits.  
 See General Education Requirements
 
B.   Additional Degree Requirements/9 credits.  
See Additional Degree Requirements  
C.   Major Requirements/67 credits.  

  1. 

 Core Requirements/28 credits  
ART 120  Foundations of Contemporary Design/4 credits  
ART 130       Drawing I/4 credits  
ART 131 Life Drawing/3 credits  
ART 223 Three-Dimensional Design/3 credits  
ART 261   History of Prehistoric Ancient and Medieval Art in the Western World/3 credits  
ART 262  History of Western Art:  Renaissance to Contemporary/3 credits  
ART 362 History of 20th Century Painting and Sculpture/3 credits  
ART HISTORY at the 300 or 400 level/3 credits  
ART 461 Senior Seminar/2 credits  
TOTAL 28 credits  

(NOTE: Art Majors cannot use ART 120, ART 121, ART 130, or ART 160 for    General Education.  

 2. 

Field of Concentration/24 credits  
(Except Graphic Design/36 credits or Interior Architecture/28 credits)  

Crafts:  Required         

ART 155  Basic Processes and Principles of Photography/3 credits      
ART 213 Ceramics I/3 credits  
ART 216   Fibers:  Weaving/3 credits   
or ART 217   Fabrics:  Surface Design/3 credits
ART 218   Design in Stained Glass/3 credits   
ART 224 Design in Wood/3 credits   
ART 313 Jewelry and Metal Work/3 credits   
ART 324  Papermaking/3 credits 

Choice of 3 credits from this list:  

ART 214     Ceramics II/3 credits  
ART 309  Enamels/3 credits   
ART 318 Advanced Stained Glass I/3 credits  
ART 325 Advanced Design in Wood/3 credits  
ART 351   Printmaking:  Serigraphy/3 credits
ART 381 Sculpture I/3 credits  
ART 411  Enamels II/3 credits  
ART 412  Ceramics Studio II/3 credits  
ART 413 Jewelry II/3 credits  
ART 414   Metalsmithing/3 credits  
ART 416  Advanced Casting/3 credits  
ART 417  Gem Stone Cutting and Setting/3 credits  
ART 418   Metal Electroforming/3 credits
or ART 419 Advanced Jewelry III/3 credits  
ART 465  Advanced Crafts I/3 credits  
TOTAL 24 credits  

Drawing and Printmaking

ART 221  Graphic Design I/3 credits  
ART230      Experimental Media in Drawing/3 credits     
ART 250      Printmaking I/3 credits  
ART 251   Printmaking II/3 credits  
ART 270 Painting:  Acrylic and Water-Based Media/3 credits
ART 330  Illustration/3 credits
ART 351 Printmaking:  Serigraphy/3 credits  
ART 355  Manipulation and Color in Photography/3 credits  
TOTAL 24 credits  

Graphic Design

ART 155  Basic Processes and Principles of Photography/3 credits  
ART 221   Graphic Design I/3 credits  
ART 225 Graphic Art Production I/3 credits  
ART 230  Experimental Media in Drawing/3 credits  
ART 250  Printmaking I/3 credits  
ART 270  Painting:  Acrylic and Water-Based Media/3 credits  
ART 322      Graphic Design II/3 credits  
ART 326   Typography/3 credits  
ART 327  Graphic Art Production II/3 credits  
ART 330  Illustration/3 credits  
ART 351  Printmaking:  Serigraphy/3 credits  
ART 355 Manipulation and Color in Photography/3 credits  
TOTAL 36 credits  

Interior Architecture

ART 101 Introduction to Interior Design/3 credits  
ART 121  Introduction to Enviornmental Design Issues/4 credits  
ART 155 Basic Processes and Principles of Photography/3 credits             
ART 230 Experimental Media in Drawing/3 credits  
ART 304 Commercial Interior Design/3 credits  
ART 306 Computers in Interior Design/3 credits  
ART 367 History of Modern Architecture/3 credits  
ART 404 Public Interior Space/3 credits  
ART 405   Senior Interior Design Synthesis/3-6 credits  
TOTAL 28 credits  

Painting

ART 155  Basic Processes and Principles of Photography/3 credits  
ART 250 Printmaking I/3 credits  
ART 270  Painting:  Acrylic and Water-Based Media/3 credits  
ART 271 Painting:  Oil Media/3 credits  
ART 309   Enamels/3 credits  
ART 330  Illustration/3 credits  
ART 351 Printmaking:  Serigraphy/3 credits  
ART 371  Advanced Casting/3 credits  
TOTAL 24 credits    

Photography

ART 155  Basic Processes and Principles of Photography/3 credits
ART 221  Graphic Design I/3credits  
ART 251  Printmaking II/3 credits  
ART 324  Papermaking/3 credits  
ART 330  Illustration/3 credits  
ART 355    Manipulation and Color in Photography/3 credits  
ART 455    Electronic Photography/3 credits  
ART 456      Photography Studio/3 credits  
TOTAL 24 credits  

3. 

Electives Art Studio/15 credits  
(Electives in Graphic Design/3 credits)  
(Electives in Interior Architecture/11 credits)  
D. General electives/11 credits  
E. Total credits required for B.F.A. with a Studio concentration - 120  

MINORS  

Minor in Art History

ART 261 History of Prehistoric Ancient and Medieval Art in the Western World/3 credits  
ART 262  History of Western Art:  Renaissance to Contemporary/3 credits  
 4 ART HISTORY courses at 300 or 400 level/12 credits  
TOTAL 18 credits  

Minor in General Art

ART 120 Foundations of Contemporary Design/4 credits  
ART 130     Drawing I/4 credits  
Choose one of the following:  
ART 223  Three-Dimensional Design/3 credits  
ART 224  Design in Wood/3 credits  
Choose one of the following:  
ART 250 Printmaking I/3 credits  
ART 251  Printmaking II/3 credits  
ART 270 Painting:  Acrylic and Water-Based Media/3 credits
ART 271   Painting:  Oil Media/3 credits  
Choose one of the following:  
ART 155 Basic processes and Principles of Photography/3 credits  
ART 355   Manipulation and Color in Photography/3 credits  
Choose one of the following:  
ART 110 Crafts/3 credits  
ART 213 Ceramics I/3 credits  
ART 216 Fibers:  Weaving/3 credits  
ART 217 Fabrics:  Surface Design/3 credits  
ART 218   Design in Stained Glass/3 credits  
ART 309 Enamels/3 credits  
ART 313  Jewelry and Metal Work/3 credits  
ART 324  Papermaking/3 credits  
Choose one of the following:  
ART 160 Introduction to the Visual Arts/4 credits  
ART 261 History of Prehistoric Ancient and Medieval Art in the Western World/3 credits  
ART 262  History of Western Art:  Renaissance to Contemporary/3 credits
or any 300-400 level ART HISTORY course/3 credits  
TOTAL 23-24 credits  

Minor in Graphic Design

ART 120 Foundations of Contemporary Design/4 credits  
ART 155  Basic Processes and Principles of Photography/3 credits  
ART 221 Graphic Design I/3 credits  
ART 225 Graphic Art Production I/3 credits  
ART 322  Graphic Design II/3 credits  
ART 327   Graphic Art Production II/3 credits  
TOTAL 19 credits  

Minor in Photography

ART 120  Foundations of Contemporary Design/4 credits  
ART 155 Basic Processes and Principles of Photography/3 credits  
ART 221  Graphic Design I/3 credits
ART 355  Manipulation and Color in Photography/3 credits  
ART 455 Electronic Photography/3 credits  
ART 456  Photography Studio/3 credits  
TOTAL  19 credits

 

ART COURSE DESCRIPTIONS  

A special fee is charged for all studio courses.  
General Education Courses *
Writing Intensive Courses **
 

NOTE: We do not guarantee that all courses listed will be offered every year. Many classes are offered every third or fourth semester. For a five-year list of offerings, contact the Art Department. 

Art 101. Introduction to Interior Design. Emphasis is placed on the evaluation and design of residential dwellings. Students acquire the graphic skills needed to illustrate residential designs using basic architectural drawing techniques. 3 credits. 

Art 110. Crafts. An understanding of the basic principles and techniques of functional and decorative hand crafts in various cultures and their humanistic relationship to society. Exploration of a variety of techniques, materials and tools utilized in the production of craft objects. 3 credits.

Art 120. Foundations of Contemporary Design. Understanding the basic principles, vocabulary and visual elements of two-dimensional design through inquiry into the historical sources and terms of creative expression of art in the 20th Century. 4 credits. *

 Art 121. Introduction to Environmental Design Issues. The course will examine variables in built-environmental problems and solutions in our society and the effect that the built-environment has upon the quality and meaning of life. Built-environmental issues will be illustrated with industrial design, interior design, architecture, landscape architecture and urban design/planning. 4 credits. *

Art 130. Drawing I. An introduction to the history, appreciation and fundamentals of drawing as an expressive vehicle. 4 credits. *

Art 131. Life Drawing. Development of concepts, skills and drawing techniques utilizing the human figure. Spring only. 3 credits.

Art 155. Basic Processes and Principles of Photography. An introduction to the basic processes, principles and history of black and white still photography. Students must furnish their own adjustable 35mm cameras. Every semester. 3 credits.

Art 160. Introduction to the Visual Arts (Art Appreciation). An introduction to the basic elements of painting, sculpture, architecture and crafts and their respective roles and contributions to our civilization. 4 credits. *

Art 213. Ceramics I. Forming, decorating, glazing and firing pottery. 3 credits.

Art 214. Ceramics II. Opportunities for deeper involvement with, and exploration of, wheel throwing techniques, hand building processes, as well as glazing and firing of creative ceramic work. Prerequisite: ART 213 and permission of instruction. 3 credits.

Art 216. Fibers:  Weaving.  Study and use of natural, man-made and synthetic fibers in the design and use of on-and off-the-loom weaving processes. Exploration of a variety of basic techniques, including carding and spinning of wool, dyeing of fibers, construction and dressing of looms, and the knotting, braiding and twisting of fibers. 3 credits.

Art 217. Fabrics: Surface Design. Exploration and investigation of traditional and contemporary fabric surface design techniques, including tie-dye, batik, block printing, stencil and stitchery. 3 credits.

Art 218. Design in Stained Glass. Construction of functional and non-functional objects with emphasis on original design and basic forming techniques utilizing stained glass. 3 credits.

Art 221. Graphic Design I. Introduction to the elements of graphic design explored through the print  media of newspapers, magazines, outdoor display systems, and direct mail literature. Emphasis is on format, the dynamics of composition and layout of visual images and typography.  Computer design technology in graphic design is emphasized.   Prerequisite: ART 120. 3 credits.

Art 223. Three-Dimensional Design. Investigation and construction of three-dimensional forms in such media as paper, wire, wood, metal, plastics, rope, and twine. Understanding and designing of forms as they relate to architecture, sculpture and industrial design. Spring only. 3 credits.

Art 224. Design in Wood. Construction of functional and non-functional wood objects with emphasis on original design and basic working techniques, including use of power tools. 3 credits.

Art 225. Graphic Art Production I. Introduction to the technical production of printing visual matter. Emphasis is placed on development of dexterity in electronic layout and reproduction processes through theoretical problem solving. The current computer design applications are used and explored. Prerequisite: ART 221. 3 credits.

Art 230. Experimental Media in Drawing. Exploration of novel and exciting color media suitable for contemporary drawings. Prerequisite: ART 130 and 131 or permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Art 250. Printmaking I. Exploration of traditional and contemporary printmaking techniques, processes and materials, such as collagraphs, woodcuts and linoleum cuts. 3 credits.

Art 251. Printmaking II. Exploration of printmaking as a medium of original expression with emphasis on relief and intaglio processes. 3 credits.

Art 261. History of Prehistoric Ancient and Medieval Art in the Western World. Survey of the arts of ancient and medieval civilizations with emphasis on art as expressive of philosophy and culture. 3 credits. **

 Art 262. History of Western Art: Renaissance to Contemporary. Chronological survey of western art and architecture from the fourteenth century to the present. 3 credits.  **

 Art 270. Painting: Acrylic and Water-Based Media. Fundamentals of painting involved in subject matter, composition, and materials through the use of acrylics and water-based media. Investigation into backgrounds of contemporary painting. Emphasis on individual growth. Open to beginners. 3 credits.

Art 271. Painting: Oil Media. Fundamentals of painting involved in subject matter, composition, and materials through the use of oil-based media. Investigation into backgrounds of contemporary painting. Open to beginners. 3 credits.

ART 292.  Internship in Art.  A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of art.  1-18 credits.

Art 295. Special Topics in Visual Arts. The topics and descriptions will vary from semester to semester. Descriptions will be available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.

Art 301,302. Survey of Western Art in Europe. A 5-week study tour of London, Amsterdam, Paris, Venice, Florence, and Rome designed to provide an in-depth awareness of the great works of art which stand as visual expressions of the intellectual and spiritual aspirations and achievements of man. 9 hours daily; offered every 3 years during summer session. 3 credits each.

 Art 304. Commercial Interior Design. An exploration of specification requirements and procedures for commercial design in retail stores, banks and restaurants through a variety of small to medium scale projects. Prerequisite: ART 101. 3 credits.

Art 306. Computers in Interior Design.  Emphasis will be on the use of computers as design tools in two and three dimensions in interior design. Hands-on instructional and independent exploration in the use of computers in interior design. 3 credits.

Art 309. Enamels. The design and production of vitreous enamels using copper as the metal base. 3 credits.

Art 311, 312. Studies Abroad. Primarily intended for transfer of credit earned abroad in courses on Art. 1-18 credits.

Art 313. Jewelry and Metal Work. Construction of jewelry and objects of silver and other metals with emphasis on original design and basic techniques. 3 credits.

Art 318, 319, 320. Advanced Stained Glass I, II, III. Continued exploration of functional and non-functional stained glass objects with strong emphasis on original designs and independent study. Unique and creative combinations of other media and techniques are encouraged. Each course builds on preceding one depending on individual needs and progress. Prerequisite: ART 218 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.

 Art 322. Graphic Design II. Introduction to typography and electronic art preparation for printed materials. Emphasis is on the development of ideas, concepts, graphic impact and creativity. Prerequisite: ART 221, 225. 3 credits.

Art 324. Papermaking. Molding, dyeing, cutting, tearing, embossing, sewing, creasing and folding of hand-made paper with emphasis on texture, depth and color. 3 credits.

Art 325. Advanced Design in Wood. Advanced construction of functional objects with emphasis on original design and advanced woodworking techniques. Prerequisite: ART 224. 3 credits.

Art 326. Typography. Communication problem solving through the visual media of language. The fundamentals of typography and type design are explored in experimental and practical projects. Prerequisite: ART 221, 225. 3 credits.

Art 327. Graphic Art Production II. A hands-on problem solving approach to the electronic production of printed matter, from idea to finished product, designed to provide the serious student with practical experience in graphic art design and production. Prerequisites: ART 221, 225.  3 credits.

Art 330. Illustration. The history and techniques of illustration as an art form. Prerequisites: ART 130 and 131 or permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Art 341. Art Education in the Elementary Classroom, N, K-8. Lectures, readings and media explorations to introduce students to the importance of art in the integrated program of today's elementary school. Emphasis will be placed on quality programs for grades K-8 using drawing, painting and three-dimensional design, as well as experience in sequential planning and organization. For non-art majors only. 3 credits.

Art 351. Printmaking: Serigraphy. The silk screen process of printing as an aesthetic expression. Prerequisites: ART 120, 250, and 251 or permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Art 355. Manipulation and Color in Photography. An exploration of photography as an art form, using materials and methods for darkroom manipulation and color processes. Refinement of exposure, development and printing will be studied. Prerequisites: ART 120, 155, or permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Art 360. Women in the Visual Arts. A survey of the important role women have played in the history of art from the Middle Ages to the current. 3 credits.

Art 361. History of Late 18th and 19th Century Painting and Sculpture. Study of neo-classicism, revolution, romanticism, realism, the salon and impressionism in painting and sculpture. 3 credits. **

Art 362. History of 20th Century Painting and Sculpture. A study of post-impressionism, expressionism, fauvism, cubism, abstract, dada, surrealism, abstract expressionism, op, pop and current trends in painting and sculpture. 3 credits. **

Art 363. History of Greek and Roman Art and Architecture. 3 credits. **

Art 364. History of Renaissance and Baroque Art and Architecture. 3 credits. **

Art 367. History of Modern Architecture.  A survey of 19th and 20th century architecture. 3 credits. **

Art 369. American Art. Survey from Colonial to 20th Century, including painting, sculpture, architecture and crafts. 3 credits. **

Art 371. Advanced Casting. Advanced painting with emphasis on the exploration of individual style using oils, acrylics, watercolor and mixed media. Prerequisites: ART 270 and 271 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Art 381. Sculpture I. Study of fundamental sculpture principles. Work with a variety of materials. 3 credits.

Art 382. Sculpture II. Continuation of various sculpture techniques in a variety of materials. Prerequisite ART 381. 3 credits.

ART 390.  Directed or Independent Study.  Must be approved by the head of the department.  May be repeated as 391.  1-18 credits.

ART 392.  Internship in Art.  A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of art.  1-18 credits.

Art 404. Public Interior Space. Advanced interior design problems; experimental and innovative concepts; responses to public interior spaces in museums, schools, hospitals, health care centers and offices. Prerequisites: ART 101, 304. 3 credits.

Art 405. Senior Interior Design Synthesis. Emphasis on development of self expression and philosophy of interior design. Student-initiated interior design problems which involve conceptualization as well as programming problems. Application through final design and selective detailing of each project. Prerequisites: ART 101, 304, 404. 3-6 credits.

Art 406. Ceramics Studio I. Independent problems in ceramics. May be continued as 407, 408. Prerequisites: ART 213, 214 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Art 411. Enamels II. Continued exploration of the design and production of vitreous enamels using copper or other metals as a base. May be continued as ART 426, 427, 428, etc., with permission of instructor. Prerequisite: ART 311 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Art 412. Ceramics Studio II. Continued independent problems in ceramics. Prerequisite: Art 213, 214, 406, 407, 408 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Art 413. Jewelry II. Continued exploration of various metals and techniques with strong emphasis on design. May be continued as Art 419, 420 and 421 with permission of instructor. Prerequisites: ART 313 and permission of instructor. Every semester. 3 credits.

Art 414. Metalsmithing. Independent exploration of functional and decorative objects using various metals and forming techniques with strong emphasis on design. Prerequisite: ART 313 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Art 415. Weaving and Textile Studio. Independent concentration in choice of techniques available in weaving and textiles. Prerequisite: ART 216 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Art 416. Advanced Casting. Continued exploration of the casting process with strong emphasis on design and experimentation. May be continued as ART 422, 423 and 424. Prerequisite: ART 313. Every semester. 3 credits.

Art 417. Gem Stone Cutting and Setting. Continued exploration of cutting, polishing, and setting stones with strong emphasis on design. Prerequisite: ART 313. 3 credits.

Art 418. Metal Electroforming. Exploration of functional and decorative application of electroforming in lieu of, or in combination with, additional metal forming techniques. Strong emphasis will be given to design. Prerequisite: ART 313 or permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Art 419. Advanced Jewelry III. Continued exploration of various metals and techniques with strong emphasis on design. Prerequisite: ART 413 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Art 422. Advanced Casting II. Continued exploration of the casting process with strong emphasis on design and experimentation. Prerequisite: ART 416 and permission of instructor. 3 credits. Offered on demand.

Art 430. Drawing Studio. Open to students who have completed Art 130, 131, 230 and 330. The student will select an area of concentration and problems of specialization in media and technique. Permission of instructor required for enrollment. May be continued as ART 431, 432, 433, with permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Art 441. The Teaching of Art in the Secondary Schools. A concentrated study of contemporary practices, theory, technology and materials necessary for the formulation of a meaningful art program in the secondary school. Supervised experience working with secondary school age students in a creative setting. 4 credits. For art majors only.

Art 442. The Teaching of Art in the Elementary Schools. A concentrated study of theory, methods, and materials necessary for the formulation of a meaningful, creative art program in the elementary schools. Supervised experience working with elementary age children in a creative setting. 4 credits. For art majors only.

Art 443. Problems in Art Education. The student will select an area of art education for concentrated study through readings, research, experimentation and/or internship. Permission of instructor required for enrollment. Hours to be arranged. 3 credits.

Art 450. Printmaking Studio. Open to students who have completed ART 120, 130, and 250, and if studying serigraphy or relief and intaglio, must have completed courses in these areas. The student will select an area of concentration and problems of specialization in media and technique. May be continued as ART 451, 452, and 453. Permission of instructor required for enrollment. 3 credits.

Art 455. Electronic Photography. An exploration of electronic still photography as an art form. Image sources, conventional photographic sources and electronic still cameras are studied. Prerequisites: ART 120, 155, and 355, or permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Art 456. Photography Studio. A continued exploration of photography as an art form, including non-silver processes. Students encouraged to pursue a personal position in relation to the medium. Prerequisites: ART 155 and 355. 3 credits.

Art 461. Senior Seminar. Designed specifically for and required of all art major seniors, this course is intended to review, assess and bring into focus the past art experiences and instruction. 2 credits.

Art 465, 466, 467. Advanced Crafts I, II, III. Continued exploration of functional and non-functional craft objects with strong emphasis on original designs and independant study. Students will focus on a specific media or combine unique and creative solutions of a variety of media. Each course builds on the preceding course depending on the student’s needs and progress. Prerequisites: ART 110, 120 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Art 471. Painting Studio. Open to students who have completed 270 or equivalent. May be continued as ART 472, 473, etc. Permission of instructor required for enrollment. 3 credits.

Art 480. Sculpture Studio. Open to students who have completed ART 381 and 382. The student will select media and techniques and set up individual problems. Permission of instructor required for enrollment. May be repeated as ART 481, 482, etc. 3 credits.

ART 490.  Directed or Independent Study.  Must be approved by the head of the department.  1-18 credits.

ART 492.  Internship in Art.  A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of art.  1-18 credits.

Art 495. Special Topics. Selected topics in Art. The topics may vary from semester to semester. Descriptions are available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits. 

Art 496. Art/Craft Apprenticeship Program. An individually tailored program similar to student teaching that allows a student to gain valuable on-the-job experience in any non-teaching art environment. Student must have an art faculty sponsor, approval of department head and apply one semester in advance. Prerequisite: 75 credit hours and a 2.5 GPA. 3, 6, or 9 credits.

 ART 497.  Research Projects in Art.  This course provides students with an opportunity for independent original research in art.  1-3 credits. 

ART 498.  Honors Research in Art.  Students conduct research in art under the direction of a faculty member and the Senior Honors Research Committee.  May be repeated as 499.  3 credits.  

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