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Department of History  
and Political Science

William R. Harbour, Chair
Pearl W. Agee, Secretary  

  The Department of History and Political Science offers major programs culminating in the Bachelor of Arts for History majors and either the Bachelor of Arts or the Bachelor of Science for Political Science majors. History majors may elect the optional concentration in public history, and majors in both fields who are interested in careers in the law may elect the optional pre-law concentrations.  Political Science majors may also elect the optional global politics concentration.  Minor programs in both history and political science are open to all students.
    
The Department strongly encourages Internships, and they are required for those majors pursuing the public history concentration. Qualified majors may avail themselves of Congressional District Office Internships around the state, Internships with the Washington Center and Institute for Experiential Learning in Washington, D.C., and Internships with national and state historical associations, museums, and historical parks.  The Department also sponsors Internships with businesses in addition to a wide variety of state and local government offices. 
     
Qualified students have the chance to participate in the Honors Program and the International Studies Program, and prestigious student research opportunities such as Senior Honors Research Program and the Marshall Scholars Program are available.  Students engaged in extensive research projects and exceptional Internship programs may also qualify for academic awards and financial support from the Fund for Student Research, Internships, and Public History.
      
The major programs in history and political science meet the Collegiate Professional licensure requirements for teaching in Virginia. History and political science majors may be required to complete a comprehensive departmental examination demonstrating academic proficiency in major subjects. Additional requirements for admission to the Teacher Education Program are cited elsewhere in this catalog.
    
The Department is committed to full participation in the college program for the assessment of student outcomes. Accordingly, majors in both history and political science are required to complete all standardized and/or department tests used in the program.  

       History Course Descriptions
Political Science Course Descriptions

HISTORY PROGRAM  

Faculty

David J. Coles, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of History
James W. Crowl, Ph.D.,
Associate Professor of History
Gilbert J. Millar, Ph.D.,
Professor of History
James R. Munson, Ph.D.,
Associate Professor of History
Megan T.  Shockley, Ph.D.,
Assistant Professor of History
Larissa  M. Smith, M.A., A.B.D.,
Instructor of History
Deborah Welch, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of History  

The major in history requires completion of HIST 100 or 110 (whichever is not selected for General Education) and HIST 221 and 222, and 28 credits in additional history courses selected in consultation with a departmental advisor. Students must take HIST 461 (Senior Seminar), and, of the remaining 27 credits required, a minimum of six credits each in American and Non-American history.  Qualified students find Internships with national and state historical associations, museums, historical parks, and a wide range of state and local government offices.
    
Majors in history seeking an endorsement for secondary teaching in Virginia should be thoroughly familiar with the professional education requirements listed elsewhere in this catalog. Majors may choose to undertake one of two tracks: a) secondary education endorsement in history (see section D); OR b) teacher preparation in history and social science.  Those interested in a secondary education endorsement in history following Track A or B complete in their program HIST 300 and at least one course from each of the following 5 categories: a non-Western history course (HIST 200, 314, 325, or 336); POSC 150; GEOG 201 or 241; ECON 111 or 217; and SOCL 101, ANTH 101 or PSYC 101.  To qualify for the secondary student teaching practicum, majors must complete HIST 100 or 110 and HIST 222 with no less than a grade of C in each course. Majors seeking secondary endorsement in history are required to have a cumulative grade point average and departmental major average of at least 2.5 before student teaching.
    
The optional public history  concentration requires completion of HIST 100 or 110 (whichever is not selected for General Education), HIST 221 and 222, and 55 credits in upper-level courses, including 31 hours in history, 9 in archeology/anthropology,  9 in art, and 6 in political science.  Successful completion of an internship is required of all public history majors.
    
The optional pre-law concentration requires completion of HIST 100 or 110 (whichever is not selected for General Education) and HIST 221 and 222, and 46 credits in additional courses, including 22 credits in history, 18 in political science, 3 in psychology, and 3 in accounting. It is also strongly recommended that students add electives in computer science and forensic psychology and take six additional hours in social science courses selected in consultation with their advisor.
    
Major programs in history require completion of a modern foreign language at the 202 level or higher. For those seeking Secondary Education certification, HIST 300 (POSC 300) must be taken in addition to the 37 credits in History stipulated below (in C. Major Requirements).

     Majors are encouraged to take POSC 331 OR 332 to fulfill General Education Goal 10, but may take any approved Ethics course listed under Goal 10.

     No grade below C in major course work is accepted for graduation.  

MINOR IN HISTORY  

Students seeking a minor in history are required to complete 18 credits of work, including History 100 or 110 (whichever is not selected for General Education), HIST 221 and 222, and 9 elective credits in upper-level history courses chosen in consultation with a departmental advisor.  

HISTORY MAJOR, B.A. DEGREE  

A.         General Education Core Requirements. 33 credits.
      
See General Education Requirements  

B.          Additional Degree Requirements. 9 credits.
      
See Additional Degree Requirements  

C.   Major Requirements. 37 credits.

HIST 100 Foundations of Western Civilization/3 credits (satisfies General Education Goal 6)  
HIST 110 Modern Western Civilization/3 credits.  
HIST 221 United States History/3 credits  
HIST 222 United States History/3 credits.  

      American History Electives/6 credits.
Non-American History Electives/6 credits.
Additional History Electives/15 credits.
HIST 461         Senior Seminar/1 credit.  

D.         Secondary Education Endorsement. Grades 6-12. 53 credits.
      
See also Professional Education requirements:
      
Secondary Education Program
      Add-On Endorsements

       Additional certification requirements:

HIST 300 Teaching History and Social Studies in the Secondary School/3 credits        

       Choose one of the following:

HIST 200 History of China/3 credits  
HIST 314   Political History of Africa/3 credits  
HIST 325 History of Latin America/3 credits
HIST 336  History of Japan/3 credits  

         (Note: May count as 3 hours of required electives in major)

POSC 150  American Government and Politics/3 credits  
GEOG 201 Basic Elements of Geography/3 credits  
or GEOG 241       Cultural Geography/3 credits
ECON 111 Contemporary Economic Issues and Social Policy/3 credits  
or ECON 217 Principles of Economics (Micro emphasis)/3 credits  

        Choose one of the following:

SOCL 101 Principles of Sociology/3 credits  
ANTH 101 Introduction to Anthropology/3credits  
PSYC 101 Introduction to Psychology/3 credits  

 

E.        General Electives:

           Non-teaching major/41 credits.      

F.       Total credits required for B.A. in History   - 120
         
Total credits required for B.A. in History with Secondary Education Endorsement   - 125  

HISTORY MAJOR, B.A. DEGREE

Public History Concentration  

A.         General Education Core Requirements. 33 credits.
      
See General Education Requirements  

B.         Additional Degree Requirements. 9 credits.
      
See Additional Degree Requirements  

C.        Major Requirements. 64 credits.

       (Does not include optional internship in Historic Preservation.)

HIST 100  Foundations of Western Civilization3 credits (satisfies General Education Goal 6)
HIST 110  Modern Western Civilization/3 credits  
HIST 221    United States History/3 credits
HIST 222    United States History/3 credits  
HIST 301 American Colonial History/3 credits  
HIST 316 Public History/3 credits  
HIST 317   Historical Editing and Preservation/3 credits  
HIST 318   Museum Studies/3 credits  
HIST 319 Archival Management/3 credits  
HIST 402  American Historiography/3 credits  
HIST 405   Virginia History/3 credits  
HIST 461 Senior Seminar/1 credit  
HIST 492  Internship in Public History/3 credits  

       Elective:                  Take three hours of American History (300 level or above)

       Elective:                  Take three hours of History (300 level or above)

ANTH 296 Field Methods in Archaeology/6 credits  
ANTH 320 Folklore/3 credits  
ART 101 Introduction to Interior Design/3 credits  
or ART 367 Modern Architecture/3 credits  
ART 155  Basic Photography/3 credits  
ART 369   American Art/3 credits  
POSC 216 State and Local Government/3 credits  
POSC 370    Public Administration/3 credits  

D.    General Electives:  14 credits.  

E.   Total credits required for B.A. in History with concentration in Public History   -  120  

HISTORY MAJOR, B.A. DEGREE

Pre-Law Concentration  

A.  General Education Core Requirements. 33 credits.
See General Education Requirements  

B.   Additional Degree Requirements. 9 credits.
See Additional Degree Requirements  

C.   Major Requirements. 52 credits.

HIST 100 Foundations of Western Civilization/3 credits (satisfies General Education Goal 6)  
HIST 110 Modern Western Civilization/3 credits  
HIST 221   United States History/3 credits  
HIST 222          United States History/3 credits          
HIST 357 England Before the Tudors, 55 B.C. To 1485/3 credits  
HIST 455 Constitutional History of the United States/3 credits  
HIST 461 Senior Seminar/1 credit  

       History Electives/9 credits

POSC 150 American Government and Politics/3 credits
POSC 216   American State and Local Government/3 credits  
POSC 230 Administration of Criminal Justice/3 credits  
POSC 331   Political Philosophy/3 credits  
POSC 332  Political Philosophy/3 credits
POSC 355     Constitutional Rights and Liberties/3 credits  
or POSC 356 Constitutional Rights and Liberties/3 credits  
PSYC 101 Introduction to Psychology/3 credits  
ACCT 240  Principles of Accounting I/3 credits  

       Choose one of the following three courses:            

HIST 305  Modern America, 1914 1945/3 credits  
HIST 306  Modern America, 1945-present/3 credits
HIST 310 American Social and Intellectual History/3 credits  

  D.  General Electives: 26 credits.

      Pre-law students are advised that they should present at least a 3.0 GPA (as well as a good  LSAT score) to the law school admissions committee in order to be competitive law school applicants.  

E.    Total credits required for B.A. in History with concentration in Pre-Law   - 120    

Teacher Preparation in History And Social Science  

A.  General Education Core Requirements. 33 credits.
     
See General Education Requirements  

      Students who do not take these courses for General Education goals 7, 8 and 10 must take them as general electives, in order to satisfy licensure requirements.

GEOG 201 Basic Elements of Geography/3 credits (goal 7)  
SOCL 101   Principles of Sociology/3 credits  
or PSYC 101   Introduction to Psychology/3 credits (goal 8)  
POSC 332  Political Philosophy/3 credits (goal 10)  

B.  Additional Degree Requirements. 9 credits.
     
See Additional Degree Requirements      

C.  Major Requirements. 51 credits.

HIST 100  Foundations of Western Civilization/3 credits (satisfies General Education Goal 6)  
HIST 110  Modern Western Civilization/3 credits  
HIST 221 United States History/3 credits  
HIST 222 United States History/3 credits  
HIST 300 Teaching History and the Social Sciences in the Secondary School/3 credits  

       Choose six credits from the following US History courses:

HIST 301  American Colonial History/3 credits  
HIST 302 The Early National Period of the United States/3 credits  
HIST 303  Civil War and Reconstruction/3 credits  
HIST 304 The Emergence of Modern America/3 credits  
HIST 305  Modern America, 1914-1945/3 credits  
HIST 306   Modern America, 1945-present/3 credits  
HIST 308  United States Diplomatic History  
HIST 309 American Social and Intellectual History/3 credits  
HIST 310  American Social and Intellectual History/3 credits  
HIST 313 History Through Film/3 credits  
HIST 317 Introduction to Historic Preservation/3 credits  
HIST 318          Introduction to Museum Studies/3 credits  
HIST 320 African-American History/3 credits  
HIST 322     The American West/3 credits  
HIST 405  Virginia History/3 credits  
HIST 406 The Old South/3 credits  
HIST 455 Constitutional History of the United States/3 credits  

       Choose six credits from the following European History courses:

HIST 351 Medieval Europe/3 credits  
HIST 352 Renaissance and Reformation/3 credits  
HIST 354    The French Revolution and Napoleon/3 credits  
HIST 355 Europe in the 19th Century, 1815-1914/3 credits  
HIST 356 Europe in the 20th Century, 1900-present/3 credits  
HIST 357 England Before the Tudors, 55 B.C. to 1485/3 credits  
HIST 358      France Since 1815/3 credits  
HIST 359  Russian History to 1894/3 credits  
HIST 360 Russian History Since 1894/3 credits  
HIST 463  European Historiography/3 credits  
HIST 465 Tudor/Stewart England, 1485-1714/3 credits  
HIST 466 Georgian England, 1714-1815/3 credits  
HIST 468 European Intellectual History from the Enlightenment/3 credits  

       Choose six credits from the following Non-Western History courses:

HIST 200 History of China/3 credits  
HIST 314 Political History of Africa/3 credits  
HIST 325 History of Latin America/3 credits  
POSC 314  Political History of Africa/3 credits  
POSC 337    Asian Governments and Politics/3 credits  
POSC 375 Latin American Politics and Government/3 credits  
POSC 395 African Politics and Government/3 credits  

      Choose six credits from the following:

POSC 343 American Foreign Policy/3 credits  
POSC 350  The American Presidency/3 credits  
POSC 355  Constitutional Rights and Liberties/3 credits  
POSC 356  Constitutional Rights and Liberties/3 credits  
POSC 455  Constitutional History of the United States/3 credits  

      Take all of the following courses:

GEOG 241 Cultural Geography/3 credits  
GEOG 242 Economic Geography/3 credits  
POSC 150  American Government and Politics/3 credits  
POSC 216 American State and Local Government/3 credits  

        Take three credits from the following:

ECON 111 Contemporary Economic Issues and Social Policy/3 credits  
ECON 217    Principles of Economics (Micro Emphasis)/3 credits  

D.  Secondary Education Licensure Grades 6-12. 35 credits
     
See also Professional Education requirements section pages ???
 

E.   Total credits required for B.A. in History/Social Science with Secondary Education Endorsement - 128  

History Course Descriptions
Political Science Course Descriptions

POLITICAL SCIENCE PROGRAM  

Faculty

David S. Calihan, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Political Science
William R. Harbour, Ph.D.,
Associate Professor of Political Science

Lehlohonolo Tlou, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Political Science  

The major in political science requires completion of HIST 100 or 110 (whichever is not selected for General Education), HIST 222, and POSC 150 and 216, and 31 credits in additional work in political science.  Qualified majors may avail themselves of Congressional District Office Internships around the state, Internships with the Washington Center and Institute for Experiential Learning in Washington, D.C., law offices, businesses, and a wide variety of state and local government offices. 
    
Majors in political science seeking an endorsement for secondary teaching in Virginia should be thoroughly familiar with the professional education requirements listed elsewhere in this catalog. Majors may choose to undertake one of two tracks: a) secondary education endorsement in history (see section E); OR b) teacher preparation in history and social science.  Those interested in a secondary education endorsement in political science must include in their program POSC 300 and at least one course from each of the following 5 categories: a non-Western history course (HIST 200, 314, 325, or 336); POSC 150; GEOG 201 or 241; ECON 111 or 217; and SOCL 101, ANTH 101 or PSYC 131. To qualify for the secondary student teaching practicum, majors must complete POSC 150 and 216 with no less than a grade of B in 150 and C  in 216. Majors seeking teaching endorsement are required to have a cumulative grade point average and a departmental major average of at least 2.5 before student teaching. The optional pre-law concentration requires completion of HIST 100 or 110 (whichever is not taken for General Education credit), HIST 222, and POSC 150 and 216, and 34 credits in additional courses, including 25 credits in political science, 3 in history, 3 in psychology, and 3 in accounting. It is also strongly recommended that students add electives in forensic psychology (PSYC 430) and writing skills (ENGL 382) and take six additional hours of work in social science courses selected in consultation with a departmental advisor.

     The optional global politics concentration requires 46 credits as outlined below.

     Political science majors may earn either the Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts degree.  For Teacher Preparation in History and Social Science, please see History major.             

MINOR IN POLITICAL SCIENCE  

The minor in Political Science requires completion of POSC 150 and 216 and of 12 credits of additional courses in political science chosen in consultation with a departmental advisor.  

POLITICAL SCIENCE MAJOR, B.A., B.S. DEGREE  

A.            General Education Core Requirements. 33 credits.
               
See General Education Requirements  

B.            Additional Degree Requirements, B.A. degree. 9 credits.
               
Additional Degree Requirements, B.S. degree. 10 credits.
               
See Additional Degree Requirements  

C.            Major Requirements. 43 credits.

HIST 100 Foundations of Western Civilization/3 credits (satisfies General Ed Goal 6)  
HIST 110 Modern Western Civilization/3 credits  
HIST 222 United States History/3 credits  
POSC 150 American Government and Politics/3 credits  
POSC 216   American State and Local Government/3 credits  
POSC 331  Political Philosophy/3 credits  
POSC 332 Political Philosophy/3 credits  
POSC 370 Public Administration/3 credits  
POSC 455  Constitutional History of the United States/3 credits  
POSC 461 Senior Seminar/1 credit  

      Choose one of the following:

POSC 230 Administration of Criminal Justice/3 credits  
POSC 355 Constitutional Rights and Liberties/3 credits  
POSC 356     Constitutional Rights and Liberties/3 credits  

     Choose one of the following:  

POSC 343  American Foreign Policy/3 credits  
POSC 441 International Relations/3 credits  
POSC 442   International Law and Organizations/3 credits  

     Choose one of the following:  

POSC 314    Political History of Africa/3 credits  
POSC 335 Western European Politics and Government/3 credits  
POSC 336 Russian and Eastern European Government and Politics/3 credits  
POSC 337 Asian Government and Politics/3 credits  
POSC 375   Latin American Politics and Government/3 credits  
POSC 395 African Politics and Government/3 credits  

Political Science Electives/9 credits  

D.          Secondary Education Endorsement. Grades 6-12/50 credits.
      
See also Professional Education requirements:
      
Secondary Education Program
      Add-On Endorsements

      
Additional certification requirements:

POSC 300 Teaching History and the Social Sciences in the Secondary School/3 credits  
GEOG 201 Basic Elements of Geography/3 credits  
or GEOG 241 Cultural Geography/3 credits
ECON 111 Contemporary Economic Issue and Social Policy/3 credits  
or ECON 217 Principles of Economics (Micro Emphasis)/3 credits  

      Choose one of the following:

HIST 200 History of China/3 credits  
HIST 314 Political History of Africa/3 credits  
HIST 325 History of Latin America/3 credits  
HIST 336 History of Japan/3 credits  

      Choose one of the following:

SOCL 101 Principles of Sociology/3 credits  
ANTH 101 Introduction to Anthropology/3 credits  
PSYC 101 Introduction to Psychology/3 credits  

E.          General Electives:
      
B.A. Political Science (Non-teaching)/35 credits.
      
B.S. Political Science (Non-teaching)/34 credits.       

F.          Total credits required for B.A., B.S. in Political Science   -  120
      
Total credits required for B.A., B.S. in Political Science with Secondary Education Licensure -  134-135
 

POLITICAL SCIENCE MAJOR, B.A., B.S. DEGREE

Pre-Law Concentration  

A.         General Education Core Requirements. 33 credits.
      
See General Education Requirements  

B.          Additional Degree Requirements, B.A. Degree. 9 credits.
      
Additional Degree Requirements, B.S. Degree. 10 credits.
      
See Additional Degree Requirements   

C.          Major Requirements. 46 credits.

POSC 150 American Government and Politics/3 credits  
POSC 216  American State and Local Government/3 credits  
POSC 230 Administration of Criminal Justic/3 credits  
POSC 331  Political Philosophy/3 credits  
POSC 332  Political Philosophy/3 credits  
POSC 355 Constitutional Rights and Liberties/3 credits  
or POSC 356 Constitutional Rights and Liberties/3 credits  
POSC 455 Constitutional History of the United States/3 credits  
POSC 461 Senior Seminar/1 credit  

Political Science Electives/9 credits

HIST 100 Foundations of Western Civilization/3 credits (satisfied General Education Goal 6)  
HIST 110 Modern Western Civilization/3 credits  
HIST 222   United States History/3 credits  
PSYC 101 Introduction to Psychology/3 credits  
ACCT 240  Principles of Accounting I/3 credits  

Choose one of the following:

HIST 305 Modern America, 1914-1945/3 credits  
HIST 306  Modern America, 1945-present/3 credits  
HIST 310 American Social or Intellectual History/3 credits  
HIST 357 England Before the Tudors, 55 B.C. to 1485/3 credits        

D.          General Electives: 31/32 credits.
      
PSYC 430 is strongly recommended.

       Pre-law students are advised that they should present at least a 3.0 GPA (as well as a good LSAT score) to the law school admissions committees in order to be competitive law school applicants.  

E.   Total credits required for B.A., B.S. in Political Science with a concentration in Pre-Law   -  120  

POLITICAL SCIENCE MAJOR, B.A.  DEGREE

Global Politics Concentration  

A.    General Education Core Requirements. 33 credits.
See General Education Requirements        

B.   Additional Degree Requirements, B.A. degree. 9 credits.
 
See Additional Degree Requirements  

C.   Major Requirements. 46 credits

       1.   Core Political Science Courses (18 credits)

POSC 150 American Government and Politics/3 credits  
POSC 331 Political Philosophy/3 credits  
POSC 332 Political Philosophy/3 credits  
POSC 343 American Foreign Policy/3 credits  
POSC 441 International Relations/3 credits  
POSC 442 International Law and Organizations/3 credits    

     2.    Regional and Area Studies (18 credits)

         Choose 18 credits from the following:

POSC 314 Political History of Africa/3 credits  
POSC 335 Western European Politics and Government/3 credits  
POSC 336 Russian and Eastern European Government and Politics/3 credits  
POSC 337 Asian Government and Politics/3 credits  
POSC 375 Latin American Politics and Government/3 credits  
POSC 395 African Politics and Government/3 credits  
HIST 356   Europe in the Twentieth Century, 1900 to the Present/3 credits

3.    International Political Economy (3 credits)

Choose three credits from the following:

ECON 306 Economic Development/3 credits  
ECON 310 Comparative Economic Systems/3 credits  
ECON 319 International Economics/3 credits    

4.    Transnational Community and Issues (6 credits)

            Choose six credits from the following:

POSC 245 Gender and Politics/3 credits  
GEOG 242  Economic Geography/3 credits  
GEOG 352 World Regional Geography/3 credits  
GEOG 444 Political Geography/3 credits    

         5.   Senior Seminar (1 credit)

POSC 461              Senior Seminar/1 credit  

D.   General Electives: 32 credits.  

E.   Total credits required for B.A. in Political Science with a Concentration in Global Politics - 120  

History Course Descriptions

Political Science Course Descriptions

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