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PHYSICAL EDUCATION COURSE DESCRIPTIONS 

General Education Courses *
Writing Intensive Courses ** 

PHED 101. Total Fitness Through Exercise. Examination of issues dealing with physical and mental well-being, and participation in physical activities that can improve physical and mental well-being. 2 credits. * 

Choose one of the following sections:
Total Fitness through Aerobic Exercise
Total Fitness through Aerobic Dance
Total Fitness through Cycling
Total Fitness through Multiple Activities
Total Fitness through Restricted Activity
Total Fitness through Swimming
Total Fitness through Water Aerobics
Total Fitness through Weight Training
 

Physical Education Activity Classes 

To enroll in the beginning level the student should have little or no prior experience in the sport. Enrollment in the intermediate and advanced levels requires successful completion of a beginning class or meeting the prerequisites listed. The instructor reserves the right to evaluate the level of skill and make assignments as to the appropriate level. 

Physical Education 102. Beginning Fencing. Instruction in guard position, foot-work, basic defense and offensive skills. Emphasis on fencing with "foil" and an overview of epee. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 103. Beginning Gymnastics. An introduction to beginning tumbling and apparatus skill. Emphasis is placed on correct technique and form. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 104. Beginning  Tennis.  Beginning instruction in the fundamental skills of forehand, backhand, serve and volley. Competitive play in women's and men's singles and doubles. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 105. Beginning  Lacrosse/Field Hockey. Instruction in the basic lacrosse skills of throwing, cradling, stick handling, loose ball pick-up, checking and goal play, and the field hockey skills of passing, dribbling, scoring, tackling and strategies of offensive and defensive play and interpretation of rules. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 106. Downhill Skiing. Instruction in the basic skills of traversing hill, snowplow, stopping and parallel turns. Fee charged. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 107. Beginning Bowling. Beginning instruction in the fundamentals of approach, release, arm swing, picking up spares, methods in scoring, rules, and etiquette on the lanes. Interclass competition with handicaps. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 108. Beginning Golf. Beginning instruction in techniques in putting, short approach shots, and the full swing with irons and woods. Course includes rules and etiquette of golf. Students play at the Longwood Golf Course. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 109. Beginning Volleyball. Instruction in the basic skills of serving, bump, dig, set and spike. Team defensive and offensive strategies and rules are included. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 110. Non-Swimming. Emphasis on physical and mental adjustment to the water through basic swimming and rescue skills. Prerequisites: uncomfortable in water and unable to swim one width of the pool. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 111. Beginning Swimming. Development of the five (5) basic strokes and basic rescue skills. Prerequisites: able to swim a width of the pool on the front and back, but uncomfortable in deep water. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 113. Beginning Synchronized Swimming. Instruction in rhythmic swimming, figures and sculling techniques. Performance of basic routine to music. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 114. Beginning Scuba Diving. Instruction in scuba diving skills in preparation for open water dives and certification. (Fee charge.) 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 117. Beginning Canoeing. Basic river paddling skills in canoeing culminating in river trip(s) in class I and class II white water. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 120. Beginning Racquetball. Basic skills and rules of the sport applied to the games of singles, doubles, and 3 player racquetball. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 121. Beginning Archery. Instruction in the basic skills of bracing and embracing the bow, stance, grip, bow arm, nocking, drawing and anchoring, and aiming. Emphasis on fundamental skills and shooting form. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 122. Basketball. Instruction in the fundamentals of individual and team offensive and defensive skills and their applications to the game of basketball. The rules and basic officiating techniques are incorporated. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 123. Beginning Equitation. Beginning instruction in balance seat (hands, seat, feet and leg position). Proper method of groom, saddle, bridle, mount and dismount. Fee charged: $140.00. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 124. Camping Skills. Instruction in the basic camping skills such as tent pitching, firebuilding, site selection, meal planning, and trip planning. Students will plan and participate in a weekend camping experience. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 125. Beginning Archery and Badminton. Instruction of the basic skills relating to shooting the arrow and including good form. Instruction in the basic skills and techniques of badminton for singles, doubles and mixed doubles play. A semester course with half the semester in archery and half in badminton. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 126. Beginning Yoga. Instruction in physical (Hatha) postures with the incorporation of breath control and conscious relaxation. Emphasis on stress management, increased vitality and physical well-being. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 128. (DANCE 128). Beginning Social and Recreation Dance. Beginning instruction in the fundamental skills of square dance, folk dance, novelty and contemporary rhythms and in the social dance steps, rhumba, tango, samba, Lindy and fox trot. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 129 (DANCE 129). Beginning Ballet. Dance techniques that evolved over the past five centuries, combined with freer contemporary techniques. It includes barre work: plie, tendu, rond de jambe; center combinations: glissade, assemble; and combinations across the floor: saute and soutenu. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 130 (DANCE 130). Beginning Jazz. Dance style based on a combination of African and European influences which has developed into the dance form seen on Broadway, film and television. Basic skills include stretching exercises for strength and flexibility, isolations and syncopated movements such as rib isolation, kicks, jump turns, and jazz runs. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 131 (DANCE 131). Beginning Modern Dance. Instruction in creative or interpretive dance utilizing specific stretching exercises and movement such as leaps, walks, bends, and turns. Emphasis on performing short dances and creating dances which can be performed with or without music. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 133 (DANCE 133). Ballroom and Social Dance. Introduces the student to the steps, rhythms, and body positions that are fundamental to ballroom and social dances. Dances that will be taught include, but are not limited to the following: waltz, fox trot, cha-cha-cha, tango, rumba, shag, and electric slide. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 134. Track and Field. Instruction in basic track and field events, rules, workouts, and testing. 1 credit.  

Physical Education 136 (DANCE 136). International Folk Dance. Performance of dances from selected countries and early American culture, and an examination of the influence of the culture upon a country's folk dance and costume. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 137. Orienteering. Fundamental skills for traveling outdoors by map, compass, and observation, and an introduction to orienteering as a competitive cross country sport. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 140. Windsurfing. Introduction to windsurfing, including how to select equipment, rig and care for the board, points of sail, nomenclature and safety. Practical experience will include basic sailing skills--tacking, jibing, beating, reaching and running--and manipulating the rig in and out of water. Prerequisite: able to swim 100 yards. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 202. Intermediate Fencing.  Review of the basic skills. Emphasis on competitive fencing. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 204. Intermediate Tennis. Instruction in spin serve, lob and advanced drive placement. Emphasis on singles and doubles playing strategies. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 207. Intermediate Bowling. Emphasis on improving the basic skills and introduction of the hook delivery. Prerequisites: women--bowl an average of 120; men--bowl an average of 135. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 208. Intermediate Golf. Advanced instruction and practice with the full swing, short game and putting. Emphasis on advanced techniques and strategies related to ball control, sand shots, course management and psychological aspects of the game. Prerequisites: score below 90 on regulation 18 hole golf course or permission of instructor.  1 credit. * 

Physical Education 209. Intermediate Volleyball. Review of the basic skills, offenses and defenses, strategies and rules. Instruction in intermediate to advance play and skills. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 211. Intermediate Swimming. Instruction designed to improve skill in mastery of five basic strokes, water safety skills and diving. Prerequisites: able to swim the length of the pool using three (3) different strokes. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 213. Intermediate Synchronized Swimming. Junior level synchronized swimming. Figures and choreography of a routine. Prerequisite: pass screening test. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 214. Advanced Open Scuba and Coral Reef Ecology. Held on Atlantic coral reefs leading to certification in Advanced Open Water (PADI) and Reef Ecology (YMCA). Prerequisite: ten (10) logged dives. (Fee charge.) 2 credits. * 

Physical Education 217. Intermediate Canoeing. Development of river paddling skills such as peel out, surfing, ferring, and eddy turns on class II and class III white water. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 223. Intermediate Equitation. Instruction in the fundamentals of position and control with emphasis on security with the walk, trot, and canter. Basic hunter exercises of circles, turns, transition and cross-country riding. (Fee charge.) 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 224. Outdoor Skills. Develop the technical skills and knowledge necessary for participation in back country trips, backpacking, rappelling, rock climbing, orienteering, equipment, clothing and first aid. Prerequisite: Beginning Camping or permission of instructor. 2 credits. * 

Physical Education 228 (Dance 228). Intermediate Social and Recreation Dance. Advanced instruction in square dance, folk dance, novelty and contemporary rhythms and in the social dance steps. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 229 (Dance 229). Intermediate Ballet. Emphasis on improving ballet skills and on allowing further opportunities for creating and learning dances. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 230 (Dance 230). Intermediate Jazz. Emphasis on improving jazz dance skills and on allowing further opportunities for creating and learning dances. 1 credit. * 

Physical Education 231 (Dance 231). Intermediate Modern Dance. Emphasis on improving modern dance skills and on allowing further opportunities for creating and learning dances. 1 credit. * 

The following activity courses do not satisfy general education requirements, but may be taken as electives. 

Physical Education 112. Water Aerobics. Exercising in the water to music for the purpose of improving muscular strength, flexibility, slimness and especially aerobic fitness as well as overall swimming ability. 1 credit. 

Physical Education 116. Beginning Weight Training. An introductory course with emphasis on current issues dealing with weight training. The student will learn and workout with various weight training programs and apply the principles to his/her individual workouts. The course employs basic techniques in proper lifting with safety procedures involved. 1 credit. 

Physical Education 118. Cycling. An introductory activity course with emphasis upon the history and development of the modern bicycle, selection and properly fitting the bicycle to the rider, development of good riding skills, maintenance of the bicycle and knowledge and adherence to correct safety procedures. The class emphasizes the fitness and leisure application of cycling. 1 credit. 

Physical Education 127 (DANCE 127). Aerobic Dancing. An aerobic activity which combines different styles of music with vigorous jazz and modern dance movements to increase cardiorespiratory fitness. In addition to performing choreographed routines, students receive instruction in monitoring heart rate, injury prevention and a variety of other topics relevant to body/mind wellness. 1 credit. 

Physical Education 141. Aerobic Fitness and Weight Control. Instruction and participation in aerobic exercises and their relationship to personal health, physical fitness and weight control. 1 credit. 

Physical Education 212. Life-guarding and Emergency Water Safety. Instruction in lifesaving, first aid, CPR and lifeguard techniques leading to certification by the American Red Cross. Prerequisite: pass screening test. 2 credits. 

Physical Education 216. Advanced Weight Training. Knowledge of the basic fundamentals and further training in athletic preparation, power lifting, body building and fitness/figure control. 1 credit. 

Physical Education 241. Advanced Aerobics. Instruction and participation in aerobic activities for students with good cardiovascular endurance. The emphasis is on long distance training and its effect on the body systems. 1 credit. 

Physical Education 314. Fitness Swimming. Emphasis on competitive stroke with workouts designed for endurance and speed. 1 credit. 

Physical Education 315. Water Safety Instructor. Methods of teaching and indepth analysis of swimming and personal safety skills leading to American Red Cross certification as a swimming instructor. Prerequisite: pass screening test. 2 credits. 

End of activity courses section. 

Physical Education 150. Fitness Education. Students in this course will examine issues relating to the teaching of physical fitness in the public schools and will participate in a wide range of fitness activities. These issues include the definition of physical fitness, fitness related to stages of development, and assessment of physical fitness. The main focus of the course, however, will be on the participation in fitness activities that are appropriate for use in educational settings, including aerobic dance. 1 credit. 

Physical Education 175. Introduction to the Profession of Health and Physical Education. An introductory course designed to acquaint students with the health and physical education profession and allied fields. Students will be introduced to the health and physical education major at Longwood College and address specific major requirements. 1 credit. 

Physical Education 275. Foundations of Physical Education And Sport. Survey of the historical philosophical bases of health and physical education. 3 credits. ** 

Physical Education 280. Motor Development. Movement changes throughout the lifespan and their implications for the curriculum in physical education. 3 credits. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 292.  Internship in Physical Education.  A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of physical education.  1-18 credits. 

Physical Education 295. Special Topics in Physical Education. Selected topics in physical education which will vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits. 

Physical Education 311, 312. Studies Abroad. Primarily intended for transfer of credit earned abroad in courses on physical education. 1-18 credits. 

Physical Education 350. Skill Acquisition and Analysis I:  Team Sports. The purpose of this course is to provide learning experiences that will lead to the development of basic skills in team sports. In addition to skill acquisition, the course will focus on how to plan the four stages of games skill development through the use of extending, refining, and application tasks. An emphasis will be placed on the use of the games stages and movement framework as a guide for designing a variety of sport games experiences for the grades 5-12 student. 3 credits. 

Physical Education 351. Skill Acquisition and Analysis II:  Educational Gymnastics and Dance. The purpose of this course is to provide learning experiences that will lead to the development of basic skills in educational gymnastics and dance. The course will focus on how to plan, develop and implement gymnastic movements, routines, dance steps and sequences. 3 credits. 

Physical Education 352. Skill Acquisition and Analysis III: Lifetime Activities. The purpose of this course is to provide learning experiences that will lead to the development of fundamental skills used in lifetime activities and expertise in teaching. The course will focus on how to plan for the four stages of game skill development. 3 credits. 

Physical Education 362. Organization and Administration of Intramurals. Practice and theory in organizing and administering intramurals. 3 credits. 

Physical Education 364. Adapted Physical Education. Symptoms, causes and implications of various types of disabilities in relation to programming. Techniques in individual educational planning, activity adaptation and classroom organization. 3 credits. 

Physical Education 380. Sport Pedagogy I: The Orientation to Teaching. The aim of this course is to orient the student to the teaching process, to increase the student's understanding of the dimensions of effective teaching and to improve the student's teaching skills and teaching strategies through practice under appropriate and controlled conditions. Prerequisite: PHED 280 or consent of instructor. 3 credits. 

Physical Education 381. Sport Pedagogy II:  An Analysis and Design of Motor Skills. The aim of this course is to assist the student in understanding the teaching-learning process and how to analyze and evaluate the instructional process which includes organizing the learning environment, presenting progressive learning tasks to students and providing learner feedback. Prerequisite: PHED 380. 3 credits. 

Physical Education 382. Sport Pedagogy III: Curriculum Development and Application in Physical Education. This course is designed to orient the student in the process of curriculum construction in physical education for both the elementary and secondary school programs; to provide the student with experiences in teaching and in systematic observation and analysis of teaching. Prerequisites: PHED 380, 381. 3 credits. 

Physical Education 385. Sport Psychology. An examination of the psychological dimensions which influence an athlete's skill acquisition and performance in the competitive environment. 3 credits. 

Physical Education 386. Biomechanics. The analysis of human movement with an emphasis on the knowledge and methods of mechanics applied to the structure and function of the human system. This course provides a knowledge base for a systematic analysis of motor skills and exercise regimes as well as practical experience in applying knowledge to the analysis of a performer and/or performance. Prerequisite: Biology 207. For Physical Education majors unless prior approval received. 4 credits. ** 

Physical Education 387. Physiology of Exercise. Lecture and laboratory experiences in the physiological responses of the body to the physical activity in everyday life and in sports. Prerequisites: Biology 206 and Biology 207. 4 credits. 

Physical Education 389. Elementary School Health and Physical Education. Health and physical education principles and activities for the elementary school. For elementary majors. 3 credits. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 390.  Directed or Independent Study.  Must be approved by the head of the department.  May be repeated as 391.  1-18 credits. 

Physical Education 392. Fitness Internship. An 8-10 week supervised field experience (minimum of 320 clock hours). The internship will take place during the summer between the junior and senior years. To be eligible for participation the student must be of junior standing, enrolled in the fitness specialist option and have an overall GPA of 2.0. Prerequisites: PHED 387, 486. 8 credits. 

Physical Education 393, 394, 395, 396. Principles and Techniques of Officiating. The study of current roles and practices in the techniques of officiating. (393-Field Hockey; 394-Gymnastics; 395-Volleyball; 396-Basketball) 1 credit. 

Physical Education 397. Mechanical and Physiological Principles of Sport and Exercise. The physiological responses of the body to exercise and the mechanical principles of human movement. Designed for students other than physical education majors; physical education majors may not take this course. 3 credits. 

Physical education 398. Ethics in Sport and Physical Education. An examination of the basic philosophic issues concerning ethics and moral reasoning and how these issues relate to sport. Students will be encouraged to develop their ability to make informed ethical choices and decisions relating both to sport and to their own personal and professional lives. This course is designed for all students of any major Junior or Senior Status. 3 credits. * 

Physical Education 462. Organization and Administration of Health and Physical Education Programs. Administrative theory applicable to a variety of settings including education, industry, health clubs, Y's. 3 credits. ** 

Physical Education 463. Assessment and Evaluation in Health and Physical Education. Contemporary practice and theory in assessment of performance in health and physical education in the NK-12 setting. This includes strategies for selection, administration, and evaluation of assessment tools in health-related fitness, skill and motor performance, the cognitive domain, measuring affective behavior, as well as grading performances. 3 credits. 

Physical Education 470. Research in Health, Physical Education and Recreation. Methods, techniques, and application of the research process related to a variety of functions typically found in health, physical education, and recreation professions. Designed to acquaint students with practical and applicable tools emphasizing research methodology and elementary data treatment through practical experiences, including computer use. 3 credits.** 

Physical Education 482. Directed Teaching in Elementary and Secondary Physical Education and Health. Students are placed in elementary and secondary schools where they are responsible for the planning and delivery of instruction in the areas of health and physical education. 50 percent of the experience is spent at the elementary level (k-6) and 50 percent at the secondary level (6-12). The experience is directed by a cooperating teacher(s) and a Longwood College supervisor. 12 credits. 

Physical Education 483. Seminar in Teaching. A seminar to examine the influence societal and educational factors have on education and teaching.  Topics will include the historical purposes of education, current issues influencing education, and ways in which physical education and health are influenced by these larger issues. 2 credits.** 

Physical Education 485. Motor Learning and Control. Processes and conditions influencing the acquisition and performance of motor skills. 3 credits.  

Physical Education 486, 487. Practicum. Supervised experience in one or more of the following areas of the professional curriculum: teaching, coaching, and fitness specialist. Credit & hours to be arranged. 6 credits maximum. Prerequisite: Permission of the Instructor. 

Physical Education 488. Advanced Fitness Concepts. An in-depth, advanced study of selected topics in exercise and physical fitness. Emphasis is placed on a review of current literature and the development of various techniques for the evaluation of physical fitness. Prerequisites: PHED 386, 387, 486 or permission of instructor. 3 credits. 

Physical Education 490. Independent Study. Must be approved by the head of the department.  May be repeated.  1-18 credits. 

Physical Education 492. Internship.  A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of physical education. 1-18 credits. 

Physical Education 495. Special Topics in Physical Education. Selected topics in physical education which will vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.  Prerequisites: Permission of the Instructor. 

Physical Education 496. Coaching Interscholastic and Intercollegiate Athletics. A seminar course to include the following topics: the role of athletics in the education setting, the organization and administration of athletics on the interscholastic and intercollegiate levels, the role of the teacher/coach, and special issues in athletics. 3 credits. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 497.  Special Projects  in Physical Education. Independent study and research projects for qualified students. 1-3 credits. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 498.  Honors Research in Physical Education.  Students conduct research in physical education under the direction of a faculty member and the Senior Honors Research Committee.  May be repeated as 499.  3 credits. **

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