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General Education Course *
Writing Intensive Course **

Anthropology 101. Introduction to Anthropology. The origins, evolution, and present biological and cultural diversity of the human species using data from the fossil record, archaeological artifacts, the structure of languages, and behavior and world-view of people living in other cultures. 3 credits. *

Anthropology 106/women’s studies 106. Introduction to Women’s Studies. The course will introduce students to literature in the social sciences by and about women. We will explore key roles which women play in society, how they have questioned these roles, and contributions which women make in different societies. We will read about women in our own and other societies as a way to explore these questions. 3 credits. * **

Anthropology 202. Archaeology. A survey course of the techniques used to locate, survey, sample and excavate prehistoric and historic archaeological sites. The analysis of artifacts and features, typing of collection of stone tools and pottery, and case studies of well known archaeological sites from various culture areas of the world. 3 credits.

Anthropology 203. Physical Anthropology. An analysis of prehistoric and contemporary humans as physical organisms. The study of human origins and evolution from 5 million years ago to the present. The study of variation in human populations in characteristics such as skin color, blood type, susceptibility to diseases, and adaptations to extremes of cold, heat, and altitude. 3 credits.

Anthropology 204. Language and Culture. The analysis of language with stress on the dependence of language upon its sociological context. A survey of linguistic variability, social dialectology, language change, and ethnolinguistic analysis. 3 credits.

Anthropology 205. Human Life in the Prehistoric World. An examination of the behavior and values likely to have been central to human groups in prehistoric times. The seminar approach will be employed with continual student dialog based on readings. Collections of stone tools and pottery shards will be analyzed in class. 3 credits.

ANTHROPOLOGY 280.  Archaeological Laboratory Methods. This course provides a basic introduction to archaeological laboratory methods as well as illustration. Instruction in the essential elements of any archaeological lab will provide the student with the necessary knowledge to undertake the basic organization and analysis of data recovered from an archaeological site. 3 credits.

ANTHROPOLOGY 292.  Internship in Anthropology.  A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of anthropology.  1-18 credits.

Anthropology 295. Special Topics. Recommended when the student desires to pursue a specialized topic in depth. Must have permission of department chair and instructor directing the course. Cumulative GPA must be 2.50 or higher to be eligible. 3 credits.

Anthropology 296. Field Methods in Archaeology. The skills necessary to excavate historic and prehistoric sites and to recognize and recover archaeological artifacts. The site work consists of learning the techniques of excavation, mapping, soil analysis, the recovery, washing and analysis of prehistoric stone tools and historic artifacts, and the interpretation of stratigraphy. Offered during summer session. 6 credits.

Anthropology 311, 312. Studies Abroad. Primarily intended for transfer of credit earned abroad in courses on anthropology. 1-18 credits.

Anthropology 314. Indians of North America. Descriptions, comparisons, and analysis of past and present Indian cultures. Possible origins of the various North American Indian tribes will also be discussed and will be supported by the use of archaeological and linguistic data. 3 credits. **

Anthropology 315. South American Indians. A survey course of archaeological and ethnographic focusing on hunter-gatherer and horticulturalist Indian groups. The effects of social-cultural change in contemporary Indian life will be a major component of the course. 3 credits.

Anthropology 316. People of Africa. An analysis of the human cultures of pre-historic and contemporary Africa. Archaeological and linguistic data will be used to trace the biological and cultural relationships among contemporary African societies. 3 credits. **

Anthropology 317. Peoples of the Pacific. Historical and contemporary descriptions of the varieties of peoples and cultures in Polynesia, Micronesia, and Melanesia. 3 credits. **

Anthropology 320. Folklore. The oral techniques used in literate and non-literate cultures to pass traditions from generation to generation. The forms and functions of folktales, proverbs, curses, folk-songs, riddles, ceremonies, folk art, and games in Western and non-Western culture. 3 credits.

Anthropology 321 (SOCIOLOGY 321). Supernatural Belief Systems. An investigation of the social aspects of religion, its forms of organization, and its relationships to other institutions. 3 credits.

Anthropology 325 (SOCIOLOGY 325). Women and Society. An introduction to the study of women’s roles, contributions, and perception of society through readings in anthropology and sociology. The focus will be on the effects of gender, race and ethnicity in the lives of women. Prerequisite: SOCL 101 or 102. 3 credits.

ANTHROPOLOGY 350.  Advanced Archaeology. This course provides students with in-depth exposure to advanced archaeological practices such as the development of research proposals, pre-excavation planning, excavation management, surveying methods involving a transit or theodolite, mapping, photography, and computer applications in archaeology.  Students will also be involved in preparations for upcoming projects to be conducted by the Longwood Archaeology Field School. Prerequisite: ANTH 202 and ANTH 296. 3 credits.

Anthropology 355 (SOCIOLOGY 355). The Community. Review of theories of community and analysis of representative community studies. 3 credits.

Anthropology 383. Occupational and Career Anthropology. An overview of job and career opportunities in anthropology. Course topics include applying for jobs, planning for graduate study, and development of a résumé. 1 credit.

ANTHROPOLOGY 390.  Directed or Independent Study.  Must be approved by the head of the department.  May be repeated as 391.  1-18 credits.

ANTHROPOLOGY 392.  Internship in Anthropology.  A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of anthropology.  1-18 credits.

Anthropology 410. Research Methods in Cultural Anthropology. The methods employed by anthropologists in their gathering and analysis of material of the behavior of people living in other cultures. Methods surveyed include participant observation, analysis of speech patterns, collection of genealogies, mapping, collection of oral histories, semantic analysis and the eliciting of symbol systems. 3 credits.

ANTHROPOLOGY 450.   Archaeological Theory and Cultural Resource Management.  This course provides students with detailed knowledge of both the theoretical and practical issues facing archaeologists today.  By participating in seminar-style discussions students will explore a wide range of topics from the history of archaeology and the beginnings of "archaeological theory" to the most current cultural resource management practices.  The course offers students the opportunity to delve into topics such as theoretical archaeology including competing schools of thought and various proponents of important ideas and concepts; cultural resource management, including various laws and policies in the U.S. and Virginia; archaeological curation & museum presentation; estimating and bidding archaeological projects; and post-excavation analysis and report preparation. Prerequisite: ANTH 350. 3 credits.

Anthropology 455 (SOCIOLOGY 455). Social Change. The study of significant alterations in the organization of society and in patterns of values, norms, and behavior over time. Explores the social and economic development associated with modernization and industrialization and various sources of change found in technology, social structure, population, the environment, and cultural innovation. 3 credits.

Anthropology 460. Anthropological Theory. The history of theory and models in anthropology. An overview of the intellectual “schools” which have affected research in the past and a survey of present models in anthropological thinking. 3 credits. **

Anthropology 461. Senior Seminar in Anthropology. A seminar for senior anthropology majors, designed to integrate knowledge of specific subfields into a comprehensive view of anthropology and its role in relation to other sciences. Open only to senior anthropology majors. 3 credits. * **

Anthropology 490. Independent Study. Individualized study. 1-18 credits.

Anthropology 492. Internship in Anthropology. Directed student learning in applied settings, that permits a practiced, supervised experience. Students learn through performance in meaningful tasks in a variety of social environments. May be repeated. Prerequisite: 18 hours of anthropology. Student’s cumulative GPA must be 2.50 or above to be eligible for internship. Must be arranged in advance with program director or department chair. No more than 15 total credits may be earned. Variable credit: 3-15 hours per semester.

Anthropology 495. Special Topics. Recommended when the student desires to pursue a specialized topic in depth. Must have permission of department chair and instructor directing the course. Cumulative GPA must be 2.50 or higher to be eligible. 3 credits.

Anthropology 496. The Organization and Execution of Archaeological Fieldwork. Advanced students with experience in basic field methods in archaeology learn the skills necessary to organize and supervise the execution of archaeological excavations. Students will serve as assistants to the Director of an ongoing excavation and will aid in the design of the field strategy, intra-site sampling techniques, site mapping, and artifact and feature plotting and recording. Offered during summer session. 6 credits.

Anthropology 497. Fieldwork in South American Archaeology. This course is designed to expose students to the skills and methods needed to excavate prehistoric sites and to recover and analyze artifacts and features. Students will have the opportunity to work in laboratory as well as field settings. Prerequisite: Permission of Instructor. 6 credits.

ANTHROPOLOGY 498.  Honors Research in Anthropology.  Students conduct research in anthropology under the direction of a faculty member and the Senior Honors Research Committee.  May be repeated as 499.  3 credits. **

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