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BIOLOGY PROGRAM 

Faculty
David W. Buckalew, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Biology
Lynn M. Ferguson, Ph.D., Professor of Biology
Alix
Fink, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Biology
Camilla M. Hodgson, M.S., Lecturer in Biology
Dana P. Johnson, M.S., Lecturer in Biology
Mary E. Lehman, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Biology
Donald A. Merkle, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Biology and
Director of Health Pre-Professional Programs
Anthony Palombella, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Biology and Biology Area Coordinator
Timothy W. Stewart, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Biology
William A. Velhagen, Jr., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Biology 

The biology major at Longwood provides fundamental training in many areas of the biological sciences so that graduates may pursue graduate study or careers in research, industry, teaching, medicine, dentistry, or allied health fields. To provide a broad background in the biological program, each student must take the unity of life, the diversity of life,  evolution, genetics, ecology, ethics of biology and unifying biological principles. In addition, students must choose to specialize in one of the following tracks: Molecular, Ecology, Organismic or Health. The Health Track is restricted to those students who plan to pursue a career in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, or other health-related areas. A student who is in another major may obtain a biology minor. The minor program requires 8 semester hours at the introductory level, 8 hours at the 200 level or above, 4 hours at the 300 level or above, and 4 hours of electives for a total of 24 semester hours. Students are encouraged to enroll in a program of honors study or in a research project in biology. No grade below C- on biology courses is accepted for the graduation requirements for the major or minor in biology. 
       A student may seek a secondary teaching endorsement in biology. This program consists of all courses required of a biology major and EDUC 245, 260, 265, 380, 430, 455, 484, 487, 489, SCED 352, and the professional semester consisting of 12 hours in the senior year. If an additional endorsement in chemistry, earth science, or physics is desired, the student must minor in that discipline and meet all state- mandated core requirements for that endorsement. 

BIOLOGY MAJOR, B.A., B.S. DEGREE 

A.  General Education Core Requirement. 32 credits.
See General Education Requirements  

B.   Additional Degree Requirements for B. S. Degree (beyond science courses).
Mathematics/Computer Science/3 credits
Social Science/3 credits.
Additional Degree Requirements for B. A. Degree.
Foreign Language/3 credits
Humanities/6 credits.

C. Major Requirements. 63 credits.
Core Curriculum (required of all biology majors)
BIOL 121 The Unity of Life/4 credits
BIOL 122 The Diversity of Life/4 credits
BIOL 324  Genetics/4 credits  
BIOL 341 General Ecology/4 credits  
BIOL 399 Evolution/3 credits
BIOL 400  Unifying Biological Principles/3 credits  
BIOL 485 The Ethics of Biology/1 credit  
CHEM 111 Fundamentals of Chemistry I/4 credits  
CHEM 112  Fundamentals of Chemistry II/4 credits
CHEM 305 Organic Chemistry I/4 credits  
CHEM 306 Organic Chemistry II/4 credits
PHYS 102  General Physics/4 credits
Biology majors must choose one of the following tracks:
Ecology:
BIOL 300 Biostatistics and Experimental Design/4 credits
BIOL 360 Terrestrial Ecology/4 credits 
or BIOL 361 Aquatic Ecology/4 credits
One field course except BIOL 541 Field Ecology/6 credits
BIOL electives/6 credits
Molecular: 
BIOL 304 Microbiology/4 credits 
BIOL 412 Biochemistry/4 credits 
BIOL 426 Cell Biology/4 credits
 Biology electives/8 credits
Organismic:
BIOL 202 Animal Morphology/4 credits  
BIOL 306 Vertebrate Physiology/4 credits  
BIOL 307 Plant Form and Function/4 credits  
Biology electives/8 credits
Health:
BIOL 206 Human Anatomy and Physiology/4 credits  
BIOL 207 Human Anatomy and Physiology/4 credits
BIOL 304  Microbiology/4 credits
BIOL 412 Biochemistry/4 credits  
Biology Electives/4 credits
The health track is designed for students planning further graduate-level study leading to a health career, such as medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, nursing.

D.  General Electives B.A. Degree (non-teaching majors)/16 credits
      General Electives B.S. Degree (non-teaching majors)/19 credits  

E.   Secondary Teaching Endorsement, Grades 6-12. 41 credits
Must take SCED 352/3 credits and EASC 300/3 credits in addition to Professional educational requirements:
Secondary Education Program
 Add-On Endorsements

    *For additional endorsement to teach Chemistry
Minor in Chemistry/24 hours. See Minor in Chemistry

     *For additional endorsement to teach Earth Science
 Minor in Earth Science/24 hours. See Minor in Earth Science  

     *For additional endorsement to teach Physics
  Minor in Physics/24 hours. See Minor in Physics  

    *Students seeking endorsement in these areas must meet criteria established by the State Department of Education.  

F.   Total Credits Required for B.A. or B.S. in Biology   - 120
Total Credits Required for B.A. in Biology with Secondary Teaching Endorsement   - 145
Total Credits Required for B.S. in Biology with Secondary Teaching Endorsement   - 142
Total Credits Required for B.A. or B.S.  in Biology with Secondary Teaching Endorsement and an endorsement in either Chemistry, Earth Science or Physics  -  166/169
 

BIOLOGY MINOR  

Students who are interested in pursuing a biology minor should contact the area coordinator. The minor must include:

BIOL 121 The Unity of Life/4 credits  
BIOL 122 The Diversity of Life/4 credits  
8 semester hours of biology at the 200 level or above.
4 semester hours of biology at the 300 level or above.
4 semester hours of biology electives
TOTAL/24 credits 

        No grade below C- is accepted in fulfilling the Biology minor requirement.

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES MINOR  

This interdisciplinary minor serves those students majoring in any subject who are interested in beginning an understanding of environmental issues. Grades below C- will not apply toward the fulfillment of minor requirements. Students choosing this minor must make appropriate selections from each of the following groups:  

*Group A/8 credits
Select one of the following blocks:
BIOL 101 Biological Concepts/4 credits  
or BIOL 121 The Unity of Life/4 credits  
BIOL 341 General Ecology/4 credits 
or CHEM 112  Fundamentals of Chemistry II/4 credits  
CHEM 351 Instrumental Analysis I/3 credits  

Group B/3 credits
Choose one of the following:

BIOL 364 Man and the Environment/3 credits
HLTH 310 Environmental Health/3 credits  

Group C/4 credits
Choose one of the following:

CHEM 101 General Chemistry/4 credits
CHEM 111 Fundamentals of Chemistry/4 credits  
Group D/3 credits
Choose one of the following:
ECON 314 Environmental and Resource Economics/3 credits
EASC 354 Hydrology/3 credits
EASC 355  Climatology/3 credits
Group E/Take 6 credits from the following:
BIOL 500 Field Ornithology/6 credits  
BIOL 505 Field Mammology/6 credits  
BIOL 541 Field Ecology/6 credits  
BIOL 543 Field Botany/6 credits  
ENST 520  Stream Processes and Landforms/6 credits  

Total required hours: 24  

*Biology majors seeking this minor must take Chemistry 112 and 351; Chemistry majors seeking this minor must take Biology 101/341.  All other majors may choose one of the two options indicated in Group A.

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