||Department of Art
Christopher M. Register, Chair
The Department of Art at Longwood is located in the Bedford Art Building, one building in the Fine Arts Complex. The building contains eight multi-purpose studios, a computer lab, an outdoor work area, two exhibition galleries and an auditorium seating 176.
The Department of Art also provides aesthetic and cultural enrichment opportunities for the academic community through lectures, workshops and demonstrations by well-known artists and art educators, presents exhibits of student and professional work in two galleries and offers opportunities for members of the community to take courses in studio art, art education and art history. The faculty also supports and encourages aesthetic and cultural opportunities, as well as programs sponsored by the Central Virginia Arts area affiliate of the Virginia Museum and Longwood Center for the Visual Arts.
Mark S. Baldridge, M.F.A.,
Professor of Art
The primary educational objective of the Department of Art is to provide quality baccalaureate degree programs in art education, graphic design, and the fine arts, with concentrations in art history or studio; to offer a variety of courses that fulfill general education requirements.
While a foundation in art techniques, theory and art history is essential, creative expression and development of concepts, values and critical judgment are expected and encouraged. Students choose a field of specialization or concentration, form their own concepts and develop individual methods and directions. The Department of Art emphasizes the humanities and aesthetic judgment, the development of personal expression and the relationship of art in the nature of learning and human development essential for a liberal arts education.
The Department encourages students to be creative with ideas, techniques and materials in every aspect of their daily lives. We want our students to be knowledgeable about art history, current art activities, techniques, media, design, the value of art and its role in society and their own personal artistic direction. We expect our students to be productive, self-motivated and to develop discipline and responsibility concerning professional obligations and expectations in the workplace. Finally, we expect our students to be enlightened people, to be appreciative of life, to contribute to the well-being of others and society in general.
The Department also offers tailored programs of study for students who wish to minor in studio art or art history. Students interested in a minor in general art or art history should contact the Department Chair for advising.
Every attempt has been made to state the major and minor requirements as clearly as possible. However, it is strongly recommended that every student majoring or minoring maintain close communication with the academic advisor assigned in order to plan their program in a fashion best suited to the student’s individual goals and needs. The faculty stands ready to assist any student in this regard.
To satisfy major requirements for graduation, students majoring or minoring in art must earn a grade no less than C in all art courses. Any exception to these graduation requirements must be referred to the Department Chair. The student bears full responsibility for meeting all graduation requirements.
Additionally, as a graduation requirement, all students must participate in, and pass, four annual portfolio assessments.
First Portfolio Assessment: This assessment will determine the student’s eligibility to continue in the Art Department.
Second Portfolio Assessment Students must also pass this assessment to continue in their area of concentration and/or the Art Department
Third Portfolio Review: Students must pass this assessment to participate in the fourth portfolio review.
Fourth Portfolio Review: Students must pass this assessment to graduate.
These assessments will be conducted annually. Any student failing an assessment will be eligible to retake it the following year. Students may only participate in one assessment per year. In addition, freshman majors are required to take a written assessment of their overall knowledge of art, which will be repeated in their senior year. These requirements help to assess the effectiveness of the program will determine each student’s eligibility to continue in the art program, and insure a quality and relevant education for our majors.
In order to graduate in a minimum of two years, students must have completed the following foundations studio courses prior to admission to the university.
Art 120 Foundations of Contemporary
All other transfer students should expect to graduate in a minimum of three years.
Field trips in some lecture and studio classes may involve a nominal cost for the students. Students are required to furnish all necessary supplies and some tools, however, many items are purchased with a studio fee which allows students to benefit from bulk purchases and also have the convenience of the materials being readily available. Fees range from $10 to $70, depending on the class and the materials supplied. A list of these fees is available from the Dean’s Office and the Department of Art office. Any student enrolled in an art class after the end of the “add period” must pay this fee. To avoid the fee, it is imperative that the student be officially withdrawn from the class prior to this deadline. This rule will be strictly enforced and no exceptions made since these funds must be spent early in the semester to insure the availability of student supplies for the classes. Students who withdraw after the deadline will have the option of obtaining their share of the purchased materials.
All art majors will receive a Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree. The General Education Requirements will be identical for each concentration. Art Department requirements will vary slightly.
BACHELOR OF FINE ARTS DEGREE
Visual and Performing Arts
Art Education Concentration
(Leading to Teacher Endorsement)
A. General Education Core
B. Additional Degree Requirements/6
C. Major Requirements/56 credits.
Art Education Concentration:
Mini-concentration/9 credits. Select all 9 credits from any one category.
DRAWING AND PRINTMAKING
D. Teacher Endorsement Requirements/17 credits
E. Practicum Requirements/14 credits.
F. Total credits required for
B.F.A. with a concentration in Art Education
BACHELOR OF FINE ARTS DEGREE
Visual and Performing Arts
Art History Concentration
A. General Education Core
B. Additional Degree Requirements/6
C. Major Requirements/47 credits.
D. General electives/26 credits.
E. Total credits required for B.F.A. with a concentration in Art History - 120.
BACHELOR OF FINE ARTS DEGREE
Visual and Performing Arts
Art Studio Concentration
A. General Education Core
B. Additional Degree Requirements/6
C. Major Requirements/62 credits.
1. Core Requirements/23 credits.
2. Field of Concentration
Drawing and Printmaking
3. Electives Art Studio
E. Total credits required for B.F.A. with a Studio concentration - 120
Minor in Art History
Minor in General Art
Minor in Graphic Design
Minor in Photography
ART COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
†A special fee is charged for all studio courses.
General Education Courses *
NOTE: We do not guarantee that all courses listed will be offered every year. Many classes are offered every third or fourth semester. For a five-year list of offerings, contact the Art Department.
Art 101. Introduction to Interior Architecture. Emphasis is placed on the evaluation and design of residential dwellings. Students acquire the graphic skills needed to illustrate residential designs using basic architectural drawing techniques. 3 credits.
Art 110. Crafts. An understanding of the basic principles and techniques of functional and decorative hand crafts in various cultures and their humanistic relationship to society. Exploration of a variety of techniques, materials and tools utilized in the production of craft objects. 3 credits.
Art 120. Foundations of Contemporary Design. Understanding the basic principles, vocabulary and visual elements of two-dimensional design through inquiry into the historical sources and terms of creative expression of art in the 20th Century. 3 credits.
Art 121. Introduction to Environmental Design Issues. The course will examine variables in built-environmental problems and solutions in our society and the effect that the built-environment has upon the quality and meaning of life. Built-environmental issues will be illustrated with industrial design, interior design, architecture, landscape architecture and urban design/planning. 3 credits. *
Art 125. Introduction to Studio Art. An introduction to basic processes, principles and historical methods of creating 2 and 3 dimensional art. Exploration of a variety of techniques, materials and tools utilized in the production of works of art. 3 credits. *
Art 130. Drawing I. An introduction to the history, appreciation and fundamentals of drawing as an expressive vehicle. 3 credits.
Art 131. Life Drawing. Development of concepts, skills and drawing techniques utilizing the human figure. Spring only. 3 credits.
Art 155. Basic Processes and Principles of Photography. An introduction to the basic processes, principles and history of black and white still photography. Students must furnish their own adjustable 35mm cameras. Every semester. 3 credits.
Art 160. Introduction to the Visual Arts (Art Appreciation). An introduction to the basic elements of painting, sculpture, architecture and crafts and their respective roles and contributions to our civilization. 3 credits. *
Art 213. Ceramics I. Forming, decorating, glazing and firing pottery. 3 credits.
Art 214. Ceramics II. Opportunities for deeper involvement with, and exploration of, wheel throwing techniques, hand building processes, as well as glazing and firing of creative ceramic work. Prerequisite: ART 213 or permission of instructor. 3 credits.
Art 216. Fibers: Weaving. Study and use of natural, man-made and synthetic fibers in the design and use of on-and off-the-loom weaving processes. Exploration of a variety of basic techniques, including carding and spinning of wool, dyeing of fibers, construction and dressing of looms, and the knotting, braiding and twisting of fibers. 3 credits.
Art 217. Fabrics: Surface Design. Exploration and investigation of traditional and contemporary fabric surface design techniques, including tie-dye, batik, block printing, stencil and stitchery. 3 credits.
Art 218. Design in Stained Glass. Construction of functional and non-functional objects with emphasis on original design and basic forming techniques utilizing stained glass. 3 credits.
Art 221. Graphic Design I. Introduction to the elements of graphic design explored through the print media of newspapers, magazines, outdoor display systems, and direct mail literature. Emphasis is on format, the dynamics of composition and layout of visual images and typography. Computer design technology in graphic design is emphasized. Prerequisite: ART 120. 3 credits.
Art 223. Three-Dimensional Design. Investigation and construction of three-dimensional forms in such media as paper, wire, wood, metal, plastics, rope, and twine. Understanding and designing of forms as they relate to architecture, sculpture and industrial design. Spring only. 3 credits.
Art 224. Design in Wood. Construction of functional and non-functional wood objects with emphasis on original design and basic working techniques, including use of power tools. 3 credits.
Art 225. Graphic Art Production I. Introduction to the technical production of printing visual matter. Emphasis is placed on development of dexterity in electronic layout and reproduction processes through theoretical problem solving. The current computer design applications are used and explored. Prerequisite: ART 221. 3 credits.
Art 230. Experimental Media in Drawing. Exploration of novel and exciting color media suitable for contemporary drawings. Prerequisite: ART 130 and 131 or permission of instructor. 3 credits.
Art 250. Printmaking I. Exploration of traditional and contemporary printmaking techniques, processes and materials, such as collagraphs, woodcuts and linoleum cuts. 3 credits.
Art 251. Printmaking II. Exploration of printmaking as a medium of original expression with emphasis on relief and intaglio processes. 3 credits.
ART 254. Color Photography. An introduction to color photography with an emphasis on technical skills and creative image making. This course will use traditional color materials in combination with digital input and output devices. Students will develop a working knowledge of basic digital color correction tools. 3 credits Prerequisites: Art 155 or permission of instructor.
ART 255. Intermediate Photography. This is further study of exposure and printing techniques for high quality black and white darkroom photography. Students will also explore methods for alternative darkroom processes in black and white photographic prints. 3 credits. Prerequisite: Art 155.
ART 256. Digital Photography. An introduction to digital still photography. This course focuses on the creative application of digital photography as a fine art medium. Students will use Adobe Photoshop to explore a wide range of image editing possibilities. Through critiques, lectures, demonstrations and experimentation students will gain a critical and technical understanding of the medium. 3 credits. Prerequisites: Art 155 and Art 254 or permission of instructor.
Art 261. History of Prehistoric Ancient and Medieval Art in the Western World. Survey of the arts of ancient and medieval civilizations with emphasis on art as expressive of philosophy and culture. 3 credits. **
Art 262. History of Western Art: Renaissance to Contemporary. Chronological survey of western art and architecture from the fourteenth century to the present. 3 credits. **
Art 270. Painting: Acrylic and Water-Based Media. Fundamentals of painting involved in subject matter, composition, and materials through the use of acrylics and water-based media. Investigation into backgrounds of contemporary painting. Emphasis on individual growth. Open to beginners. 3 credits.
Art 271. Painting: Oil Media. Fundamentals of painting involved in subject matter, composition, and materials through the use of oil-based media. Investigation into backgrounds of contemporary painting. Open to beginners. 3 credits.
ART 292. Internship in Art. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of art. 1-18 credits.
Art 295. Special Topics in Visual Arts. The topics and descriptions will vary from semester to semester. Descriptions will be available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.
Art 301,302. Survey of Western Art in Europe. A 5-week study tour of London, Amsterdam, Paris, Venice, Florence, and Rome designed to provide an in-depth awareness of the great works of art which stand as visual expressions of the intellectual and spiritual aspirations and achievements of man. 9 hours daily; offered every 3 years during summer session. 3 credits each.
Art 304. Commercial Interior Architecture. An exploration of specification requirements and procedures for commercial design in retail stores, banks and restaurants through a variety of small to medium scale projects. Prerequisite: ART 101. 3 credits.
ART 306. Computer & Construction Documentation in Interior Architecture. A comprehensive and systematic overview of construction systems, technologies, materials and computer application in interior architecture. 3 credits.
Art 309. Enamels. The design and production of vitreous enamels using copper as the metal base. 3 credits.
Art 311, 312. Studies Abroad. Primarily intended for transfer of credit earned abroad in courses on Art. 1-18 credits.
Art 313. Jewelry and Metal Work. Construction of jewelry and objects of silver and other metals with emphasis on original design and basic techniques. 3 credits.
Art 318, 319, 320. Advanced Stained Glass I, II, III. Continued exploration of functional and non-functional stained glass objects with strong emphasis on original designs and independent study. Unique and creative combinations of other media and techniques are encouraged. Each course builds on preceding one depending on individual needs and progress. Prerequisite: ART 218 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.
Art 322. Graphic Design and Production II. A hands on problem solving approach to the production of printed matter, from idea to finished product, designed to provide the serious student with practical experience in graphic art design and production. Emphasis is on the development of ideas, concepts, graphic impact and creativity and us of technology in the production of printed and digital media. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ART Majors 120,221,225 ART Minors 125, 221, 225
Art 324. Papermaking. Molding, dyeing, cutting, tearing, embossing, sewing, creasing and folding of hand-made paper with emphasis on texture, depth and color. 3 credits.
Art 325. Advanced Design in Wood. Advanced construction of functional objects with emphasis on original design and advanced woodworking techniques. Prerequisite: ART 224. 3 credits.
Art 326. Typography. Communication problem solving through the visual media of language. The fundamentals of typography and type design are explored in experimental and practical projects. Prerequisite: ART 221, 225. 3 credits.
Art 330. Illustration. The history and techniques of illustration as an art form. Prerequisites: ART 130 and 131 or permission of instructor. 3 credits.
Art 341. Art Education in the Elementary Classroom, N, K-8. Lectures, readings and media explorations to introduce students to the importance of art in the integrated program of today’s elementary school. Emphasis will be placed on quality programs for grades K-8 using drawing, painting and three-dimensional design, as well as experience in sequential planning and organization. For non-art majors only. 3 credits.
Art 351. Printmaking: Serigraphy. The silk screen process of printing as an aesthetic expression. Prerequisites: ART 120, 250, and 251 or permission of instructor. 3 credits.
ART 352. Lithography. Lithography techniques, processes and materials are explored through traditional and contemporary approaches as an aesthetic expression. 3 credits. Prerequisites: Art 120, 130.
ART 355. Advanced Photography. This advanced level photography course focuses on contemporary photographic genres and themes. Students are exposed to a range of work by contemporary photographers as well as theoretical writings by critics, curators and photographers. Students develop work based on topics discussed in class, readings and lectures. Prerequisites: ART 155, 254, 256 or permission of instructor. 3 credits.
ART 360. Women in the Visual Arts. A survey of the important role women have played in the history of art from the Middle Ages to the current. 3 credits.
ART 361. Realism and Impressionism. Study of Realism and Impressionism in European art during the second half of the nineteenth century. Major themes include changes in the subject matter, the establishment of modernity as a cultural ideal, and the growing importance of formalism. 3 credits. **
ART 362. Modernist Art. A study of the movements associated with twentieth century modernism, including post-impressionism, surrealism, and abstract expressionism. Artists discussed include van Gogh, Cezanne, Picasso, Matisse, Giacometti, Pollock, and David Smith. 3 credits. **
Art 363. History of Greek and Roman Art and Architecture. 3 credits. **
Art 364. History of Renaissance and Baroque Art and Architecture. 3 credits. **
Art 367. History of Modern Architecture. A survey of 19th and 20th century architecture. 3 credits. **
Art 369. American Art. Survey from Colonial to 20th Century, including painting, sculpture, architecture and crafts. 3 credits. **
Art 371. Advanced Painting. Advanced painting with emphasis on the exploration of individual style using oils, acrylics, watercolor and mixed media. Prerequisites: ART 270 and 271 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.
Art 381. Sculpture I. Study of fundamental sculpture principles. Work with a variety of materials. 3 credits.
Art 382. Sculpture II. Continuation of various sculpture techniques in a variety of materials. Prerequisite ART 381. 3 credits.
ART 390. Directed or Independent Study. Must be approved by the head of the department. May be repeated as 391. 1-18 credits.
ART 392. Internship in Art. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of art. 1-18 credits.
Art 404. Public Interior Space. Advanced interior architecture problems; experimental and innovative concepts; responses to public interior spaces in museums, schools, hospitals, health care centers and offices. Prerequisites: ART 101, 121, 304. 3 credits.
Art 405. Senior Interior Architecture Synthesis. Emphasis on development of self expression and philosophy of interior architecture. Student-initiated interior architecture problems which involve conceptualization as well as programming problems. Application through final design and selective detailing of each project. Prerequisites: ART 101, 121, 304, 404. 3-6 credits.
Art 406. Ceramics Studio I. Independent problems in ceramics. May be continued as 407, 408. Prerequisites: ART 213, 214 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.
Art 411. Enamels II. Continued exploration of the design and production of vitreous enamels using copper or other metals as a base. May be continued as ART 426, 427, 428, etc., with permission of instructor. Prerequisite: ART 311 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.
Art 412. Ceramics Studio II. Continued independent problems in ceramics. Prerequisite: Art 213, 214, 406, 407, 408 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.
Art 413. Jewelry II. Continued exploration of various metals and techniques with strong emphasis on design. May be continued as Art 419, 420 and 421 with permission of instructor. Prerequisites: ART 313 and permission of instructor. Every semester. 3 credits.
Art 414. Metalsmithing. Independent exploration of functional and decorative objects using various metals and forming techniques with strong emphasis on design. Prerequisite: ART 313 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.
Art 415. Weaving and Textile Studio. Independent concentration in choice of techniques available in weaving and textiles. Prerequisite: ART 216 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.
Art 416. Advanced Casting. Continued exploration of the casting process with strong emphasis on design and experimentation. May be continued as ART 422, 423 and 424. Prerequisite: ART 313. Every semester. 3 credits.
Art 417. Gem Stone Cutting and Setting. Continued exploration of cutting, polishing, and setting stones with strong emphasis on design. Prerequisite: ART 313. 3 credits.
Art 418. Metal Electroforming. Exploration of functional and decorative application of electroforming in lieu of, or in combination with, additional metal forming techniques. Strong emphasis will be given to design. Prerequisite: ART 313 or permission of instructor. 3 credits.
Art 419. Advanced Jewelry III. Continued exploration of various metals and techniques with strong emphasis on design. Prerequisite: ART 413 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.
Art 421. Graphic Design III. Continued concentrated study and exploration of graphic design, resulting in the development and execution of a professional level portfolio. Students will execute solutions to graphic design problems and themes developed in conjunction with the instructor, while covering topics related to job search and employment opportunities. 3 credits . Prerequisites: art 120, 221, 225, 322.
Art 422. Advanced Casting II. Continued exploration of the casting process with strong emphasis on design and experimentation. Prerequisite: ART 416 and permission of instructor. 3 credits. Offered on demand.
Art 425. Graphic Design for the Web and Multimedia. Introduction to the elements of website design. Emphasis is on technical proficiency, creative communication and creative self-expression. Using industry standard software, students will learn to design, code and implement a website. 3 credits Prerequisites: ART Majors 120, 221, 225. ART Minors 125, 221, 225.
Art 430. Drawing Studio. Open to students who have completed Art 130, 131, 230 and 330. The student will select an area of concentration and problems of specialization in media and technique. Permission of instructor required for enrollment. May be continued as ART 431, 432, 433, with permission of instructor. 3 credits.
Art 441. The Teaching of Art in the Secondary Schools. A concentrated study of contemporary practices, theory, technology and materials necessary for the formulation of a meaningful art program in the secondary school. 3 credits. For art majors only. Prequisites: ART 442, EDUC 265, EDUC 299 or permission of instructor.
Art 442. The Teaching of Art in the Elementary Schools. 3 credits. A concentrated study of theory, methods and materials necessary for the formulation of a meaningful, creative art program in the elementary school. For art majors only. Prerequisite: EDUC 299 or permission of instructor.
Art 443. Problems in Art Education. The student will select an area of art education for concentrated study through readings, research, experimentation and/or internship. Permission of instructor required for enrollment. Hours to be arranged. 3 credits.
ART 448/548. Integrated Arts/Visual Arts. A study of the value and practical application of integrating the arts across all content areas of the curriculum with a focus on the plastic arts. Students will gain an understanding of the role of the creative process in the classroom and will investigate the various means of expressing ideas, emotions and images through the use of visual arts, music, drama, movement, and theatre. Prerequisite: Thea 101, Musc 224, or Musc 225. 3 Credits.
Art 450. Printmaking Studio. Open to students who have completed ART 120, 130, and 250, and if studying serigraphy or relief and intaglio, must have completed courses in these areas. The student will select an area of concentration and problems of specialization in media and technique. May be continued as ART 451, 452, and 453. Permission of instructor required for enrollment. 3 credits.
Art 456. Photography Studio.
Self directed work in photographic media with emphasis on experimentation and artistic expression. Students work independently and meet for regularly scheduled group discussions and critique sessions. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: ART 155, 254, 256, 355. 3 credits.
Art 461. Senior Seminar. Designed specifically for and required of all art major seniors, this course is intended to review, assess and bring into focus the past art experiences and instruction. 2 credits.
Art 462. Senior Professional Project. Application of the student’s education in the visual arts, art education, or art history which displays their technical and conceptual skills through informed choices of art making and final presentation skills (studio concentration); through the ability to plan and execute an actual art lesson in the classroom (art education); through the demonstration of research and presentation skills at a judged presentation (art history). 1 credit.
Art 465, 466, 467. Advanced Crafts I, II, III. Continued exploration of functional and non-functional craft objects with strong emphasis on original designs and independent study. Students will focus on a specific media or combine unique and creative solutions of a variety of media. Each course builds on the preceding course depending on the student’s needs and progress. Prerequisites: ART 110, 120 and permission of instructor. 3 credits.
Art 471. Painting Studio. Open to students who have completed 270 or equivalent. May be continued as ART 472, 473, etc. Permission of instructor required for enrollment. 3 credits.
Art 480. Sculpture Studio. Open to students who have completed ART 381 and 382. The student will select media and techniques and set up individual problems. Permission of instructor required for enrollment. May be repeated as ART 481, 482, etc. 3 credits.
ART 490. Directed or Independent Study. Must be approved by the head of the department. 1-18 credits.
ART 492. Internship in Art. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of art. 1-18 credits.
Art 495. Special Topics. Selected topics in Art. The topics may vary from semester to semester. Descriptions are available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.
Art 496. Art/Craft Apprenticeship Program. An individually tailored program similar to student teaching that allows a student to gain valuable on-the-job experience in any non-teaching art environment. Student must have an art faculty sponsor, approval of department head and apply one semester in advance. Prerequisite: 75 credit hours and a 2.5 GPA. 3, 6, or 9 credits.
ART 497. Research Projects in Art. This course provides students with an opportunity for independent original research in art. 1-3 credits.
ART 498. Honors Research in Art. Students conduct research in art under the direction of a faculty member and the Senior Honors Research Committee. May be repeated as 499. 3 credits.
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