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  Longwood University Undergraduate Catalog 2005 - 2006

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Department of Health, Recreation, and Kinesiology

J. Charles Blauvelt, Chairperson
Nancy E. Scruggs, Secretary

The Department offers three B.S. degree programs, one in community health education, one in therapeutic recreation, and one in kinesiology with concentrations in either teaching physical and health education, exercise science, or athletic training. The department also offers a teaching endorsement in driver education, and minor programs in health education, outdoor education, pre-professional clinical studies. A variety of activity classes, whose goal is to develop fitness and skills in life-time sport and recreation, are offered to all students. Health and activity classes are structured to provide students with knowledge about current health problems and to help them develop behaviors and attitudes that will aid in maintaining a state of optimal health and well-being throughout the life-span.

Faculty

Sarah M. Bingham, Ph.D., Professor of Physical Education
J. Charles Blauvelt, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Physical Education
Allison Y. Colvin, Ed.D., Assistant Professor of Physical Education
Loretta E. Coughlin, M.S., Lecturer in Physical Education
Margaret A. Frederick, M.S., ATC, Instructor of Athletic Training
Sharon J. Gaunt, P.E.D. Lecturer in Physical Education
Paula Inserra, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Health Education
Joseph B. Kilby, M.S., Lecturer in Physical Education
Rená A. Koesler, Ph.D., Professor of Recreation
Chrystyna Kosarchyn, Ph.D., CHES, Professor of Health Education
Susan E. Lynch, Ph.D., CTRS, Associate Professor of Therapeutic Recreation
Sharon M. Menegoni, M.S., ATC, Assistant Professor of Athletic Training
Lisa M. Olenik, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Physical Education and Sport Studies
Cathy J. Roy, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Exercise Science
Glenda P. Taylor, Ph.D., CTRS, Associate Professor of Therapeutic Recreation
Rodney Williams, B.A., Artist-in-Residence, Dance

COMMUNITY HEALTH EDUCATION PROGRAM

Faculty

Chrystyna Kosarchyn, Ph.D., CHES, Program Coordinator, Professor of Health Education
Paula Inserra, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Health Education

The program in Community Health Education is designed to prepare students for a career in health education in community settings. As a profession that bridges the gap between health information and health practices, community health education offers employment opportunities in a variety of settings: community-based organizations and agencies such as public health departments and voluntary non-profit organizations; health care facilities such as clinics, hospitals, health maintenance organizations, and nursing homes; as well as in corporate settings. Graduates of this program are eligible to sit for the Certified Health Education Specialist (CHES) exam and to apply for advanced study in a variety of health education/health promotion graduate programs.

Admission to the Community Health Education Program requires an application process that must be completed by the second semester of the student’s sophomore year which includes the following components:

a. completion of written application

b. a 2.5 overall grade point average (GPA)

c. grades of C or better in ENGL 150, HLTH 200 and 205, and BIOL 206 and 207

Furthermore, the following requirements must be met prior to the student’s senior internship;

a. the completion of all coursework

b. a 2.5 overall GPA

c. a 2.5 GPA in the major

d. a recommendation from the instructor of HLTH 415

COMMUNITY HEALTH EDUCATION MAJOR, B.S. DEGREE

A. General Education Core Requirements. 41 credits

B. Additional Degree Requirements. 7 credits

BIOL 206 Anatomy and Physiology/4 credits*
MATH 171 Statistical Decision Making/3 credits

C. Major Requirements. 72 credits

Theory

HLTH 200 Introduction to Public Health/3 credits*
HLTH 205 Health and Wellness/3 credits*
HLTH 260 Emergency Care and First Aid/3 credits
HLTH 275 Medical Terminology/2 credits
HLTH 315 Health Promotion Programming I/3 credits
HLTH 325 Human Diseases/3 credits
HLTH 366 Public Health Issues/3 credits
HLTH 415 Health Promotion Programming II/4 credits

HLTH 492 Internship in Public Health/12 credits
(one credit satisfies General Education Goal 15)
HLTH 495 Special Topics/3 credits

Support Courses

BIOL 207 Anatomy and Physiology/4 credits*
ENGL 319 Technical Writing/3 credits
PSYC 101 Introduction to Psychology/3 credits
SOCL 370 Medical Sociology/3 credits
COMM 200 Fundamentals of Communication/3 credits
RECR 437 Group Dynamics/3 credits

Content Courses

Select five (5) courses from the following list:

HLTH 212 Human Sexuality/3 credits
HLTH 215 Physical Activity and Health/3 credits
HLTH 295 Special Topics/3 credits
HLTH 313 Drugs and Human Behavior/3 credits
HLTH 335 Nutrition/3 credits
HLTH 400 Environmental Health/3 credits
HLTH 430 Women’s Health Issues/3 credits

D. Total Credits Required for B.S. Degree in Community Health Education - 120 credits

E. Courses in which students must have a grade of C or higher.*

F. All courses are not offered each semester - see course sequence outline on the Community Health Education website for when each course is offered.

KINESIOLOGY PROGRAMS

The Kinesiology curriculum offers programs of study leading to a Bachelor of Science degree in kinesiology in three areas: Athletic Training, Exercise Science, and in teaching Physical and Health Education (PHETE). All majors must take a core of kinesiology theory and skill classes; then, depending upon interest and career goals, students will take course work in one of the following program concentrations: Athletic Training, Exercise Science, or in Physical and Health Education Teacher Education (PHETE).

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION TEACHER EDUCATION PK-12 CONCENTRATION

Faculty

Sarah M. Bingham, Ph.D., Professor of Physical Education
J. Charles Blauvelt, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Physical Education
Allison Y. Colvin, Ed.D., Program Coordinator, Assistant Professor of Physical Education
Lisa M. Olenik, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Physical Education and Sport Studies

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION TEACHER EDUCATION (PHETE)

The PHETE program prepares students to meet State licensure requirements to teach both health and physical education from pre-kindergarten through 12th grade. Students can also elect to become certified to teach Driver Education. Our program is a competency-based, fieldwork intensive curriculum that ensures students obtain teaching experiences throughout their academic career. As a result, graduates tend to enter the workforce confident in their ability to deal with the many challenges faced by public school teachers.

Admission to the teacher education program requires that by the end of the first semester in the sophomore year students complete an application which includes successful completion of Praxis I, demonstrate competency in written and oral English (earn a grade of “C” or better in ENGL 150), have satisfactory professional dispositions, and possess an overall grade point average of 2.50. All physical education majors must make a minimum grade of “C” in the professional courses: KINS 350, 351, 352, 377, 378, and 382. Transfer students have two semesters to complete the above requirements. Additional policies and standards for physical education majors are in the Physical and Health Education Teacher Education Student Handbook.

KINESIOLOGY, B.S. DEGREE

Physical and Health Teacher Education, PK-12

Physical and Health Education Licensure

A. General Education Core Requirement. 41 credits

The department requires SOCL 320 to satisfy General Education Goal 12.

B. Additional Degree Requirements, 7 credits

BIOL 206 Human Anatomy and Physiology I/4 credits

MATH 171 or MATH 271 Statistical Decision Making/Applied Statistics/3 credits

C. Major Requirements. 83-84 credits

Professional Core

KINS 275 Foundations of Physical Education and Sport/3 credits
KINS 386 Biomechanics/4 credits
KINS 387 Physiology of Exercise/4 credits

TOTAL/11 credits

Teaching Concentration Activity Requirements

KINS 150 Fitness Education/1 credit
KINS 350 Skill Acquisition and Analysis I: Team Sports/3 credits
KINS 351 Skill Acquisition and Analysis II: Educational Gymnastics and Dance/3 credits
KINS 352 Skill Acquisition and Analysis III: Lifetime Activities/3 credits

Take 1-2 credits from the following:

PHED 211 Intermediate Swimming/1 credit
PHED 212 Lifeguarding and Emergency Water Safety/2 credits
PHED 315 Water Safety Instructor/2 credits

TOTAL CREDITS/11-12

Teaching Concentration Requirements

BIOL 207 Human Anatomy and Physiology II/4 credits
KINS 175 Introduction to the Profession of Health and Physical Education/1 credit
KINS 275 Foundations of Physical Education and Sport/3 credits
KINS 280 Motor Development/3 credits
KINS 363 Assessment and Evaluation in Health and Physical Education/3 credits

KINS 364 Adapted Physical Education/3 credits
KINS 377 (Old 380) Teaching Elementary Physical Education/4 credits

KINS 378 (Old 381) Teaching Middle School Physical Education/4 credits
KINS 382 Teaching High School Physical Education/4 credits
KINS 482 Directed Teaching in Elementary and Secondary Physical Education andHealth/12 credits (one credit satisfies General Education Goal 15)
KINS 483 Seminar in Teaching/2 credits

RECR 338 Outdoor Education in the Schools/2 credits
HLTH 205 Health and Wellness/3 credits
HLTH 212 Human Sexuality/3 credits
HLTH 260 Emergency Care and First Aid/3 credits
HLTH 313 Drugs and Human Behavior/3 credits
HLTH 335 Nutrition/3 credits
HLTH 465 Comprehensive School Health Education/4 credits
EDUC 430 Reading in the Content Area/2 credits

TOTAL CREDITS/65

Total Credits Required for B.S. Degree with Physical and Health Education with Teacher Education PK-12 Concentration - 133-136

Driver Education Endorsement

Any student may elect to take the following sequence of courses and become endorsed to teach driver education in secondary schools.

HLTH 260 Emergency Care and First Aid/3 credits **
HLTH 301 Safety Education/3 credits
HLTH 302 Driver Education/3 credits

TOTAL/9 credits

Total Credits Required for B.S. Degree with Physical and Health Education with Teacher Education PK-12 Concentration - 137-138

NON-TEACHING CONCENTRATIONS

ATHLETIC TRAINING

Faculty

Sharon M. Menegoni, M.S., Program Coordinator, Assistant Professor of Athletic Training
Margaret A. Frederick, M.S., Clinical Coordinator, Instructor of Athletic Training

The Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP) accredited program in athletic training is designed to prepare students for a career in the field of athletic training, or may serve as the pre-professional course of study for physical therapy and sports medicine. The course of study leading to the Bachelor of Science Degree via the Athletic Training Education Program includes one year of pre-athletic training, a selection process, and three years in the professional and clinical education phase of the program. Admission to the Athletic Training Education Program is competitive. Because of enrollment limitations, students who have completed the pre-athletic training year at Longwood cannot be assured admission to the professional and clinical education phase of the Athletic Training Education Program.

Admission to the athletic training program is contingent upon the student satisfactorily completing the following prerequisites:

a. written application;

b. 75 hours of athletic training directed observation/work experience at one of the program’s clinical sites;

c. 30 credit hours of college course work;

d. a 2.25 overall grade point average (GPA) and a 2.5 GPA or better in all physical education and athletic training major courses are required at the time of application;

e. courses KINS 200, 210, BIOL 207, and CHEM 101 or BIOL 206;

f. grades of C or better in KINS 200, 210, BIOL 206 or CHEM 101, and BIOL 207;

g. completion of all Level I Skill Competencies and Proficiencies, and

h. demonstrate appropriate clinical performance and conduct as determined by clinical instructor evaluations of the directed-observation experience.

Admission to the Longwood University Athletic Training Education Program is a three stage process. In the first stage students must (a) meet a number of grade and grade point criteria, (b) file a formal written application for admission, (c) successfully complete prerequisite courses, and (d) complete a directed observation requirement.

Once those criteria are met the student will enter the second stage which includes (a) obtaining updated grade estimates and (b) participation in an admission interview. Assessments for each student are placed in rank order for each component of the application process. A final rank ordering is based on the total of all components of the application process. Preliminary admission decisions are made by the Athletic Training Review Committee based on collective results across all pre-admission categories. At the completion of stage two, students will be informed by the program director of denial of admission or the preliminary admission decision.

Students granted preliminary admission enter stage three. In this stage, final semester grades are subject to the grade and grade point criteria. The program director verifies that the student’s final semester grades meet the grade and grade point requirements. Final admission decisions are made following the verification of candidates’ semester grades.

Students (freshmen) may apply for admission to the program after the completion of the first academic year or the first semester on campus (transfer students) providing that all prerequisite courses are completed. The admissions process will be administered at the end of the spring semester. Students will be informed by the program director of exact dates. 

Students who are accepted into the program are required to accumulate a minimum of 800 hours of supervised clinical experience with the Longwood intercollegiate athletic program or an affiliated site. Students will also complete an off campus clinical internship at a site of their choice during the final semester of the program. Graduates of this program are eligible to sit for the Board of Certification examination. The course of study for students planning to participate as a member of an intercollegiate athletic team is five years.

The technical standards set forth by the Athletic Training Education Program establish the essential qualities considered necessary for students admitted to this program to achieve the knowledge, skills, and competencies of an entry-level athletic trainer, as well as meet the expectations of the program’s accrediting agency (CAAHEP). Technical standards for program admission are published in the Athletic Training Education Program Curriculum Handbook.

KINESIOLOGY MAJOR, B.S. DEGREE

ATHLETIC TRAINING

A. General Education Core Requirements. 41 credits

The department requires PSYC 330 for the satisfaction of Goal 12.

B. Additional Degree Requirements. 7 credits

BIOL 206 Human Anatomy and Physiology I/4 credits
MATH 271 Applied Statistics/3 credits

C. Major Requirements. 82 credits

Professional Core

KINS 275 Foundations of Physical Education and Sport/3 credits
KINS 386 Biomechanics/4 credits
KINS 387 Physiology of Exercise/4 credits

TOTAL/11 credits

Athletic Training Concentration Requirements

Required Courses:

PHYS 101 General Physics I/4 credits*
PHYS 102 General Physics II/4 credits
BIOL 207 Human Anatomy and Physiology II/4 credits
HLTH 260 Emergency Care and First Aid/3 credits
HLTH 335 Nutrition/3 credits
HLTH 340 Pharmacology/2 credits
KINS 200 Introduction to Athletic Training/3 credits
KINS 210 Basic Skills in Athletic Training/3 credits
KINS 300 Injury Mechanism and Assessment I (Lower Extremity)/3 credits
KINS 310 Injury Mechanism and Assessment II (Upper Extremity)/3 credits
KINS 320 Therapeutic Modalities/2 credits
KINS 325 Therapeutic Exercise/3 credits
KINS 330 Injury Mechanism and Assessment III (Head, Neck and Spine)/3 credits
KINS 385 Sport Psychology/3 credits
KINS 410 Athletic Training Administration/2 credits
KINS 420 Medical Aspects of Athletic Training/2 credits
KINS 470 Research in Health, Recreation and Kinesiology/3 credits

Take one of the following:

CHEM 101 General Chemistry/4 credits*
or CHEM 111 Fundamentals of Chemistry/4 credits

TOTAL/50 credits*

Clinical Requirements

KINS 371 Clinical Methods in Athletic Training I/2 credits
KINS 372 Clinical Methods in Athletic Training II/2 credits
KINS 471 Clinical Methods in Athletic Training III/2 credits
KINS 472 Clinical Methods in Athletic Training IV/2 credits
KINS 473 Clinical Methods in Athletic Training V/2 credits
KINS 492 Clinical Internship in Athletic Training/12 credits

(one credit satisfies General Education Goal 15)

TOTAL/21 credits

* One of the above courses will count as a general education course under Goal 6 and will be considered as 4 credits of the 41 total required credits.

D. Total Credits Required for B.S. Degree with Athletic Training Concentration - 130

EXERCISE SCIENCE

Faculty

Cathy J. Roy, Ph.D., Program Coordinator, Associate Professor of Exercise Science

The Exercise Science Concentration is designed to provide students with a foundation in the sciences with emphasis in exercise, health, and sport sciences. Students enrolled in this concentration are prepared for entrance into health-related fitness and sport science professions. Graduates of this program are eligible to sit for certification examinations offered by the American College of Sports Medicine and the National Strength and Conditioning Association, and to apply for advanced study in a variety of applied science and allied health programs.

KINESIOLOGY MAJOR, B.S. DEGREE

EXERCISE SCIENCE CONCENTRATION

A. General Education Core Requirements. 41 credits

B. Additional Degree Requirements. 7 credits

BIOL 206 Human Anatomy and Physiology I/4 credits

Take one of the following:

MATH 171 Statistical Decision Making/3 credits
MATH 271 Applied Statistics/3 credits

C. Major Requirements. 77-78 credits.

Professional Core

KINS 275 Foundations of Physical Education and Sport/3 credits
KINS 280 Motor Development/3 credits
KINS 386 Biomechanics/4 credits**
KINS 387 Physiology of Exercise/4 credits**
KINS 462 Organization and Administration of Health and Physical Education Programs/3 credits

TOTAL/17 credits

Activity Requirements

PHED 116 Beginning Weight Training/1 credit
PHED 126 Beginning Yoga/1 credit

Take one of the following:

PHED 104 Beginning Tennis/1 credit
PHED 108 Beginning Golf/1 credit
PHED 120 Beginning Racquetball/1 credit

Take one of the following:

PHED 110 Non-Swimming/1 credit
PHED 111 Beginning Swimming/1 credit
PHED 112 Water Aerobics/1 credit

PHED 127 Aerobic Dancing/1 credit
PHED 211 Intermediate Swimming/1 credit
PHED 212 Lifeguarding and Emergency Water Safety/2 credits
PHED 315 Water Safety Instructor/2 credits

TOTAL/4 or 5 credits

Fitness Concentration Requirements

BIOL 207 Human Anatomy and Physiology II/4 credits*
CHEM 101 General Chemistry/4 credits*
or CHEM 111 Fundamentals of Chemistry/4 credits
PHYS 101 General Physics/4 credits*
KINS 205 Introduction to Exercise Science/2 credits
KINS 216 Essentials of Strength Conditioning /3 credits

KINS 385 Sport Psychology/3 credits**
KINS 392 Fitness Internship/8 credits (one credit satisfies General Education Goal 15)
KINS 399 Advanced Exercise Physiology/3 credits
KINS 486 Exercise Testing and Prescription/3 credits
KINS 487 Clinical Exercise Physiology/3 credits
KINS 488 Exercise Intervention in Disease/3 credits
KINS 497 Special Projects/3 credits
HLTH 205 Health and Wellness/3 credits
HLTH 215 Physical Activity and Health/3 credits
HLTH 260 Emergency Care and First Aid/3 credits
HLTH 335 Nutrition/3 credits
COMM 101 Oral Communication/3 credits
MARK 280 Fundamentals of Marketing/3 credits
or MANG 360 Principles of Management/3 credits

TOTAL/56 credits

D. Total Credits Required for B.S. Degree with Exercise Science Concentration - 125-126

One of the above courses will count as a general education course under Goal 6 and will be considered as 4 credits of the 41 total required credits.

Courses in which students must have a grade of C- or higher.*

Courses in which students must have a grade of C or higher.**

THERAPEUTIC RECREATION PROGRAM

Faculty

Glenda P. Taylor, Ph.D., CTRS, Program Coordinator, Associate Professor of Therapeutic Recreation
Rena A. Koesler, Ph.D., Professor of Recreation
Susan E. Lynch, Ph.D., CTRS, Associate Professor of Therapeutic Recreation

The Bachelor of Science Therapeutic Recreation degree is an accredited program of the National Recreation and Park Association/American Association of Leisure and Recreation Council on Accreditation and reflects the National Council for Therapeutic Recreation Certification (NCTRC) competencies. The program exists within the framework of an allied health profession, and is a professional preparation program offering both didactic and experiential learning designed to prepare the student for basic-entry level practice in health and human service settings.

The application of therapeutic recreation principles and practices utilize a wide variety of interventions including leisure experiences to facilitate, promote and/or maintain client functioning, promoting healthy behaviors, assisting with habilitation/rehabilitation needs while enhancing quality of life; including the development of a personally meaningful leisure life-style. The context of therapeutic recreation service delivery is contained in: physical medicine and rehabilitation facilities, psychiatric and mental health facilities for children and adults; substance treatment programs; corrections and juvenile justice centers; specialized outdoor programs for adjudicated youth; long-term, sub-acute care; and day care facilities and nursing homes; residences for individuals with developmental disabilities, and community parks and recreation departments.

Longwood's nationally recognized Therapeutic Recreation program provides students with a comprehensive foundation of: liberal arts, biological and health sciences, social sciences, disability studies and leisure theory. The technical aspects of the Therapeutic Recreation profession are taught within specialty courses emphasizing professional and therapeutic communication, program planning, intervention techniques, clinical assessment and documentation, clinical reasoning, management and research.

Outdoor Education Minor

The outdoor education minor enhances the Therapeutic Recreation major, and is especially useful for those clinicians who will work with "at-risk-youth" in education, juvenile justice systems, and adventure therapy programs. Although not limited to these populations, outdoor education has a wide application to diverse population groups and is often used as a "modality" in the delivery of therapeutic recreation services.

The experiential nature of the course offerings in this minor provide the student with skill development, self-awareness, aesthetic appreciation, safe practice and risk management. The course offerings provide the foundation knowledge for future certifications in the outdoor experiential field.

Sequence and Progression

The requirements of this professional preparation program are designed to academically prepare the student in a sequenced offering of coursework. The sequence and progression of the student in the curriculum will be determined and monitored by the therapeutic recreation faculty.

1. Critical to student learning is that all therapeutic recreation majors, or intending majors, must complete BIOL 206/207 (Anatomy and Physiology); HLTH 275 (Medical Terminology) or equivalencies during the first year of study.

A transfer student must show evidence of prior learning, or equivalencies in these courses to enable them to progress in the sequence as determined.

2. All upper level Therapeutic Recreation content courses are available only to Therapeutic Recreation majors, or permission by the Program Coordinator.

Fieldwork and Internship Requirements

Successful completion of this degree program requires practical experience, beyond the classroom. The following progression and requirements are identified below:

1. Preliminary Fieldwork

All students must complete 120 hours of community work with persons who may have illnesses, disabilities, and those who may be disadvantaged or disenfranchised from the community. The recording of these hours will be the responsibility of the student and the faculty advisor. All 120 hours must be completed by the end (May) of the sophomore year.

2. Junior Internship

Eligibility for junior internship requires the successful completion of all courses at the 100, 200, and 300 level. The student must maintain a 2.50 GPA in all Therapeutic Recreation content coursework, and a 2.25 GPA overall. The junior internship reflects a minimum 320-hour, 10-12 week placement the summer after the junior year.

3. Senior Internship

Eligibility for senior internship requires the successful completion of all coursework in the curriculum. The student must maintain a 2.50 GPA in Therapeutic Recreation coursework, and a 2.25 GPA overall. The senior internship reflects a 560 hour, minimum of 14 weeks placement to be taken during Spring semester Senior year, or summer for those students who have permission from the Program Director. Placement must be in an affiliated agency, and supervision carried out by a Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialist (CTRS®). University and NCTRC standards will be adhered to throughout this experience.

Upon graduation, students become eligible to sit for the national certification examination through the National Council for Therapeutic Recreation Certification (NCTRC®). The processes for application are the responsibility of the graduate, and the university cannot enter into the process. Application is available at www.nctrc.org.

THERAPEUTIC RECREATION MAJOR, B.S. DEGREE

A. General Education Core Requirements. 41 credits

The department requires PSYC 356 for the satisfaction of General Education Goal 12 and CHEM 101 for the satisfaction of General Education Goal 6.

B. Additional Degree Requirements. 7 credits

BIOL 206 Human Anatomy and Physiology/4 credits
MATH 171 Statistical Decision Making/3 credits
Or MATH 271 Applied Statistics/3 credits.

C. Major Requirements. 84 credits

RECR 110* Introduction to Therapeutic Recreation/3 credits
RECR 111 Foundations of Leisure Services/3 credits
RECR 120 Therapeutic Recreation Professional Practice I/3 credits
RECR 205 Recreation Leadership and Activity/3 credits

RECR 210 Plan and Design of Recreational Areas and Facilities/2 credits
RECR 237 Adventure Education Programming/3 credits
RECR 250 Leisure Education and Counseling/2 credits
RECR300 Pre-Internship Seminar/1 credit
RECR 301 Therapeutic Recreation in Mental Health Settings/3 credits
RECR 303 Therapeutic Recreation for Physical Disabilities/3 credits
RECR 304 Leisure and Aging: Therapeutic Services/3 credits
RECR 320*** Facilitation Techniques in Therapeutic Recreation/3 credits
RECR 360 Therapeutic Recreation: Children with Disabilities/3 credits
RECR 371 Program Planning in Leisure Services/3 credits
RECR 392** Junior Internship/6 credits
RECR 408 Therapeutic Recreation Professional Practice II/3 credits
RECR 410 Supervision and Administration of Recreation/3 credits
RECR 437*** Group Dynamics/3 credits
RECR 461 Senior Seminar/3 credits
RECR 470* Research in Health, Recreation and Kinesiology/3 credits
RECR 492** Senior Internship/12 credits (one credit satisfies General Education Goal 15)
HLTH 260 Emergency Care and First Aid/3 credits
HLTH 275 Medical Terminology/2 credits
HLTH 340 Pharmacology/2 credits
BIOL 207 Human Anatomy and Physiology II/4 credits
PSYC 330 Life Span Developmental Psychology/3 credits

TOTAL/84 credits

Must have a 2.00 overall GPA and 2.50 GPA in major courses**

D. Total Credits Required for B.S. Degree in Therapeutic Recreation - 132

MINORS

The Health, Recreation and Kinesiology curricula offer minor programs in coaching, health education, outdoor education and pre-professional clinical studies.

COACHING MINOR

Sarah Bingham, Ph.D., Professor of Physical Education

Students interested in the coaching minor must enroll in 18 hours of specialized professional courses in physical education. Any student may elect to take the following sequence of courses for a minor in coaching:

HLTH 260 Emergency Care and First Aid/3 credits
KINS 200 Introduction to Athletic Training/3 credits
KINS 280 Motor Development/3 credits
KINS 385 Sport Psychology/3 credits
KINS 462 Organization and Administration of Health and
Physical Education Programs/3 credits
KINS 486 Practicum/3-6 credits

TOTAL/18-21 credits

HEALTH EDUCATION MINOR

Chrystyna Kosarchyn, Ph.D., CHES, Program Coordinator, Professor of Health Education

The minor in Health Education is designed to provide students with information about current health issues and to help them develop attitudes and behaviors that will be helpful in attaining a state of optimal health throughout their lifetime. This minor is open to students in any major program other than those in the Physical and Health Education Teacher Education Program (PHETE) and is particularly complementary to degrees in the health and human services areas.

Core (6 credits)

HLTH 205 Health and Wellness/3 credits
HLTH 325 Human Diseases/3 credits
Electives (12 credits)

Choose 4 courses:

HLTH 212 Human Sexuality/3 credits
HLTH 215 Physical Activity and Health/3 credits
HLTH 400 Environmental Health/3 credits
HLTH 313 Drugs and Human Behavior/3 credits
HLTH 335 Nutrition/3 credits
HLTH 430 Women’s Health Issues/3 credits

TOTAL/18 credits

OUTDOOR EDUCATION MINOR

Rena A. Koesler, Ph.D., Program Coordinator, Professor of Recreation

The minor in Outdoor Education is open to those students interested in developing the skills, knowledge and experience in the outdoor education field. Students will gain the necessary skills and experience to teach, lead, and/or serve individuals who wish to use the natural environment as well as enhance their appreciation of it. Students who minor in Outdoor Education are required to take the following courses. Grades below “C-” will not apply toward the fulfillment of minor requirements.

RECR 237 Experiential and Outdoor Education Programming/3 credits
RECR 340 Introduction to Outdoor Adventure Skills/3 credit
(canoeing, rockclimbing, orienteering)

RECR 350 Ropes Course and Initiative Dynamics/2 credits
RECR 375 Leadership Development Through Wilderness Pursuits/3 credits
HLTH 260  Emergency Care and First Aid/3 credits
RECR 420 Environmental Education Resources/3 credits
RECR 487 Practicum Experience in Outdoor Education/1-3 credits

TOTAL/18-20 credits

PRE-PROFESSIONAL CLINICAL STUDIES MINOR

Sharon M. Menegoni, M.S., ATC, Assistant Professor of Athletic Training

The purpose of this minor is to provide the student with applied knowledge of athletic training clinical theory and skills. It is primarily designed for those students pursuing other medical and allied health fields or graduate education. It is an attractive and marketable combination with the following majors: pre-medicine, pre-physical therapy, pre-occupational therapy, and pre-nursing.

The minor in Pre-professional Clinical Studies does not meet NATA-BOC or Virginia licensure eligibility requirements, and therefore does not lead to certification as an Athletic Trainer.

KINS 210 Basic Skills in Athletic Training/3 credits
KINS 300 Injury Mechanism & Assessment I (Lower Extremity)/3 credits
KINS 310 Injury Mechanism & Assessment II (Upper Extremity)/3 credits
KINS 320 Therapeutic Modalities/2 credits

OR

KINS 330 Injury Mechanism & Assessment III (Head, Neck & Spine)/3 credits
KINS 325 Therapeutic Exercise/3 credits

OR

KINS 420 Medical Aspects in Athletic Training/2 credits
KINS 386 Biomechanics/4 credits

OR

KINS 387 Physiology of Exercise/4 credits

TOTAL/18 credits

HEALTH PROGRAM COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

General Education Course *

Writing Intensive Course **

Speaking Intensive Course ***

HEALTH EDUCATION 200. Introduction to Public Health. An introduction to the public health profession in terms of the various settings in which public health educators practice, the roles they play and the skills they need. Designed as the initial course for students in the public health education major, this course is open to non-majors as well. 3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 205. Health and Wellness. Focusing on the application of scientific facts and principles to current health issues, this course is designed to help foster intelligent decision-making in the areas of health needs and health behaviors. 3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 210. World Health Issues. Designed to help students develop an understanding of current health problems and issues in the world community, this course examines the cultural, geographic, environmental, social, economic and political influences on health status and health care systems of representative nations, especially those of the non-western world. 3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 212. Human Sexuality. An examination of the biological, psychological, cultural and behavioral aspects of sexuality with emphasis on providing the student with practical and meaningful information pertaining to human sexuality and family life while encouraging the development of responsible sexual behaviors and attitudes. 3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 215. Physical Activity and Health. This course examines the effect of physical activity on health and diseases. Patterns and trends in physical activity are also covered as well as understanding and promoting physical activity in a variety of populations/settings. Prerequisite: PHED 101. 3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 260. Emergency Care and First Aid. Emergency care procedures necessary to sustain life and maintain life support until the victims of an accident or sudden illness are cared for by more qualified medical personnel. Knowledge and skill gained will lead to certification in first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. 3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 275. Medical Terminology. An on-line course designed to familiarize students entering the public health field with the fundamentals of medical terminology and to provide them with the skills to learn medical terminology easily and quickly. Prerequisite: internet access. 2 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 292. Internship in Health Education. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of health education. 1-18 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 295. Special Topics. Selected topics in health education. The topics will vary from semester to semester. Descriptions will be available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 301. Safety Education. Concepts and theories of accident prevention, particularly as they relate to the use of the highways. 3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 302. Driver Education. Classroom instruction and supervised experience in teaching practice driving. Prerequisites: valid Virginia driver’s license and driving experience and HLTH 301. 3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 311, 312. Studies Abroad. Primarily intended for transfer of credit earned abroad in courses on health education per semester. 1-18 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 313. Drugs and Human Behavior. An examination of drug use and abuse in today’s society. Emphasis is placed on prevention and strategies for the learner while providing accurate, up-to-date information concerning human biology, sociological principles, and the pharmacological nature of drugs. Prerequisite: BIOL 206. 3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 315. Health Promotion Programming I. This course focuses on the development of skills necessary to assess individual and community health needs and to plan effective health education programs. Communicating health and health education concerns as well as acting as resources in health education are also addressed. Prerequisites: HLTH 205, three HLTH content electives or consent of instructor. 3 credits. ** and ***

HEALTH EDUCATION 325. Human Diseases. A study of communicable and chronic diseases with regards to disease description, description, etiology, signs and symptoms, diagnostic procedures, treatment, prognosis and prevention. Prerequisites: HLTH 205, BIOL 206 and 207 or consent of instructor. 3 credits. ***

HEALTH EDUCATION 335. Nutrition. This course examines the principles of normal human nutrition applied to various stages in life, especially as they relate to disease prevention, fitness, and weight control. Factors that influence human nutrition needs and eating patterns are also covered. Prerequisite: BIOL 206. 3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 340. Pharmacology. The emphasis of this course is on legal and illegal drug use in the world today. Topics will include indications, contraindications, and effects of commonly used non-prescription and prescription medicines, erogenic aids and the use of illegal substances in athletics, and neurophysiology and pharmacology as it relates to the effects of drugs on the body. Prerequisites: BIOL 206 and CHEM 101 or 111. 2 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 345. Selected Health Topics. An in-depth examination of timely health issues such as stress management, aging, and death and dying, which have physical, psychological and sociological implications for one’s overall health status. 3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 366. Public Health Issues. Identification and analysis of significant issues and problems which challenge the community’s health and the American health care system. 3 credits.**

HEALTH EDUCATION 390. Directed or Independent Study. Must be approved by the head of the department. May be repeated as 391. 1-18 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 392. Internship in Health Education. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of health education. 1-18 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 400. Environmental Health. The study of the environment as it relates to the total well being of the individual with special emphasis on the threats to human health posed by the degradation of the environment. Environmental diseases/illnesses attributed to toxic substances, metals, pesticides, food additives and contaminants, radiation, noise, and infectious agents will be addressed. 3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 405. Practicum. Supervised field experience in community health education setting. 1-3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 415. Health Promotion Programming II. A sequel to HLTH 315, this course addresses health promotion program implementation and evaluation and examines the coordination of the provision of health education services. Includes a practicum experience. Prerequisite: HLTH 315. 4 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 430. Women’s Health Issues. An examination of women’s health problems, their prevention and treatment. 3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 465. Comprehensive School Health Education. A study of comprehensive school health education (CSHE) with a focus on the teaching of health, (N, K-12) including an examination of the components of CSHE, health education content, instructional methodology, resource materials (including audiovisual), evaluation of teaching, and computer assisted instruction. A supervised practicum experience is required. Prerequisites: HLTH 205, HLTH 212, HLTH 313, 3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 490. Independent Study. Individualized study. 1-18 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 492. Internship in Health Education. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of health education. 1-18 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 495. Special Topics in Health. Selected topics in health which will vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.

HEALTH EDUCATION 498. Honors Research in Health Education. Students conduct research in health under the direction of a faculty member and the Senior Honors Research Committee. May be repeated as 499. 3 credits. **

DANCE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

DANCE 127 (PHYSICAL EDUCATION 127). Aerobic Dancing. An aerobic activity which combines different styles of music with vigorous jazz and modern dance movements to increase cardio respiratory fitness. In addition to performing choreographed routines, students receive instruction in monitoring heart rate, injury prevention and a variety of other topics relevant to body/mind wellness. 1 credit.

DANCE 128 (PHYSICAL EDUCATION 128). Beginning Social and Recreation Dance. Beginning instruction in the fundamental skills of square dance, folk dance, novelty and contemporary rhythms and in the social dance steps. 1 credit.

DANCE 129 (PHYSICAL EDUCATION 129). Beginning Ballet. Dance techniques that evolved over the past five centuries, combined with freer contemporary techniques. It includes barre work: plie, tendu, rond de jambe; center combinations: glissade, assemble; and combinations across the floor: saute and soutenu. 1 credit.

DANCE 130 (PHYSICAL EDUCATION 130). Beginning Jazz. Dance style based on a combination of African and European influences which has developed into the dance form seen on Broadway, film and television. Basic skills include stretching exercises for strength and flexibility, isolations and syncopated movements such as rib isolation, kicks, jump turns, and jazz runs. 1 credit.

DANCE 131 (PHYSICAL EDUCATION 131). Beginning Modern Dance. Instruction in creative or interpretive dance utilizing specific stretching exercises and movement such as leaps, walks, bends, and turns. Emphasis on performing short dances and creating dances which can be performed with or without music. 1 credit.

DANCE 132. Advanced Modern Dance. High level of skill required in any one of three dance forms: ballet, jazz, or modern dance. Prerequisite: audition. 2 credits.

DANCE 133 (PHYSICAL EDUCATION 133). Ballroom and Social Dance. Introduces the student to the steps, rhythms, and body positions that are fundamental to ballroom and social dances. Dances that will be taught include, but are not limited to the following: waltz, fox trot, cha-cha-cha, tango, rumba, shag, and electric slide. 1 credit.

DANCE 136 (PHYSICAL EDUCATION 136). International Folk Dance. Performance of dances from selected countries and early American culture, and an examination of the influence of the culture upon a country’s folk dance and costume. 1 credit.

DANCE 138. African Dance. African dance is a movement and technique course designed to explore the dances, rhythms, and chants of Africa. It also focuses on cultural enrichment, history, language and customs of the people of African ancestry. 1 credit.

DANCE 228 (PHYSICAL EDUCATION 228). Intermediate Social and Recreation Dance. Advanced instruction in square dance, folk dance, novelty and contemporary rhythms and in the social dance steps. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. 1 credit.

DANCE 229 (PHYSICAL EDUCATION 229). Intermediate Ballet. Emphasis on improving ballet skills and on allowing further opportunities for creating and learning dances. 1 credit.

DANCE 230 (PHYSICAL EDUCATION 230). Intermediate Jazz. Emphasis on improving jazz dance skills and on allowing further opportunities for creating and learning dances. 1 credit.

DANCE 231 (PHYSICAL EDUCATION 231). Intermediate Modern Dance. Emphasis on improving modern dance skills and on allowing further opportunities for creating and learning dances. 1 credit.

DANCE 232. Advanced Modern Dance. High level of skill required in any one of three dance forms: ballet, jazz, or modern dance. Prerequisite: audition. 2 credits.

ATHLETIC TRAINING PROGRAM COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

Writing Intensive Courses **

Speaking Intensive Courses ***

KINESIOLOGY 200. Introduction to Athletic Training. A survey of the area of Athletic Training and Sports Medicine and their professional applications. The course is designed as an initial experience for students considering a career in athletic training or physical therapy. Open to non-majors. 3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 210. Basic Skills in Athletic Training. Practical study of procedures for the evaluation and treatment of injuries within the athletic environment which includes classroom instruction in selected basic skills. The course also involves a directed observation experience requirement and participation in the student athletic trainer mentor program. 3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 300. Injury Mechanism and Assessment I (Lower Extremity). An examination of the mechanism and pathology of injuries to the lower extremities. Detailed anatomy, biomechanics, evaluation, and immediate care are discussed. 3 credits. Prerequisites: KINS 210, BIOL 207.

KINESIOLOGY 310. Injury Mechanism and Assessment II (Upper Extremity). An examination of the mechanism and pathology of injuries to the upper extremities. Detailed anatomy, biomechanics, evaluation, and immediate care are discussed. 3 credits. Prerequisites: KINS 210, BIOL 207.

KINESIOLOGY 320. Therapeutic Modalities. The use of therapeutic modalities for the treatment of the injured athlete. The course includes an introduction to the physiological principles and operational procedures of contemporary therapeutic modalities as they relate to the care and treatment of athletic injuries. 2 credits. Prerequisite: KINS 210. Co-requisite: PHYS 102.

KINESIOLOGY 325. Therapeutic Exercise. An introduction to the concepts and principles of comprehensive rehabilitation programs including determination of therapeutic goals and objectives, selection of therapeutic exercises, methods of evaluating and recording rehabilitation progress, development of criteria for return to competition, and the physiological effects of tissue trauma/wound healing and inactivity/immobilization. 3 credits. Prerequisites: KINS 210, 386, PHYS 101.

KINESIOLOGY 330. Injury Mechanism and Assessment III (Head, Neck, and Spine). An examination of the mechanism and pathology of injuries to the head, neck, and trunk. Detailed anatomy, biomechanics, evaluation, and immediate care are discussed. 3 credits. Prerequisites: KINS 210, BIOL 207.

KINESIOLOGY 371. Clinical Methods in Athletic Training I. Supervised application and mastery of basic clinical proficiencies in a clinical and laboratory setting. Focus is on evaluative methods including manual muscle testing, ROM, goniometry and palpation. 2 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the athletic training program.

KINESIOLOGY 372. Clinical Methods in Athletic Training II. Continuation of proficiency mastery through clinical instruction in a laboratory setting as well as practical experience. Coursework relates to special testing, padding and bracing, protective equipment, and casting. 2 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the athletic training program.

KINESIOLOGY 410. Athletic Training Administration. A practical approach to examination of the administration of athletic training programs including professional communications, the use of records and forms, budgeting, and facility design. 2 credits. Prerequisite or co-requisite: KINS 330.** and ***

KINESIOLOGY 420. Medical Aspects in Athletic Training. A survey of clinical practices and other topics that relate Athletic Training to Sports Medicine. Focus is on skin conditions, congenital abnormalities, disease, special populations, and environmental factors. Epidemiology, counseling, and motor learning concepts are discussed. Prerequisites: BIOL 206, BIOL 207. 2 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 471. Clinical Methods in Athletic Training III. Supervised application and mastery of advanced clinical proficiencies related to evaluation and management of athletic related injuries and conditions. Included coursework involves isokinetic testing skills. 2 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the athletic training program.

KINESIOLOGY 472. Clinical Methods in Athletic Training IV. Continuation of advanced proficiency mastery in athletic injury management. Supervised clinical education and isokinetic evaluation and interpretation are covered. 2 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the athletic training program.

KINESIOLOGY 473. Clinical Methods in Athletic Training V. Concentrated clinical experience in athletic training. Mastery of proficiencies related to assessment and rehabilitation of athletic injuries, as well as management and administration of the athletic training room. Includes certification examination review. 2 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the athletic training program.

KINESIOLOGY 492. Clinical Internship in Athletic Training. Supervised off-campus on-the-job learning experience designed to give students an opportunity to gain practical experience in a private clinic, educational setting, or sports organization which is involved in athletic health care. 12 credits. Prerequisites: Completion of all required courses.

GENERAL EDUCATION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

General Education Courses *

Writing Intensive Courses **

Speaking Intensive Courses ***

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 101. Fitness Concepts Through Exercise. Examination of issues dealing with physical and mental well-being, and participation in physical activities that can improve physical and mental well-being. 2 credits. *

Choose one of the following sections:

Fitness Concepts through Aerobic Exercise
Fitness Concepts through Aerobic Dance
Fitness Concepts through Cycling
Fitness Concepts through Multiple Activities
Fitness Concepts through Restricted Activity
Fitness Concepts through Swimming
Fitness Concepts through Water Aerobics
Fitness Concepts through Weight Training

PHYSICAL EDUCATION ACTIVITY CLASSES

To enroll in the beginning level the student should have little or no prior experience in the sport. Enrollment in the intermediate and advanced levels requires successful completion of a beginning class or meeting the prerequisites listed. The instructor reserves the right to evaluate the level of skill and make assignments as to the appropriate level.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 102. Beginning Fencing. Instruction in guard position, foot-work, basic defense and offensive skills. Emphasis on fencing with “foil” and an overview of epee. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 103. Beginning Gymnastics. An introduction to beginning tumbling and apparatus skill. Emphasis is placed on correct technique and form. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 104. Beginning Tennis. Beginning instruction in the fundamental skills of forehand, backhand, serve and volley. Competitive play in women’s and men’s singles and doubles. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 105. Beginning Lacrosse/Field Hockey. Instruction in the basic lacrosse skills of throwing, cradling, stick handling, loose ball pick-up, checking and goal play, and the field hockey skills of passing, dribbling, scoring, tackling and strategies of offensive and defensive play and interpretation of rules. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 106. Downhill Skiing. Instruction in the basic skills of traversing hill, snowplow, stopping and parallel turns. Fee charged. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 107. Beginning Bowling. Beginning instruction in the fundamentals of approach, release, arm swing, picking up spares, methods in scoring, rules, and etiquette on the lanes. Interclass competition with handicaps. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 108. Beginning Golf. Beginning instruction in techniques in putting, short approach shots, and the full swing with irons and woods. Course includes rules and etiquette of golf. Students play at the Longwood Golf Course. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 109. Beginning Volleyball. Instruction in the basic skills of serving, bump, dig, set and spike. Team defensive and offensive strategies and rules are included. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 110. Non-Swimming. Emphasis on physical and mental adjustment to the water through basic swimming and rescue skills. Prerequisites: uncomfortable in water and unable to swim one width of the pool. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 111. Beginning Swimming. Development of the five (5) basic strokes and basic rescue skills. Prerequisites: able to swim a width of the pool on the front and back, but uncomfortable in deep water. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 112. Water Aerobics. Exercising in the water to music for the purpose of improving muscular strength, flexibility, slimness and especially aerobic fitness as well as overall swimming ability. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 113. Beginning Synchronized Swimming. Instruction in rhythmic swimming, figures and sculling techniques. Performance of basic routine to music. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 114. Beginning Scuba Diving. Instruction in scuba diving skills in preparation for open water dives and certification. Fee charged. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 116. Beginning Weight Training. An introductory course with emphasis on current issues dealing with weight training. The student will learn and workout with various weight training programs and apply the principles to his/her individual workouts. The course employs basic techniques in proper lifting with safety procedures involved. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 117. Beginning Canoeing. Basic river paddling skills in canoeing culminating in river trip(s) in class I and class II white water. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 118. Cycling. An introductory activity course with emphasis upon the history and development of the modern bicycle, selection and properly fitting the bicycle to the rider, development of good riding skills, maintenance of the bicycle and knowledge and adherence to correct safety procedures. The class emphasizes the fitness and leisure application of cycling. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 120. Beginning Racquetball. Basic skills and rules of the sport applied to the games of singles, doubles, and 3 player racquetball. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 121. Beginning Archery. Instruction in the basic skills of bracing and embracing the bow, stance, grip, bow arm, nocking, drawing and anchoring, and aiming. Emphasis on fundamental skills and shooting form. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 122. Basketball. Instruction in the fundamentals of individual and team offensive and defensive skills and their applications to the game of basketball. The rules and basic officiating techniques are incorporated. 1 credit.

PHYSCIAL EDUCATION 123. Beginning Equitation. Beginning instruction in balance seat (hands, seat, feet and leg position). Proper method of groom, saddle, bridle, mount and dismount. Fee charged: $140.00. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 124. Camping Skills. Instruction in the basic camping skills such as tent pitching, firebuilding, site selection, meal planning, and trip planning. Students will plan and participate in a weekend camping experience. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 125. Beginning Archery and Badminton. Instruction of the basic skills relating to shooting the arrow and including good form. Instruction in the basic skills and techniques of badminton for singles, doubles and mixed doubles play. A semester course with half the semester in archery and half in badminton. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 126. Beginning Yoga. Instruction in physical (Hatha) postures with the incorporation of breath control and conscious relaxation. Emphasis on stress management, increased vitality and physical well-being. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 127 (DANCE 127). Aerobic Dancing. An aerobic activity which combines different styles of music with vigorous jazz and modern dance movements to increase cardio respiratory fitness. In addition to performing choreographed routines, students receive instruction in monitoring heart rate, injury prevention and a variety of other topics relevant to body/mind wellness. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 128 (DANCE 128). Beginning Social and Recreation Dance. Beginning instruction in the fundamental skills of square dance, folk dance, novelty and contemporary rhythms and in the social dance steps, rhumba, tango, samba, Lindy and fox trot. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 129 (DANCE 129). Beginning Ballet. Dance techniques that evolved over the past five centuries, combined with freer contemporary techniques. It includes barre work: plie, tendu, rond de jambe; center combinations: glissade, assemble; and combinations across the floor: saute and soutenu. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 130 (DANCE 130). Beginning Jazz. Dance style based on a combination of African and European influences which has developed into the dance form seen on Broadway, film and television. Basic skills include stretching exercises for strength and flexibility, isolations and syncopated movements such as rib isolation, kicks, jump turns, and jazz runs. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 131 (DANCE 131). Beginning Modern Dance. Instruction in creative or interpretive dance utilizing specific stretching exercises and movement such as leaps, walks, bends, and turns. Emphasis on performing short dances and creating dances which can be performed with or without music. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 133 (DANCE 133). Ballroom and Social Dance. Introduces the student to the steps, rhythms, and body positions that are fundamental to ballroom and social dances. Dances that will be taught include, but are not limited to the following: waltz, fox trot, cha-cha-cha, tango, rumba, shag, and electric slide. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 134. Track and Field. Instruction in basic track and field events, rules, workouts, and testing. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 136 (DANCE 136). International Folk Dance. Performance of dances from selected countries and early American culture, and an examination of the influence of the culture upon a country’s folk dance and costume. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 137. Orienteering. Fundamental skills for traveling outdoors by map, compass, and observation, and an introduction to orienteering as a competitive cross country sport. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 140. Windsurfing. Introduction to windsurfing, including how to select equipment, rig and care for the board, points of sail, nomenclature and safety. Practical experience will include basic sailing skills-tacking, jibing, beating, reaching and running-and manipulating the rig in and out of water. Prerequisite: able to swim 100 yards. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 141. Aerobic Fitness and Weight Control. Instruction and participation in aerobic exercises and their relationship to personal health, physical fitness and weight control. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 202. Intermediate Fencing. Review of the basic skills. Emphasis on competitive fencing. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 204. Intermediate Tennis. Instruction in spin serve, lob and advanced drive placement. Emphasis on singles and doubles playing strategies. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 207. Intermediate Bowling. Emphasis on improving the basic skills and introduction of the hook delivery. Prerequisites: women-bowl an average of 120; men-bowl an average of 135. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 208. Intermediate Golf. Advanced instruction and practice with the full swing, short game and putting. Emphasis on advanced techniques and strategies related to ball control, sand shots, course management and psychological aspects of the game. Prerequisites: score below 90 on regulation 18 hole golf course or permission of instructor. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 209. Intermediate Volleyball. Review of the basic skills, offenses and defenses, strategies and rules. Instruction in intermediate to advance play and skills. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 211. Intermediate Swimming. Instruction designed to improve skill in mastery of five basic strokes, water safety skills and diving. Prerequisite: able to swim the length of the pool using three (3) different strokes. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 212. Life-guarding and Emergency Water Safety. Instruction in lifesaving, first aid, CPR and lifeguard techniques leading to certification by the American Red Cross. Prerequisite: pass screening test. 2 credits.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 213. Intermediate Synchronized Swimming. Junior level synchronized swimming. Figures and choreography of a routine. Prerequisite: pass screening test. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 214. Advanced Open Scuba and Coral Reef Ecology. Held on Atlantic coral reefs leading to certification in Advanced Open Water (PADI) and Reef Ecology (YMCA). Prerequisite: ten (10) logged dives. (Fee charge.) 2 credits.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 217. Intermediate Canoeing. Development of river paddling skills such as peel out, surfing, ferring, and eddy turns on class II and class III white water. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 223. Intermediate Equitation. Instruction in the fundamentals of position and control with emphasis on security with the walk, trot, and canter. Basic hunter exercises of circles, turns, transition and cross-country riding. (Fee charge.) 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 224. Outdoor Skills. Develop the technical skills and knowledge necessary for participation in back country trips, backpacking, rappelling, rock climbing, orienteering, equipment, clothing and first aid. Prerequisite: PHED 117 or permission of instructor. 2 credits.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 228 (Dance 228). Intermediate Social and Recreation Dance. Advanced instruction in square dance, folk dance, novelty and contemporary rhythms and in the social dance steps. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 229 (Dance 229). Intermediate Ballet. Emphasis on improving ballet skills and on allowing further opportunities for creating and learning dances. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 230 (Dance 230). Intermediate Jazz. Emphasis on improving jazz dance skills and on allowing further opportunities for creating and learning dances. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 231 (Dance 231). Intermediate Modern Dance. Emphasis on improving modern dance skills and on allowing further opportunities for creating and learning dances. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 241. Advanced Aerobics. Instruction and participation in aerobic activities for students with good cardiovascular endurance. The emphasis is on long distance training and its effect on the body systems. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 314. Fitness Swimming. Emphasis on competitive stroke with workouts designed for endurance and speed. 1 credit.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 315. Water Safety Instructor. Methods of teaching and in depth analysis of swimming and personal safety skills leading to American Red Cross certification as a swimming instructor. Prerequisite: pass screening test. 2 credits.

KINESIOLOGY ACTIVITY/THEORY COURSES

KINESIOLOGY 150. Fitness Education. Students in this course will examine issues relating to the teaching of physical fitness in the public schools and will participate in a wide range of fitness activities. These issues include the definition of physical fitness, fitness related to stages of development, and assessment of physical fitness. The main focus of the course, however, will be on the participation in fitness activities that are appropriate for use in educational settings, including aerobic dance. 1 credit.

KINESIOLOGY 175. Introduction to the Profession of Health and Physical Education. An introductory course designed to acquaint students with the health and physical education profession and allied fields. Students will be introduced to the health and physical education major at Longwood and address specific major requirements. 1 credit.

KINESIOLOGY 205. Introduction to Exercise Science. This course is designed to introduce majors to aspects of the content areas in the discipline, including technology, certifications, professional associations, and career opportunities. These initial lessons allow for examination of the philosophical, historical, and psycho-social origin of the fields of exercise science. Current issues and future directions will also be explored. 2 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 216. Essentials of Strength Conditioning. This course addresses the selection and implementation of advanced resistance training methods, focusing primarily on periodization programs. Components include discussions of physiological principles and strength assessment as they relate to resistance training. Prerequisites: PHED 116 and BIOL 207 or permission of the instructor. 3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 275. Foundations of Physical Education And Sport. Survey of the historical philosophical bases of health and physical education. 3 credits. **

KINESIOLOGY 280. Motor Development. Movement changes throughout the lifespan and their implications for the curriculum in physical education. 3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 292. Internship in Physical Education. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of physical education. 1-18 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 295. Special Topics in Physical Education. Selected topics in physical education which will vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 311, 312. Studies Abroad. Primarily intended for transfer of credit earned abroad in courses on physical education. 1-18 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 350. Skill Acquisition and Analysis I: Team Sports. The purpose of this course is to provide learning experiences that will lead to the development of basic skills in team sports. In addition to skill acquisition, the course will focus on how to plan the four stages of games skill development through the use of extending, refining, and application tasks. An emphasis will be placed on the use of the games stages and movement framework as a guide for designing a variety of sport games experiences for the grades 5-12 student. 3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 351. Skill Acquisition and Analysis II: Educational Gymnastics and Dance. The purpose of this course is to provide learning experiences that will lead to the development of basic skills in educational gymnastics and dance. The course will focus on how to plan, develop and implement gymnastic movements, routines, dance steps and sequences. 3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 352. Skill Acquisition and Analysis III: Lifetime Activities. The purpose of this course is to provide learning experiences that will lead to the development of fundamental skills used in lifetime activities and expertise in teaching. The course will focus on how to plan for the four stages of game skill development. 3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 362. Organization and Administration of Intramurals. Practice and theory in organizing and administering intramurals. 3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 363. Assessment and Evaluation in Health and Physical Education. Contemporary practice and theory in assessment of performance in health and physical education in the NK-12 setting. This includes strategies for selection, administration, and evaluation of assessment tools in health-related fitness, skill and motor performance, the cognitive domain, measuring affective behavior, as well as grading performances. 3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 364. Adapted Physical Education. Symptoms, causes and implications of various types of disabilities in relation to programming. Techniques in individual educational planning, activity adaptation and classroom organization. 3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 377 (old 380). Teaching Elementary Physical Education. The first of three courses in the pedagogy sequence is designed to explore the teaching-learning process and develop teaching skills. This course focuses specifically on the planning and implementation of developmentally appropriate physical education programs in the elementary school. Issues such as diversity, curriculum development aligned with the Virginia Standards of Learning, interdisciplinary teaching through physical education, behavior management, teaching techniques with emphasis on the “Skill Themes” approach, and assessment of learning. PHETE candidates will have field teaching experiences with PK-4 students. Co-requisite: KINS 351. Pre-requisite: Admission to Teacher Preparation Program which includes passing Praxis I. 4 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 378 (old 381). Teaching Middle School Physical Education. This is the second course in the pedagogy sequence and is designed to explore the teaching-learning process and develop teaching skills specifically for the middle school grades (grades 5-8). This course focuses specifically on the planning and implementation of a developmentally appropriate physical education program for the middle school (grades 5-8). Learning experiences are provided to address issues such as diversity, characteristics of children in the middle school years, curriculum development aligned with the Virginia Standards of Learning, behavior management, teaching techniques and assessment of learning. Teacher candidates will have an extensive field teaching experience at the middle school level. Co-requisite: KINS 350. Pre-requisite: KINS 377. 4 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 382. Teaching High School Physical Education. This is the third course in the pedagogy sequence and allows teacher candidates to refine their teaching skills prior to student teaching. The course focuses on the high school level of physical education (9-12). In high school physical education, students are to develop the skills necessary to become physically active for a lifetime. To accomplish that goal, this course covers such issues as characteristics of learners, curriculum development aligned with the Virginia Standards of Learning, behavior management, teaching techniques, and assessment of learning, with special emphasis on the “Sport Education” model of teaching physical education as students learn lifetime physical activities. Teacher candidates will have an extensive field teaching experience at the high school level. This course is designed as speaking intensive. Co-requisite: KINS 352.  Pre-requisite: KINS 378. 4 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 385. Sport Psychology. An examination of the psychological dimensions which influence an athlete’s skill acquisition and performance in the competitive environment. 3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 386. Biomechanics. The analysis of human movement with an emphasis on the knowledge and methods of mechanics applied to the structure and function of the human system. This course provides a knowledge base for a systematic analysis of motor skills and exercise regimes as well as practical experience in applying knowledge to the analysis of a performer and/or performance. Prerequisite: Biology 207 or permission from program coordinator. 4 credits. **

KINESIOLOGY 387. Physiology of Exercise. Lecture and laboratory experiences in the physiological responses of the body to the physical activity in everyday life and in sports. Prerequisites: Biology 206 and Biology 207. 4 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 389. Elementary School Health and Physical Education. Health and physical education principles and activities for the elementary school. For elementary majors. 3 credits.

KINESIOLGOY 390. Directed or Independent Study. Must be approved by the head of the department. May be repeated as 391. 1-18 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 392. Fitness Internship. An 8-10 week supervised field experience (minimum of 320 clock hours). The internship will take place during the summer between the junior and senior years. To be eligible for participation the student must be of junior standing, enrolled in the fitness specialist option and have an overall GPA of 2.0. Prerequisites: KINS 387, 486. 8 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 393, 394, 395, 396. Principles and Techniques of Officiating. The study of current roles and practices in the techniques of officiating. (393-Field Hockey; 394-Gymnastics; 395-Volleyball; 396-Basketball) 1 credit.

KINESIOLOGY 397. Mechanical and Physiological Principles of Sport and Exercise. The physiological responses of the body to exercise and the mechanical principles of human movement. Designed for students other than physical education majors; physical education majors may not take this course. 3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 398. Ethics in Sport and Physical Education. An examination of the basic philosophic issues concerning ethics and moral reasoning and how these issues relate to sport. Students will be encouraged to develop their ability to make informed ethical choices and decisions relating both to sport and to their own personal and professional lives. This course is designed for all students of any major Junior or Senior Status. 3 credits. *

KINESIOLOGY 399. Advanced Exercise Physiology. A study of the acute and chronic physiologic adaptations to anaerobic and aerobic energy metabolism, energy support systems, and adaptations to training. 3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 462. Organization and Administration of Health and Physical Education Programs. Administrative theory applicable to a variety of settings including education, industry, health clubs, Y’s. 3 credits. **

KINESIOLOGY 470. Research in Health, Recreation and Kinesiology. Methods, techniques, and application of the research process related to a variety of functions typically found in health, physical education, and recreation professions. Designed to acquaint students with practical and applicable tools emphasizing research methodology and elementary data treatment through practical experiences, including computer use. 3 credits. ** and ***

KINESIOLOGY 482. Directed Teaching in Elementary and Secondary Physical Education and Health. Students are placed in elementary and secondary schools where they are responsible for the planning and delivery of instruction in the areas of health and physical education. 50 percent of the experience is spent at the elementary level (K-6) and 50 percent at the secondary level (6-12). The experience is directed by a cooperating teacher(s) and a Longwood supervisor direct to the experience. 12 credits. $300 fee.

KINESIOLOGY 483. Seminar in Teaching. This seminar provides an opportunity for teacher candidates during the student teaching experience to interact with peers, PK-12 teachers, and professors about teaching, ideas, and innovations. Reflection on the teaching experience is emphasized. Critical issues in teaching are discussed. Practical solutions to the teacher candidates’ most pressing challenges are explored. The teacher candidate will prepare an interview/employment portfolio and complete a Teacher Work Sample. 2 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 485. Motor Learning and Control. Processes and conditions influencing the acquisition and performance of motor skills. 3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 486. Exercise Testing and Prescription. This course is designed to provide students with an understanding of fundamental guidelines for exercise testing and prescription methodologies and clinical experiences in applying these methodologies while working under the guidance of an academic supervisor. Students will also gain knowledge relating to the administration of programs for special populations. Students will work in a minimum of one practicum setting during this course. Prerequisite: KINS 387 or permission of the Instructor. 3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 487. Clinical Exercise Physiology. Designed to advance student’s knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSA’s) of exercise testing, prescription, metabolic assessment, and fitness program administration to assist both pre-professionals in the field and candidates for certification. Clinical experience is emphasized. Prerequisite: KINS 486. 3 credits.***

KINESIOLOGY 488. Exercise Intervention in Disease. This course examines the impact of exercise on the disease process, focusing primarily on cardiovascular disease and diabetes, and to a lesser extent on pulmonary disease and osteoporosis. Emphasis is placed on a review of epidemiological research and exercise/diet intervention studies. Prerequisites: KINS 386, 387, 486 or permission of instructor. 3 credits.***

KINESIOLOGY 490. Independent Study. Must be approved by the head of the department. May be repeated. 1-18 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 492. Internship. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of physical education. 1-18 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 495. Special Topics in Physical Education. Selected topics in physical education which will vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits. Prerequisite: permission of the Instructor.

KINESIOLOGY 496. Coaching Interscholastic and Intercollegiate Athletics. A seminar course to include the following topics: the role of athletics in the education setting, the organization and administration of athletics on the interscholastic and intercollegiate levels, the role of the teacher/coach, and special issues in athletics. 3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 497. Special Projects in Physical Education. Independent study and research projects for qualified students. 1-3 credits.

KINESIOLOGY 498. Honors Research in Physical Education. Students conduct research in physical education under the direction of a faculty member and the Senior Honors Research Committee. May be repeated as 499. 3 credits. **

RECREATION COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

Writing Intensive Courses **

Speaking Intensive Courses ***

RECREATION 110. Introduction to Therapeutic Recreation. History, philosophy, rationale for service and overview of the profession of therapeutic recreation; and overview of therapeutic recreation settings and employment opportunities. 3 credits.

RECREATION 111. Foundation of Leisure Services. The history and development of the recreation profession, definitions of recreation, theories of play, and the role of recreation and leisure in society. Providers of leisure services and general operational aspects of various organizations and agencies are investigated. 3 credits. **

RECREATION 115. Arthritis Aquatics Practicum. A course designed to provide students with a practical experience in teaching aquatic exercise for individuals diagnosed with arthritis. Topics include the meaning and types of arthritis, benefits of exercise, safety issues, and teaching older adults basic and endurance aquatic exercise. 1 credit.

RECREATION 120. Therapeutic Recreation: Professional Practice I. This course will introduce the student to professional behaviors and beginning professional practice skills in therapeutic recreation services; overview the diagnostic groupings and populations served in health care settings, and community services promoting health and well-being. 3 credits.

RECREATION 205. Recreation Leadership and Activity. The development of creative leadership skills, methods, and techniques that can be applied in various recreational settings through the use of social and informal recreational activities. 3 credits.

RECREATION 206. Introduction to American Sign Language. A practical study of deaf culture and the history, origin and techniques of American Sign Language (ASL) with application in a variety of settings providing services to members of the deaf community. 3 credits.

RECREATION 207. Intermediate American Sign Language. Provide students with additional American Sign Language structure and sign language vocabulary. Emphasizes linguistic aspects of ASL, including classifiers, syntax, locatives, placement, and various sentence types. Develops skill in expressive/receptive use of language. Prerequisite: RECR 206. 3 credits.

RECREATION 210. Plan and Design of Recreation Areas and Facilities. This course is designed to analyze the many elements of managing recreational resources. Topics to be discussed include indoor and outdoor facility usage, maintenance and operation, design, management application, and liability/risk management issues. 3 credits.

RECREATION 237. Adventure Education Programming. This course will involve the theory and application of outdoor and experiential education; students will have the opportunity to plan, organize and implement a variety of outdoor and environmental education activities for a variety of age and population groups. Students will also learn and practice specific skills related to camping and outdoor education activities. 3 credits.

RECREATION 250. Leisure Education and Counseling. This course is an exploration and application of the various theories and practice of leisure education. Emphasis will be placed on the exploration of self in relation to leisure behavior. Instruction will also include: teaching methods, the learning of appropriate activities; and leisure counseling sessions. 2 credits.

RECREATION 292. Internship in Recreation. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of recreation. 1-18 credits.

RECREATION 295. Special Topics in Recreation. Selected topics in recreation which will vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.

RECREATION 300. Pre-Internship Seminar. Lecture, discussion, and lab experiences to prepare majors for their internships. Topics will include agency and college relationships, resume writing, self-assessment, professional standards, organizations and ethics, interviewing techniques, and placement opportunities. 1 credit.

RECREATION 301. Therapeutic Recreation in Mental Health. An exploration of socio-cultural and psycho-dynamic dimensions of mental health and mental illness. Students will draw from foundation of abnormal behavior; focus on functioning characteristics of different mental illnesses as determined by the DSM-IV, and the preventative and restorative functions of therapeutic recreation and application of the therapeutic recreation process. Prerequisites: PSYC 356, RECR 205, 320, 371. 3 credits.

RECREATION 303. Therapeutic Recreation and Physical Disabilities. In-depth study of predominant physical disabilities and implications for therapeutic recreation intervention. Includes focus on specific rehabilitation and habilitation services, activities and technologies; over-view of competitive and recreational sport adaptations; legislation and safety issues; and recreation and support organizations for people who are physically challenged. Prerequisites: BIOL 206, BIOL 207, RECR 371. 3 credits.

RECREATION 304. Leisure and Aging: Therapeutic Services. This course explores the process of aging, including biological and sociological aspects. Theories of aging, concepts of leisure and aging, and principles and practices related to delivery, planning, implementation, and evaluation of leisure services of older adults are investigated. Prerequisite: RECR 205. Co-requisite: RECR 320, 371 or permission of the Program Coordinator. 3 credits.

RECREATION 311, 312. Studies Abroad. Primarily intended for transfer of credit earned abroad in courses on recreation per semester. 1-18 credits.

RECREATION 320. Facilitation Techniques in Therapeutic Recreation. This course prepares therapeutic recreation students in the technical realm by identifying and applying the principles of planning, leading and evaluating therapeutic intervention (facilitation) techniques which are used to empower individuals with disabilities to overcome difficulties or obstacles. Prerequisites: PSYC 330, RECR 205, 250, 338. 3 credits.***

RECREATION 338. Outdoor Education in the Schools. Development of outdoor education theory and understanding of components and implementations of an outdoor education program in a K-12 curriculum. Utilization of outdoor skills to develop the ability to teach and broaden students’ physical, social, and cognitive skills important in the educational process. Prerequisite: KINS 380. 2 credits.

RECREATION 340. Introduction to Outdoor Adventure Skills. This course will address the basic skills in canoeing, rock climbing, and orienteering. Students will learn the skills, techniques and safety factors involved in each activity and are able to transfer skills into practice. 3 credits.

RECREATION 350. Ropes Course and Initiative Dynamics. Provides physical and mental challenges through adventure activities. Leadership, communication, decision-making and problem solving will be enhanced. The development of creativity, ingenuity, and trust are essential elements that will be experienced throughout the course. 2 credits.

RECREATION 360. Therapeutic Recreation for Children Disabilities. This course is designed to prepare TR students for work with children challenged by illnesses, disabilities or environmental situations requiring particular sensitivity and specialized therapeutic interventions. Prerequisites: BIOL 206, 207, PSYC 330, RECR 250, 320, 371. 3 credits.

RECREATION 371. Program Planning in Leisure Services. Application of the essential elements of programming within the context of recreation and leisure services. This course will address both the theory and techniques of recreation programming, reflecting a benefit-based approach; and designed to support programming with a socially purposeful end for varied constituent groups. Prerequisites: BIOL 206, 207, PSYC 330, RECR 205, 250. 3 credits.

RECREATION 375. Leadership Development through Wilderness Pursuits. Leadership development through a variety of outdoor experiences and situations. Demonstrations and practical applications of technical skills, problem solving, decision making, and group dynamics. Planning, implementation, and development of outdoor skills and knowledge for back-country travel. 3 credits.

RECREATION 390. Directed or Independent Study. Must be approved by the head of the department. May be repeated as 391. 1-18 credits.

RECREATION 392. Junior Internship. A 10-12 week supervised practicum in clinical, community or outdoor therapeutic recreation settings during the summer after completion of the junior year. Prerequisites: RECR 301, 303, 304, 320, 360, 408, HLTH 260; and 2.25 overall GPA and 2.50 in major. 6 credits.

RECREATION 408. Therapeutic Recreation: Professional Practice II. Current principles and practice of therapeutic recreation will be studied and applied through the use of systematic programming. Emphasis placed on assessment, individual treatment plans, documentation and client evaluation; and advanced professional communication and behavior. Prerequisites: Taken semester prior to Junior Internship; and RECR 304, 320, 371. Co-requisites: RECR 301, 303, 360. 3 credits.

RECREATION 410. Supervision and Administration of Recreation. Application of management theory and techniques of leisure service delivery, including such areas as organization, supervision techniques, financing and budget, personnel, public relations, legal foundations and liability. Prerequisites: RECR 301, 303, 304, 320, 360, 392. 3 credits.

RECREATION 420. Environmental Education Resources. This course is designed to explore and provide ways to sensitize human beings to the environment. Emphasis will be placed on examining a variety of ways to interpret the environment in order for people to develop environmental ethics and behaviors. Topics such as history and philosophy, environmental ethics, culture and environmental values and environmental education will be covered. Unique to this class will be the opportunity to apply class information to practical experience in teaching and the development of environmental projects. 3 credits.

RECREATION 437. Group Dynamics. Includes analyses of TRS group facilitation styles, skills and techniques. Content and exercises emphasize comprehension of small group behavior; group processes and dynamics; verbal and non-verbal communication, and effective problem-solving and decision-making. Prerequisite: RECR 392 or permission of instructor. 3 credits.***

RECREATION 461. Senior Seminar. This course is the capstone course for the therapeutic recreation degree. The student will be provided opportunities for critical thinking and application of knowledge and skills acquired throughout the program; and an examination of modern trends and issues in current recreation literature and the leisure industry, from the philosophical basis of social responsibility for the public good. Senior internship and credentialing procedures will be addressed. Prerequisites: RECR 392, 408 and permission of the Program Coordinator. Co-requisites: RECR 410, 437, 470. 3 credits.

RECREATION 463. Special Projects in Therapeutic Recreation. Qualified students will pursue independent study projects and/or directed research under supervision of an instructor. Nature of study will depend on interests and needs of the students. 1-3 credits.

RECREATION 470. Research in Health, Recreation, and Kinesiology. Methods, techniques, and application of the research process related to a variety of functions typically found in health, physical education, and recreation professions. Designed to acquaint students with practical and applicable tools emphasizing research methodology and elementary data treatment through practical experiences, including computer use. Prerequisites: RECR 392, 408. Co-requisites: RECR 410, 437, 461. 3 credits.**

RECREATION 487. Practicum Experience in Outdoor Education. Students will work in an outdoor education related position OR participate in an outdoor education program. Length and intensity of job and/or experience will directly relate to number of credits received (1-3). The experience will enable students to broaden their perspective about career choices and strengthen their knowledge, skills and experience in outdoor education. Students are expected to participate in an experience that will provide them an extended experience and exposure in an outdoor setting. 1-3 credits.

RECREATION 490. Independent Study. Individualized study. 1-18 credits.

RECREATION 492. Senior Internship  A minimum of 14 weeks (560 hours) educational experience during the senior year designed to provide maximum opportunities for the student majoring in therapeutic recreation to participate in selected professional laboratory experiences. Spring only or permission from Program Coordinator. Prerequisites: Completion of all coursework, minimum GPA 2.50 TR content courses, and GPA 2.25 overall, permission of the Program Coordinator. 12 credits. $100 fee.

RECREATION 495. Special Topics in Recreation. Selected topics in recreation which will vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.

RECREATION 498. Honors Research in Recreation. Students conduct research in recreation under the direction of a faculty member and the Senior Honors Research Committee. May be repeated as 499. 3 credits.**

 
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