Cigarette Butt Litter Links and Sources
Information on the Clean Virginia Waterways' cigarette litter site has been compiled from many sources, including:
The Ocean Conservancy
World Health Organization
U.S. Department of Agriculture
US Department of Health and Human Services
US Centers for Disease Control
Other cigarette litter sites of interest:
A not-for-profit organization dedicated to significantly reducing the amount of cigarette litter through educational campaigns. This web site is designed to get the facts out about cigarette litter to both smokers and nonsmokers. Once people know the truth, they will be much more hesitant to unthinkingly flick their cigarette butts on the ground.
Keep America Beautiful has a new program devoted to reducing cigarette litter. Keep America has conducted several pilot studies in communities across the nation to determine the best practices for reducing smoking-related litter. Read about their program and how your community can help fight this form of litter.
Philip Morris, USA states on its website "We know that cigarettes are often improperly disposed of in America. PM USA communicates with smokers on cigarette packs and through its corporate and consumer websites that cigarette butts are litter and should be disposed of properly. The company also works with others who care about this issue." Visit the Philip Morris USA website for more information on what they are doing to reduce this form of litter.
The US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has an interesting web site "Tobacco Information and Prevention Source." It includes links to health-related sites. http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/
Fairfax County in Virginiacigarette litter page
Read all about cigarette butt litter!
Click here to read an article that was published in the August 2000 issue of the American Littoral Society journal, The Underwater Naturalist. This article, by CVW's Executive Director Kathleen M. Register, includes background data, such as the fact that 2.1 billion pounds of cigarette filters were discarded worldwide in 1998, along with results of her research showing that leached chemicals from cigarette filters are deadly to the water flea Daphnia magna, a small crustacean at the lower end of, but important to the aquatic food chain.
Students and Teachers:
Are you interested in doing a science fair project on cigarette litter? Click here for ideas and information.
Disclaimer: The "links" to other Internet addresses contain information created, published, maintained, or otherwise posted by institutions or organizations independent of Clean Virginia Waterways. CVW does not endorse, approve, certify, or control these external Internet addresses and does not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficacy, timeliness, or correct sequencing of information located at such addresses. Use of any information obtained from these addresses should only be undertaken after an independent review of its accuracy, completeness, efficacy, and timeliness. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, service mark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by CVW.
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