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Publications

These two reports represent the most extensive, long-term research project focused on balloon-related litter, its impacts and solutions:

 

Balloon Litter on Virginia's Remote Beaches

More than 11,400 balloons, balloon pieces and attachments were found on Virginia’s most remote beaches by Clean VA Waterways' researchers as part of a five-year study of balloon litter in coastal environments of Virginia. Balloon litter was the #1 most frequently found type of marine debris on these beaches.

A report from Clean Virginia Waterways of Longwood University to the Virginia Coastal Zone Management Program by Christina Trapani, Kathy O'Hara and Katie Register.

 

Balloon Release Research in Virginia - 2017 report

Balloon Release Research in Virginia & Reducing Balloon Debris through Community-Based Social Marketing. 2017. Summarizes 3 years of research on WHO plans balloon releases, WHY they do it, and ALTERNATIVES that are litter-free. Final report to the NOAA Marine Debris Program from the VA Coastal Zone Management Program and Clean Virginia Waterways. 117 pages.

A report from the Virginia Coastal Zone Management Program and Clean Virginia Waterways of Longwood University to NOAA Marine Debris Program by Virginia Witmer, Katie Register and Laura McKay.

 

Balloon Monitoring Protocol

Balloon Litter Monitoring and Assessment for the Coastal Environment: A Protocol. July 2018. This detailed protocol outlines how to collect data about balloon litter on beaches.

A report from Clean Virginia Waterways of Longwood University to the Virginia Coastal Zone Management Program by Kathy O'Hara, Christina Trapani and Katie Register.

 

Beachy Clean: 2017 Progress Report. December 2017. This is a summary of the Beachy Clean community education campaign that targets beach visitors with litter-prevention messages. 23 pages.

A report from Clean Virginia Waterways of Longwood University to Keep America Beautiful by Katie Register and Christina Trapani.

     

Reaching Beach Visitors: A Unique Cigarette Litter Prevention Program. May 2017. Clean Virginia Waterways developed a cigarette litter prevention campaign that focused on beach visitors. This report covers our work and our findings.

A report from Clean Virginia Waterways of Longwood University to Keep America Beautiful by Katie Register and Christina Trapani.

 

Monitoring Marine Debris in Virginia's Coastal Zone: Project Report. 2016. For 30 months, the Virginia Aquarium & CVW monitored four coastal beaches. This report shows the data collected, including the fact that more that 80% of debris items were made of plastic.

A report from the Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center to the Virginia Coastal Zone Management Program by Katie Register, Christina Trapani and Mark Swingle.

     

Virginia Marine Debris Reduction Plan: Summary and Look Forward. 2016. This is a summary of the key goals of the Virginia Marine Debris Reduction Plan. 20 pages.

 

2nd Virginia Marine Debris Summit: Report. 2016. This document captures the ideas and highlights of the 2nd Virginia Marine Debris Summit. 155 pages.

Virginia Marine Debris Emergency Response Guide. 2017. Occasionally, large amounts of debris enter nearshore coastal waterways during natural disasters. This debris can be a hazard to navigation, damage habitat, and pose pollution threats. Download this Guide from NOAA to learn more.

 

Developing a Marine Debris Reduction Plan for Virginia. 2014. This document explains the steps that the VA Marine Debris Leadership Team took (research, surveys, interviews, setting priorities, etc.) as it developed this statewide plan. Virginia is the first state on the East Coast with a plan in place. 112 pages.

 

 

 

 

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