What is it?
A sore throat often makes it painful to swallow. A sore throat can also feel dry and scratchy. A sore throat is a frequent symptom of the common cold or other acute respiratory tract infections. In some cases, a lab test will need to be done to determine if you or your child needs antibiotics.
What causes it?
Most sore throats are caused by viruses, like ones that cause a cold or the flu
Some sore throats, like strep throat, are caused by bacteria; strep throat is caused by Group A streptococcus
Other causes include:
Pollution (airborne chemicals or irritants)
Smoking or exposure to second hand smoke
Signs and Symptoms of a Viral Infection Accompanied by a Sore Throat
- Watery eyes
- Mild headache
- Mild body aches
- Runny nose
- Low-grade fever (less than 102°F)
Preventing a Sore Throat
- Practice good hand hygiene
- Avoid close contact with people who have colds or other upper respiratory infections
- Avoid smoking
- Avoid exposure to second hand smoke and do not expose children to second hand smoke
How to Feel Better
Rest, over-the-counter medicines and other self-care methods may help you feel better