KINS 398 - 41
ETHICS IN SPORT AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION
Instructor: J. Charles Blauvelt
Office: 106 Willett Hall
Office telephone: (434) 395 2544
HRK Office telephone: (434) 395 2533
Home telephone: (434) 392 9484
Office Hours: By appointment
Course Hours: MTWRF 1:00-3:45 PM
Room: 103 Willett
COURSE DESCRIPTION: An examination of the basic philosophical issues concerning ethics and moral reasoning and how these issues relate to sport. Students will be encouraged to develop their ability to make informed ethical choices and decisions relating both to sport and to their own personal and professional lives. This course is designed for all students of any major.
Malloy, D.; Ross; & Zakus, D. (2003). Sport ethics: Concepts and cases in sport and recreation (2nd ed.).
Rachels, J. (2007) The
elements of moral philosophy(5TH
GENERAL EDUCATION OUTCOMES
This course is designed to meet the Longwood College General Education Goal 13: The ability to make informed, ethical choices and decisions and to weigh the consequences of those choices.
All courses within this goal are designed to result in the following student outcomes:
1. Identify the ethical issues implicit in personal behavior and in the operation of political, social, and economic institutions.
2. Understand various approaches to making informed and principled choices. Consider how these approaches might be applied to conflicts in their personal and public lives.
3. Understand the impact of individual and collective choice in society.
At the completion of the course the student will be able to:
The value of sport
1. Recognize that sport has been an important human endeavor and describe the personal and social value that sport has offered throughout history.
2. Recognize and explain how sport as a social institution both influences and is influenced by other social institutions including religion.
3. Identify and discuss the broad developments that have lead to recent political, social, technological, and cultural changes in sport.
Introduction to philosophy and ethics
4. discuss the purposes of philosophy.
5. list the different branches of philosophy and give examples of questions asked in each branch.
6. offer some commonly held definitions of ethics and of morality
7. explain reasons for acting morally and ethically.
8. briefly describe the contributions of various philosophers to the field of ethics, including Kant, Plato, Aristotle, Mill, Thomas Aquinas, and others.
9. define and explain the differences among non-consequential (deontological) , consequential (teleological), and existential theories as bases for ethical decision making.
Systems for rendering ethical judgment
14. list and describe the steps of "The Five Step Approach" (as defined by Malloy et. al. - the course textbook).
18. act ethically in personal and professional situations related to sport, exercise, health, and education
19.describe and analyze various professional codes of ethics in the fields of sport, exercise, health, and education.
I. Course introduction
A. Introductory activity
1. personal experiences
2. thinking about ethics
3. thinking about sport ethics
4. thinking about personal ethical values
5. course purposes
B. Policy and procedures
1. “Rules of Engagement”
II. The value of sport
A. Historical purposes of sport
B. Sport and social institutions
C. Current political, social, technological and cultural changes in sport
III. Introduction to philosophy and ethics
A. Branches of philosophy
B. Purposes of philosophy
C Definitions of ethics and morality
D. Reasons for acting ethically and morally
E.. History: Influential moral philosophers
F. Bases for ethical decision making
1. Consequentialism (Teleology)
2. Non-consequentialism (Deontology)
IV. Elements of moral philosophy
A. Defining Morality
B. Cultural Relativism
D. Morality and Religion
F. Absolute Moral Rules/Kant
G. The Social Contract
V. A System for rendering ethical judgment: “The Five-Step approach”
VI. Sport ethics
A. ethical principles for sport
B. current ethical issues in sport
1. fairplay, sportsmanship, cheating
2. performance enhancing drugs and sport
3. gender equity in sport
4. race and sport
5. violence and sport
6. youth sport
7. education and sport
8. autonomy and paternalism
9. economics and sport
10. politics and sport
11. other issues
VII. Professional ethics - Codes of ethics
JUL 13 Introductory activity: “Thinking about ethics” / Policies and procedures
14 The value of sport - Readings: Malloy Ch. 2/ The importance of sport
15 Introduction to ethics/A Model for ethical decision making: The “five-step approach”.
16 The “five-step approach”/ Practicing the model: Ethical issues in sport
17 Exam # 1/Description of student presentations. / Branches of philosophy/Influential moral philosophers
20 Review exam
Defining morality - reading: Rachels Ch. 1
Cultural relativism - readings: Rachels Ch 2
21 Subjectivism - readings: Rachels Ch. 3
Religion and morality - readings: Rachels Ch. 4
22 Utilitariansim - readings: Rachels Ch. 7 & 8
23 Absolute moral rules/Kant - readings: Rachels Ch. 9 & 10
24 The social contract - readings: Rachels Ch. 11
Review of Rachels
27 Exam # 2
28 Review Exam/Student Presentations 1, 2, 3
29 Student Presentations 4, 5, 6
30 Final Exam
31 Make up day
1 final exam
1 class presentation
Exam # 1 20
Exam # 2 20
Final Exam 20
Class presentation 20
DESCRIPTION OF ASSIGNMENTS
Oral Presentation: Select an issue in sports ethics that interests you. This issue could come from some "hot" topic that is currently being discussed. This is not a requirement, however, and if you wish to explore a "classic" issue of sports ethics, please feel free to do so. In addition, those students with majors other than Kinesiology or Recreation may, with the permission of the instructor, select a topic outside the field of sport. When you select an issue, inform the instructor. On the day of your presentation you should be prepared to do the following: 1) Present a thorough description of the issue. Make sure you gather enough information so that the class can make a logical analysis. You may bring newspaper articles, journals, etc. to supplement your presentation 2) Lead a class discussion on the issue. Make sure you encourage the participants to think "philosophically", that is use the methods of reasoning we have learned in the class. 3) Finish by summarizing the class perspective and then presenting the conclusion(s) reached. Your evaluation will be based both on your presentation skills (e.g. voice, speech patterns, clarity, etc.) and on your ability to guide the class in approaching the subject in a philosophical manner.
Participation: Because of the short duration of a summer term class and because of the seminar nature of this class, a course grade will be assigned to student participation. 10 of the 20 points for participation will depend on student attendance. Grades will be reduced by 2 points for each excused absence and 4 points for each unexcused absence. The remaining 10 points will be based on the quantity and quality of student participation in class discussions and on student participation in current ethical issues discussions.
Students should not that the participation grade is IN ADDITION to the standard Longwood University Attendance Policy that is described below.
Extra Credit: Students have the opportunity to earn up to 6 points extra credit by completing two different assignments. Each assignment is worth 3 pts.
1. Current Event Presentation: On most days, class will begin with an opportunity to discuss current ethical issues in sport and society in general. Students should keep up with current events via newspapers, magazines, radio, television, and the internet. If you come across an issue that you believe would be of interest to the class, please bring it to the attention of the class during the open discussion period. If it is from a print or internet source, bring in a copy of the article. If it is from radio or television, write the source and a brief summary. Please hand the article/summary to the instructor after the discussion to verify your participation in this activity.
2. Movie critique:
a. Gone Baby Gone - View the recent film Gone Baby Gone. Write a brief paper that answers the following questions: What would you have done if you were the detective played by Casey Affleck? Which character made the correct ethical decision? Why, what is the ethical basis for your decision? Please note, you do NOT have to write a summary of the film or a critique of its’ quality. Just concentrate on the ethical dilemma.
If you choose to do this assignment, have patience. You will probably be unaware
that there is even an ethical dilemma until the very end of the film. Until then, just
enjoy the film as a detective story.
b. Doubt – View the recent film Doubt. Write a brief paper discussing whether the character played by Meryl Streep was ethically correct in accusing the priest of child molestation and in lying in order to pressure him to resign. Also, discuss whether you think it is ever permissible to act to prevent a serious crime when our only proof is our “gut feeling”.
c. My Sister’s Keeper - View the current film My Sister’s Keeper. Write a brief paper discussing whether it is ethical to genetically engineer a child in order to harvest blood, marrow, and body parts for another child.
Because of the short duration of summer courses and because of the seminar nature of the course, it is essential that students attend class and participate in class discussions. Therefore, the Longwood Attendance Policy will be followed. That is, students who have unexcused absences for 10% or more of the scheduled class days will have their grade lowered by 1 letter grade. For purposes of this summer course, this clause will be invoked on the third absence. Students missing more than 25 % of the classes (excused & unexcused) will receive an "F". This will be invoked on the fourth absence.
This is an ETHICS CLASS! It should go without saying that students are expected to comply with all requirements of the Longwood College Honor Code.
· The films Million Dollar Baby; MurderBall; Ringer; Bigger, Stronger, Faster.
· The Michael Vick case and dog fighting in general.
· Tim Donaghy (NBA referee accused of point shaving)
· Nick Saban, Frank Beamer, Al Groh and college coaching salaries.
· Bobby Petrino, Nick Saban and others leaving jobs.
· Arrests of NFL football players, Pacman Jones suspension and appeal.
· Barry Bonds home run record.
· Congressional hearings on steroid use – Clemons, Tejada, McGwire, Sosa, Palmiero, Canseco, Bonds, etc.
BALCO Case – Conte,
· Floyd Landis and Tour de France
· Chad Johnson, Steve Smith, Terrel Owens, Soccer playes, etc. – touchdown/goal celebrations
· Racism is European soccer
· Zinedane Zidane – head butt in World Cup
· Pacers/Pistons Brawl
· Uniforms used by girls/women athletes who are Muslims
· Kelly Tilghman’s use of the word “lynching”.
· Oscar Pistorius – disabled athletes competing with able bodied athletes.
· The Bejing Olympics
· The Terry Schiavo case (assisted suicide/ending life support)
· The war in
· Lectronic surveillance of citizens of USA/Patriot act
· Governor of
· Embryonic stem cell research
· Abortion – parental notification, bans on “partial birth abortion”
· The “morning after pill”
· Health care
· Genetic alterations
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Boss, J. (2005). Analyzing moral issues.
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