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French 400/500 ~ German 400/500 ~ Spanish 400/500

English as a Second Language 400/500


Approaches to Teaching French, German, Spanish, English as a Second Language

Fall 2015

Professional Course to fulfill requirements for the K-12 teaching license in Virginia



Instructor: Lily Anne Goetz, Ph.D.

Office Hours:    MWF 12-1:00   &    W 3:00-5:00    and by appointment

Office:  Grainger 320, Longwood University         Office Telephone: (434) 395-2158


Textbook website:

Introduction:  Welcome to FREN/GERM/SPAN/TESL 400/500, our profession’s class designed to prepare you to become a foreign language or ESL teacher or to prepare you to improve your teaching skills and become a more effective teacher. The purpose of this document is to provide you with detailed information about the expectations for the course, as well as some suggestions about how to get the most out of this course.

Important dates:  This course begins on August 24 and ends December 10. 

Last day to drop this class:  August 31 Last day to withdraw with a grade of W:  October 14.

All assignment due dates are available in the Timeline accompanying this syllabus.


 Course descriptions:

French 400, German 400, Spanish 400, English as a Second Language 400: Approaches to Teaching French, German, Spanish, English as a Second Language.   A study of theories of second language acquisition and their application to the teaching of languages in a communicative, interactive approach at the primary, middle, and secondary levels.  Attention will be given to the teaching and testing of listening, reading, writing, speaking and cultural understanding.  Students will develop lesson plans, engage in peer-teaching, and integrate technology into teaching.  Students should take this course in the semester prior to student teaching.  3 credits.

French 500, German 500, Spanish 500, English as a Second Language 500:  Approaches to Teaching French, German, Spanish, English as a Second Language.  A study of current theory and methods of language teaching.  May be repeated for credit when topics change.  3 credits.

NOTE: Graduate students who are not enrolled in the Longwood University graduate program, and who are taking graduate courses as non-degree-seeking students, can take up to nine credit hours of Longwood classes that will count for degree credit upon admission.

   Texts and Required Materials and Memberships:
Shrum, Judith L., and Eileen W. Glisan. Teacher's Handbook: Contextualized Language Instruction . 4th ed.  Boston: Heinle and Heinle, 2010.  ISBN-13:  978-1-4130-3321-2  /  ISBN-10: 1-4130-3321-0.

Textbook website:


Membership in FLAVA or VATESOL or your state’s foreign language or ESL professional organization is required, as well as registration and attendance at the 2013 conference of one of these organizations. 

     See details for the Conference Requirement



Course content: Study and discussion of theories and methods used in foreign language education on the primary, middle, and secondary levels. Topics may include:

an examination of the history of language teaching methodologies;

knowledge of and practical application of current second language acquisition theories to the language classroom

the National Foreign Language and ESL Standards and Virginia Foreign Language and ESL Standards

contextualized instruction for communicative language teaching

the importance of teachers' language proficiency

the role of the four skills (listening, speaking, reading, writing) and culture

teaching strategies for successful student learning

teaching listening and reading comprehension

teaching reading skills and strategies:  phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency

similarities and differences between reading in a first language and reading in a second language

the role of vocabulary and text comprehension in teaching reading skills

teaching writing-as-process for presentational and interpersonal writing

teaching presentational and interpersonal speaking

the role of grammar in language teaching

assessment of language performance in context

lesson and curriculum planning

use of technology

evaluation and adaptation of textbooks and materials for communicative language teaching

elementary, middle and high school periods in development and the implications for curriculum and approach

student diversity and languages; backgrounds, learning styles, learning strategies, physical and learning disabilities, gifted learners, heritage language learners

Students will participate in discussion, work with case studies, research issues in foreign language education using current professional journals and books, subscribe to and participate in the FLTEACH listserv, join professional organizations (FLAVA, VATESOL, AAT's, ACTFL, TESOL), use the internet to access teaching materials and cultural information, develop a professional portfolio, observe in target language classrooms, and engage in self-evaluation.


Course objectives/Learner Outcomes: Upon completion of the course, the teacher candidate will:
*(Numbers in parenthesis correspond to the Longwood University Conceptual Framework.) 

demonstrate an understanding of best practices and approaches for foreign and second language teaching. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9)

make instructional decisions and analyze and evaluate how they affect the learning process. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9)

recognize relationships among teacher expectations, instructional planning, classroom management, and student behavior. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6)

create long-range and daily lesson plans that integrate the National Foreign Language Standards or the National ESL Standards with state or district guidelines. (1, 2, 5, 7)

plan and execute lessons that incorporate the five areas of reading instruction: phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary and text comprehension. (1, 2, 4, 5, 7)

plan and execute lessons to reinforce the “Comparisons” Goal of the National Standards; specifically using the similarities and differences between first- and second-language reading in teaching reading skills. (1, 2, 5, 6, 7)

plan and execute lessons that incorporate communicative practices, maintaining instruction in the target language with minimal use of English (in foreign language classrooms). (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)

design a variety of assessment practices. (1, 2, 5, 6, 7)

demonstrate the effective use of technology to enhance instruction. (1, 2, 4, 6, 7)

evaluate, select, adapt materials, including textbooks, workbooks, videos, internet resources, authentic texts, for the communicative language classroom. (1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8)

 participate in professional activities and organizations.  (6, 9)

demonstrate ethical conduct and professionalism.  (4, 6, 7)

demonstrate the role of teacher as researcher engaged in a continuing development process. (1, 6, 7, 9)


*Longwood University Conceptual Framework Competencies
"Educators as Reflective Practitioners"
(1) Content Knowledge

(2) Planning

(3) Learning Climate

(4) Implementation/Management

(5) Evaluation/Assessment

(6) Communication

(7) Technology

(8) Diversity

(9) Professional Dispositions


Course requirements:   Students will be assessed as follows:

Requirement                                                                                        400           500

Preparation and Participation in class discussions;  
       Participation in professional organizations (FLAVA, etc.) .........15%...........15%

Homework ("Teach & Reflect/Discuss & Reflect", etc.)....................15%...........15%

Article Reviews (5), Observations (4), & Quizzes.............................20%..........20%

Unit Plan and Lesson Plans; Professional Portfolio............................20%..........10%

Midterm and Final Exam……...............…………….….....................30%..........30%

Research Paper.....................................................................................0%..........10%

Grading:   90-100 A    80-89 B    70-79 C    60-69 D   59 F

Participation and Homework:  You are expected to be prepared for discussion by having read the assigned chapters and by having prepared and written out your responses to the "Observe and Reflect/Teach and Reflect,"  and "Discuss and Reflect" (Case Studies), in the Teacher's Handbook, as well as any article reviews or other assignments due.  We will also discuss issues raised in FLTEACH, so you should be prepared to talk about those which have interested you. Although this course meets only once per week, it is a 3-credit course, so you should plan to spend approximately two hours on assignments for each credit per week, for a total of 6 hours per week.  It is probable that your assignments will not take that much time, but plan accordingly.

Discussions and common courtesy:  During the semester we may discuss and debate controversial issues in the teaching of foreign and second languages.  Professional behavior is required at all times.  Rude or disrespectful behavior will result in removal from the class. 


FLTEACH listserv:  You should subscribe to the FLTEACH listserv (instructions will be given in class; there is no cost), and be prepared to discuss each week those "threads" which are of most interest to you or which pertain to any of the topics which we are studying.



You will join FLAVA (the Foreign Language Association of Virginia) and/or VATESOL (Virginia Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages) and your AAT organization (AATSP, AATF, AATG) or TESOL.  You are encouraged to become a member of ACTFL (American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages) also.  You will attend the FLAVA annual conference or the VATESOL Conference or your state's foreign language or ESL conference.  Funding will be sought to help defray costs of attendance (but these are not expensive, as conferences go).   Here are the details of the Conference Requirement.

Article Reviews:  You will write reviews of five journal articles dealing with language teaching, and you will place these in your portfolio.  Your review should contain your statement of the thesis of the article, summaries of the main evidence or arguments presented by the author, the author's conclusions, what you think the author's intentions are, and your critical evaluation of these elements, including any response you would like to make, and your evaluation of the significance of the research, study or ideas presented.  Guidelines will be provided.

Observations: You will observe language classes or interactions four times during the semester and will record your reflections, thoughts, and ideas concerning what you observe.  You should attempt to observe different teachers if at all possible.  For the first two observations, you should look for answers to the questions on pages 35-37 of the Teacher's Handbook, and for the other observations, you should use the "Teacher Observation Form" and the "Etiquette Guidelines" which you will receive.    You will not be evaluating the teacher whose class you are observing; rather you are trying to learn from him/her how one incorporates all of the elements we are studying into a classroom lesson.  You will turn in your written "reflections" and we will discuss your experiences through the Voice Board, Blog, or Discussion Board in Blackboard. As you finish each observation of a language teacher's class, you should be prepared to discuss the kinds of activities which you observed, and how what you observed relates to the topics which we are studying.

Quizzes:  There will be weekly quizzes on the content of each chapter in the Teacher's Handbook; the questions will require a detailed reading of the chapter.  You will receive a study guide for each chapter, designed to help you identify the most important points and to review your understanding of the material.  The quizzes consist of multiple choice, matching, short-answer or essay questions.  Your lowest quiz grade will be dropped. 

Unit Plan:  You will prepare a plan for a complete unit (to cover a period of approximately 2 weeks), consisting of the overall content, objectives and strategies for the unit, and you will prepare a plan for each lesson to be taught during the unit (from 8-10 lessons).  You will receive detailed instructions and models.

Presentation of Lesson Plan:  You will design a brief mini-lesson, part of one of your daily lesson plans submitted with your Unit Plan, which you will present to our class; your presentation must be limited to about 10 minutes.  Your plan, and any materials you use, will become part of your professional portfolio.  You will receive guidance on the desired components of your lesson.

Midterm and Final Exams:   There will be a midterm (week 7) and a final exam covering all materials presented and discussed in this course.  There may be some essay-style questions, as well as some problem-solving questions.

Attendance policy: The attendance policy for this course is taken from the Longwood University catalog and Student Handbook.  The class meets only once a week. If you are not in class, you cannot participate or learn from discussion.   There are 14 class meetings.  Upon missing 1.4 class meetings, a student's grade will be lowered by one letter.   Upon missing 2.8 meetings, a student will receive an F for this course.

Honor Code: Students are expected to live by the Longwood University Honor Code. All work done for the class is assumed to be pledged.

Accommodations:  If you have a disability and require accommodations, please contact me early in the semester to discuss your learning needs. If you wish to request reasonable accommodations (extended time for tests, etc.), you will need to register with the Office of Disability Resources. The office will require appropriate documentation of disability. All information is kept confidential.

Contact Information:  Disability Resources:  Graham Hall – Room 116

Lindsay Farrar, Director of Disability Resources: / 434.395.2392

Bibliography :
The following are available at the Longwood University Library:

Professional Journals:
Applied Linguistics Language Learning
Canadian Modern Language Review Modern Language Journal
Current Jobs International Modern Language Notes
Foreign Language Annals Studies in Second Language Acquisition
French Review TESOL Journal
Hispania TESOL Quarterly
Reading in a Foreign Language (online journal) Texas Studies in Literature and Language


ACTFL.  Standards for Foreign Language Learning:  Preparing for the 21st Century.  Lawrence:  Allen, 1996.

Aebersold, JoAnn.  From Reader to Reading Teacher:  Issues and Strategies for Second Language Classrooms.  NY:  Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Allen, E. and Valette, R.  Classroom Techniques: Foreign languages and English as a Second Language. Prospect Heights, IL:  Waveland Press, 1994.  ( PB 35 .A57 1977)

Barasch, Ronald M.  Beyond the Monitor Model:  Comments on Current Theory and Practice in Second Language Acquisition .  Boston:  Heinle and Heinle, 1993.

Bardovi-Harlig, Kathleen, and Beverly Hartford. Beyond Methods:  Components of Second Language Teacher Education .  NY:  McGraw-Hill, 1997.

Berko Gleason, Jean, Ed.  The Development of Language .   2ed.  Columbus, OH:  Merrill Publishing Co., 1989.

Bernhardt, Elizabeth B.  Reading Development in a Second Language:  Theoretical, Empirical and Classroom Perspectives .  Greenwich, CT:  Ablex, 1991.

Blaz, Deborah.  Bringing the Standards for Foreign Language Learning to Life.  Larchmont, NY: Eye On Education, 2002.

---.   A Collection of Performance Tasks and Rubrics: Foreign Languages.   Larchmont, NY: Eye On Education, 2001.

Brown, G. and Yule, G. Teaching the Spoken Language. Cambridge, 1983. (PE 1128 . A2 B73 1983)

Brown, H. Douglas.  Principles of Language Learning and Teaching.  2ed.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ:  Prentice Hall Regents, 1987.

Bush, Michael D., and Robert M. Terry, Eds. Technology-Enhanced Language Learning.  Lincolnwood, IL:  National Textbook Co., 1997.

Chaika, Elaine.  Language:  The Social Mirror.  3ed.  Boston:  Heinle and Heinle, 1994.

Coady, James.  Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition:  A Rationale for Pedagogy.  NY:  Cambridge U. Press, 1997.

Cohen, Andrew D.  Assessing Language Ability in the Classroom.  2ed.  Boston:  Heinle and Heinle, 1994.

Cook, Vivian.  Second Language Learning and Language Teaching.  2ed.  St. Martin's Press, 1996.

DiPietro, R.  Strategic Interaction: Learning Languages Through Scenarios. Cambridge, 1987.  (P. 53 .D43 1987)

Fawkes, Steven.  Switched On?  Video Resources in Modern Language Settings.  Modern Languages in Practice Series 10.  University of Southampton, 1998.

Freeman, D.  "Redefining the Relationship between Research and What Teachers Know."  Voices from the Language Classroom .  K. Bailey and D. Nunan, Eds.  NY:  Cambridge U. Press, 1996.

Garfinkel, A., Ed.  The Foreign language Classroom: New Techniques.  National textbook, 1983.  (P 51 .F56 1983)

Gaudiani, C. Teaching Writing in the Foreign Language Curriculum. Center for Applied Linguistics, 1981. (PB 35. G38x)


Goetz, Lily Anne.  “Short Cuts: A Model for Using the Shortest of Short Stories to Teach Second Language Reading Skills.” NECTFL Review 53 (Fall 2003):  37-52.


Grauberg, Walter.  The Elements of Foreign Language Teaching.  Modern Languages in Practice Series 7.  University of Southampton, 1997.

Gunterman, Gail, Ed.  Developing Language Teachers for a Changing World.  ACTFL Foreign Language Education Series.  Lincolnwood, IL:  National Textbook Co., 1993.

Hamilton, Judith.  Inspiring Innovations in Language Teaching.  Modern Languages in Practice Series 3.  1995.

Hatch, Evelyn Marcussen.  Psycholinguistics:  A Second Language Perspective.  Rowley, MA:  Newbury House Publishers, 1983.

Kramsch, C.  Context and Culture in Language Teaching.  NY:  Oxford U. Press, 1993.

Krashen, Stephen D.  The Power of Reading:  Insights from the Research.  Englewood, CO:  Libraries Unlimited, 1993.

Larsen-Freeman, Diane.  Introducción al estudio de la adquisición de segundas lenguas.  Madrid:  Gredos, 1994.

Lee, J. F., and B. Van Patten.  Making Communicative Language Teaching Happen.  NY:  McGraw-Hill, 1995.

Lightbown, P., and N. Spada.  How Languages are Learned.  Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 1993.

Littlewood, W. Communicative Language Teaching: An Introduction. Cambridge, 1981. (P 53 .L54 1981)

McDonald. M. and Rogers-Gordon, S.  Action Plans: 80 Student-Centered Language Activities.  Newbury House, 1984.  (P 51 . M29 1984)

Montgomery, M. An Introduction to Language and Society.  Methuen, 1986.  ( P. 40 .M66 1986 )

Musumeci, Diane.  Breaking Tradition:  An Exploration of the Historical Relationship between Theory and Practice in Second Language Teaching..  NY:  McGraw-Hill, 1997.

National Foreign Language Resource Center. Bringing the Standards into the Classroom:  A Teacher's Guide.  Ames:  Iowa State Univ., 1997.

Oller, John W., Jr.  Methods that Work:  Ideas for Language Teachers.  2ed.  Boston:  Heinle and Heinle, 1994.

Omaggio-Hadley, Alice.  Teaching Language in Context.  2ed.  Boston, MA:  Heinle and Heinle, 1993.

Oxford, Rebecca.  Language Learning Strategies:  What Every Teacher Should Know.  Boston:  Heinle and Heinle, 1994.

Pattison, P. Developing Communication Skills. Cambridge, 1987. (PB 36 .P34 1987 )

Phillips, June, and Jamie Draper.  The Five Cs:  The Standards for Foreign Language Learning WorkText.  Boston, MA:  Heinle and Heinle, 1999.  with accompanying video.

Rinvolucri, M. Grammar Games: Cognitive, Affective, and Drama for EFL Students. Cambridge, 1987.  (PE 1128 .A2 R52 1987 )

Rivers, W.  Interactive Language Teaching. Cambridge, 1987. (P 53 .L54 1987 )

Sadow, S. Idea Bank: Creative Ideas for the Language Class. Newbury House, 1982. (PE 1128 A2 S23 1982)

Sánchez, Aquilino.  Los métodos en la enseñanza de idiomas.  Madrid:  Sociedad General Española de Librería, 1997.

Saville-Troike, M. The Ethnography of Communication: An Introduction.  Basil Blackwell, 1984. (P 40 .S26 1984)

Savignon, Sandra J.  Communicative Competence:  Theory and Classroom Practice; Texts and Contexts in Second Language Learning .  NY:  McGraw-Hill, 1997.

Scott, Virginia Mitchell.  Rethinking Foreign Language Writing.  Boston:   Heinle and Heinle, 1996.

Taeschner, Traute.  A Developmental Psycholinguistic Approach to Second Language Teaching.  Greenwich, CT:  Ablex, 1991.

VanPatten, Bill.  Input Processing and Grammar Instruction.  Greenwich, CT:  Ablex, 1996.

Walvoord, B.  Helping Students Write Well. Modern Language Association of America, 1982. (PE 1408.W31336 1982)

Journal Article Reviews and other assignments:

Longwood University Library page dedicated to helping you access journals, K-12 textbooks, and other materials for this class.




National Capital Language Resource Center

CARLA:  Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition: 

List of upcoming conferences and events, CARLA Summer Institutes and NCLRC Summer Institutes:

Modulos para usar microcuentos en la enseñanza de la lectura



210 Syllabus