POSC/HMSC 345

POLITICAL SCIENCE/HOMELAND SECURITY 345
Terrorism and Homeland Security in a Global Age
Spring Semester 2010

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 Instructor: Dr. Harbour
Office: Ruffner 228
Office telephone: 395-2219
Office hours:
MWF 10:00-11:00  TR 9:30-10:30
mailto:harbourwr@longwood.edu
Home phone: 315-0352

Table of Contents
 Course Description
 Texts
 Course Objectives
 Class Schedule
 Course Requirements
 Grading
 Attendance Policy
 Honor Code
 Class Discussion
 Essays
 Taking Exams
 Bibliography

Course Description:
Study of the forces involved in terrorism and the issues surrounding homeland security. 

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Texts:

Cindy C. Combs.  Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century.  New York:  Person/Longman, 2009. 
Russell D. Howard & James J.F. Forrest Editors.  Weapons of Mass Destruction and Terrorism.  New York:  McGraw Hill, 2008.
The 9/11 Commission Report.

Students will also be expected to get a subscription to the New York Times, read it daily and follow other news sources.

There may also be journal articles assigned from time to time.

Students may want to read material from a number of online sites.

The National Counterterrorism Center maintains an excellent site at: http://www.nctc.gov/

The Jamestown Foundation maintains a useful site on international terrorism at: http://www.jamestown.org/

Very good articles on terrorism and homeland security may be found at the site of The Council on Foreign Relations: http://www.foreignaffairs.org/

The University of Maryland hosts a very useful website for the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism found at:
http://www.start.umd.edu/start/

The Council has also established, in cooperation with The Markle Foundation, a new online encyclopedia on terrorism at:
http://www.terrorismanswers.com/home/

Very good articles on terrorism and homeland security (and links to public opinion polls on the views of ordinary Americans and elites on those issues) may be found at the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations site at:
http://www.ccfr.org/

The Brookings Institution (a generally liberal think tank) sponsors a number of studies on terrorism and homeland security and may be located online at: http://www.brook.edu/

The Heritage Foundation (a generally conservative think tank) sponsors a site containing studies on terrorism and homeland security at:
http://nationalsecurity.org/

Very useful information on terrorism and homeland security may be found at the CIA web site at: http://www.cia.gov/  The CIA World Fact Book is quite useful.

One may also wish to visit the homepage of the Department of Homeland Security at: http://www.dhs.gov/dhspublic/index.jsp

If you go to the following site you can access public opinion polls from around the world: http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/?nid=&id=&lb=hmpg
             Take note of the link to polls from the Middle East and North Africa: http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/brmiddleeastnafricara/index.php?nid=&id=&lb=brme
              Also take note of the link to polls on international security matters: http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/international_security_bt/index.php?nid=&id=&lb=btis

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Course Objectives:
Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:

1. Demonstrate a capacity for critical and analytical thought about the issues surrounding terrorism and homeland security.

2. Demonstrate an ability to communicate their knowledge and beliefs about terrorism and homeland security both orally and in writing.

3. Discuss the causes of terrorism and the effectiveness of homeland security policies.

4. Identify the principal models used by political scientists in studying terrorism and evaluating homeland security measures.

5. Discuss important political issues associated with terrorism and the measures taken to protect homeland security.

6. Identify information regarding terrorism and homeland security that is necessary and useful for responsible citizenship.

7. Discuss how terrorism and homeland security policies have been shaped by the dynamic global forces of the past half century.

Click Here for access to Study Guide 

Class Schedule:

Week 1  Introduction to the Study of Terrorism and Homeland Security
Jan. 11-15
     Read: Weapons of Mass Destruction and Terrorism  Unit 1 
               Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpts. 1, 2
               Also read debates over the definition of terrorism on the following online sites:
                                                   http://www.mepc.org/journal_vol6/eland.html
                                                   http://blog.syracuse.com/news/2008/02/terrorism_expert_bruce_hoffman.html
                                                   http://www.cdi.org/friendlyversion/printversion.cfm?documentID=1564
     Special Topics:                                                                                                                            
W:  What is Terrorism?                                                                                       
F:  Surveying the Threat                                                    
Essay No. 1 Explain the political issues involved in the debate over how best to define this phenomenon.  After explaining the conceptual problems associated with defining terrorism, advance and defend the best definition of the phenomenon.   This three page essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 2  Causes, Recruitment, Organizational Issues, and Tactics
Jan. 18-22
     Read:  Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpts. 3, 4, 5,  7
                Weapons of Mass Destruction and Terrorism  Unit 1 
                 Use of Online Sources
    Special Topics:
    M:  No classes - Martin Luther King, Jr. holiday
    W:  Making Terrorists
     F:  Organization and Tactics
Essay No. 2
Write a three page essay in which you explain the principal causes of terrorism.   This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 3  Terrorism, the Media, Cyberspace, and Public Opinion
Jan. 25-29
    Read: Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpt. 8
              Online report:  http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/081208_securingcyberspace_44.pdf
              Online essay on internet recruitment: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.1.3
              Online 2010 threat predictions from McAfee: http://mcafee.com/us/local_content/white_papers/7985rpt_labs_threat_predict_1209_v2.pdf
              Online article on cybersecurity issues: http://www.bepress.com/jhsem/vol6/iss1/79/?sending=10812
              Online article on prioritizing cybersecurity: http://www.cfr.org/publication/21052/prioritizing_us_cybersecurity.html?breadcrumb=%2Fissue%2F114%2Fhealth_science_and_technology             
             If you go to the following site you can access public opinion polls from around the world: http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/?nid=&id=&lb=hmpg
             Take note of the link to polls from the Middle East and North Africa: http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/brmiddleeastnafricara/index.php?nid=&id=&lb=brme
              Also take note of the link to polls on international security matters: http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/international_security_bt/index.php?nid=&id=&lb=btis
              Online articles with polls results on public opinion in Muslim countries about terrorism: http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/brmiddleeastnafricara/591.php?lb=brme&pnt=591&nid=&id=                        
              Online article with polls results on public opinion in other countries about 9?11: http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/international_security_bt/535.php?lb=btot&pnt=535&nid=&id=
              Online polls about world public opinion and terrorism: http://www.cfr.org/publication/20023#p1    
Special Topics:
    M:  Terrorist Propaganda and the Media
    W:  Terrorism and Cyberspace
     F:   Terrorism and the Public 
Essay No. 3
Write a three page essay on the intersection between cyberspace and terrorism.  What problems exist in this area?  How can those problems be addressed?  This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 4  Why is America a Target?
Feb. 1-5
     Read:  http://www.cfr.org/thinktank/iigg/pop/   
 http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/brmiddleeastnafricara/384.php?lb=brme&pnt=384&nid=&id=                           http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/views_on_countriesregions_bt/623.php?nid=&id=&pnt=623&lb=                              
                http://www.foreignpolicy.com/story/cms.php?story_id=4431
                http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/19858.pdf
                http://www.brookings.edu/events/2001/0425terrorism.aspx
                http://www.globalenvision.org/library/8/703/
                http://www.glocaleye.org/terglo.htm
                http://www.ijtihad.org/globalterror.htm
                http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/btglobalizationtradera/528.php?lb=brme&pnt=528&nid=&id
                http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/btglobalizationtradera/349.php?lb=btgl&pnt=349&nid=&id=
                http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/btglobalizationtradera/446.php?lb=btgl&pnt=446&nid=&id=
                http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/btglobalizationtradera/644.php?lb=btgl&pnt=644&nid=&id=
                Check out other online articles on globalization and terrorism
                 Check out online articles on American foreign policy and terrorism
     Special  Topics:
     M:  America blamed as the Evil Force behind Globalization, Role of Ideologies
     W:  Resisting American Foreign Policies
      F:   NOTE: Your first test will be given on Friday, Feb.5. This essay test will count for 1/6 of your semester grade.

Week 5  Terrorism - Not Something New - Some Historical Perspective
Feb. 8-12
      Read:  Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpt. 9 
     Special Topics:
     M:  Europe and Latin America

ETA:  http://www.cfr.org/publication/9271/
FARC:  http://www.cfr.org/publication/9272/
Look up articles on the following:
Shining Path
Red Army Faction
Baader-Meinhoff Group
IRA
Red Brigades

    W:  South Asia and South East Asia

Liberation Tigers of Tmial Eelam (LTTE)
For more on Sri Lanka https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ce.html  

On Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) http://www.cfr.org/publication/9235/abu_sayyaf_group_philippines_islamist_separatists.html?breadcrumb=%2Fissue%2F456%2F  
for more on the Philippines: https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/rp.html

On Indonesia:  https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/id.html

Terrorist Groups in India: http://www.cfr.org/publication/12773/terror_groups_in_india.html?breadcrumb=%2Fissue%2F456%2Fterrorist_organizations
For more on India: https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/in.html

On Terrorist Groups in  Pakistan: http://www.cfr.org/publication/15422/pakistans_new_generation_of_terrorists.html
For more on Pakistan  https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/pk.html

Kashmir Terrorist Groups: http://www.cfr.org/publication/9135/
                                         http://www.cfr.org/publication/17882/profile.html?breadcrumb=%2Fissue%2F456%2Fterrorist_organizations

      F:  The Legacy of Terrorism in American History

A good source of information on hate groups in the United states is the Southern Poverty Law Center:  http://www.splcenter.org/

Klu Klux Klan (KKK): http://www.splcenter.org/intel/map/hate.jsp?T=26&m=4

Data on Lynching in America by Race and State: http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/lynchingsstate.html
Essay on Lynching in America:  http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1979/2/79.02.04.x.html#b
Christian Identity Movement:  http://www.splcenter.org/intel/map/hate.jsp?T=25&m=4
Look up articles on the following:
Armed Forces of National Liberation (FLAN)

Black Panthers

Aryan Nations (AN)

Army of God

Earth Liberation Front (ELF)

Jewish Defense League (JDL)

Essay No. 4
Write a three page essay in which you explain the legacy of terrorism in American history.   This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 6  Terrorism in the Middle East
Feb. 15-19
     Read:  Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpt. 6
     Special Topics:
     M:  Zionism and the creation of Israel 
Article on Zionism: http://www.mideastweb.org/zionism.htm
Israel: https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/is.html

     W:  Palestinian Groups
Palestine Liberation Organization                         
Al-Fatah
Palestinian Islamic Jihad
Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades http://www.cfr.org/publication/9127/alaqsa_martyrs_brigades_palestinian_nationalists.html   
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Hamas:  http://www.cfr.org/publication/8968/hamas.html?breadcrumb=%2Fissue%2F135%2Fterrorism

      F:  Hezbollah
Hezbollah:  http://www.cfr.org/publication/9155/
Lebanon:  https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/le.html
           
Essay No. 5
Write a three page essay on opposition to the existence of Israel as a central cause advanced by many Middle Eastern Terrorist movements.   This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 7  Origins and Evolution of Al Qaeda
Feb. 22-26
     Read:  The 9/11 Commission Report, Chpts. 2, 4, 5
     Special Topics:
     M:  Religion and Terrorism: From the Muslim Brotherhood to Al Qaeda
     W:  Jihad against the Soviet Occupation of Afghanistan
     F:   Declaring War on America
Essay No. 6
Write a three page essay explaining how Al Qaeda became more powerful and why it chose to declare war on America and launch the 9/11 attacks.  
This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 8  The 9/11 Attacks
March 1-5
     Read:  The 9/11 Commission Report, Chpts. 1, 7, 8, 9, 10
    
Report on Al Qaeda’s interest in a WMD attack: http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/19852/al_qaeda_weapons_of_mass_destruction_threat.html
     Special Topics:
     M:  Planning and Executing the 9/11 Attacks
     W:  The Intelligence and Security Failures Leading to 9/11
      F:  NOTE:  Your second test will be given on Friday, March 5.  This essay test will count for 1/6 of your semester grade.

SPRING BREAK   MARCH 6-14

Week 9  Planning to Protect the Homeland
March 15-19
     Read:   The 9/11 Commission Report, Chpts. 3, 6, 11, 12, 13
                 Online article on grand strategy: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.1.2
                 Online article on information sharing between agencies: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.1.5
                 Online article on Homeland Security: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.1.8
                 Online article on the issue of randomness: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.1.6
     Special Topics:
     M:  Planning and Preparedness Before 9/11
     W:  Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission and Other Reports
      F:  The Implementation and Critique of the 9/11 Commission's Recommendations
Essay No. 7
Write a three page essay in which you evaluate the most important recommendations of the 9/11 Commission.  This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 10  Legal Issues; Intelligence Gathering and Analysis; Department of Homeland Security
March 22-26
     Read: Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpts. 10, 12
              
Read about the mission on structure of various U.S. intelligence agencies by going to their web sites. 
and use links to different intelligence agencies at the bottom of that site.
              
Read about the mission and organizational structure of the Department of Homeland Security found on web site materials at:  http://www.dhs.gov/index.shtm
               Online article on Homeland Security issues: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.1.1
     Special Topics:
     M:  The War on Terror, The Patriot Act, and the Rule of Law
     W:  The Politics of Intelligence Reform
      F:  The Department of Homeland Security
Essay No. 8
Write a three page essay on the debate over how to balance security with the rule of law and protection of personal liberties.  This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 11  Preventing Future Attacks
March 29 - April 2
     Read:  Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpt. 13
    For some excellent reports on airline transportation security look at the articles linked at the following site:
http://www.dhs.gov/files/programs/aviation-security.shtm
    For some excellent reports on border and port security look at the articles linked at the following site: http://www.counterterrorismtraining.gov/pubs/port.html
     Special Topics:
     M:  Aviation Security
     W:  Port Security
      F:  Border Security
Essay No. 9
Write a three page essay on the challenges of securing points of entry into the United States.  This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 12  The WMD Nightmare
April 5-9
Read:  Weapons of Mass Destruction and Terrorism  Units 1 and 2; all Appendices
           Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpt. 14
           Special report to Congress on WMD proliferation and terrorism:
           http://www.cfr.org/publication/17910/world_at_risk.html?breadcrumb=%2Fissue%2F135%2Fterrorism
           http://a.abcnews.go.com/images/TheLaw/WMD-report.pdf
           Online article on public worries regarding bioterrorist attacks: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.1.7
           Online article on cleaning up after a WMD attack: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.1.4
           Report on Al Qaeda’s interest in a WMD attack: http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/19852/al_qaeda_weapons_of_mass_destruction_threat.html
           Report from Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism: http://i.cdn.turner.com/cnn/2010/images/01/26/report.card.pdf
 Special Topics:
      M:  The Technological Issues and Impact
      W:  Proposed Solutions to the Threat
      F:   NOTE: You will have your third test on Friday, April 10.  This essay test will count for 1/6 of your semester grade.

Week 13  First Responders
April 12-16
Read:  Weapons of Mass Destruction and Terrorism  Units 3; all Appendices
           Very important to go to the following CDC site and read material found on the linked sites dealing with emergency preparedness and response for bioterrorism, chemical emergencies, radiation emergencies, mass casualties, and recent outbreaks and incidents:
           http://emergency.cdc.gov/
           Special report to Congress on WMD proliferation and terrorism:
           http://www.cfr.org/publication/17910/world_at_risk.html?breadcrumb=%2Fissue%2F135%2Fterrorism
           http://a.abcnews.go.com/images/TheLaw/WMD-report.pdf
           Special information of planning for biological attacks, using lessons learned from SARS outbreak in 2003:
           http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/sars/guidance/D/lessons.htm
           http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/sars/guidance/D/summary.htm
          http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/sars/guidance/D/app5.htm
          Online report on National Health Security Strategy: https://www.hsdl.org/?abstract&docid=116534&coll=0&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.hsdl.org%2Fhomesec%2Fdocs%2Fhealth%2Fnps45-010610-02.pdf&fromemail=true
     Special Topics:
     M:  Getting Ready for Attacks
     W:  First Responders
     F:   Recovering from Attacks
Essay No. 10
Write a three page essay explaining the most important challenges facing first responders.  This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 14  Future Planning; International Cooperation; Military Action
April 19-23
Read: Weapons of Mass Destruction and Terrorism  Units III and IV
          Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpt. 11
     Special Topics:
     M:  Developing a Comprehensive Strategy
     W:  International Cooperation
      F:  Military Action

April 23   Last day of Classes
April 24   Reading Day
April 26-30  Final Exam Period

                Your final exam will count for 1/6 of your semester grade.  It will be a comprehensive essay examination.
 May 9   Commencement

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Course Requirements:
Three Essay Tests
Ten essays written during the semester
Contribution to class discussion
Final comprehensive exam

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Grading:
Your grade will be based upon three tests given during the course of the semester, your total score on ten three page essays, your contribution to class discussion, and a final exam.  Each of these will count for 1/6 of your grade.  Each of the exams will involve an essay format.  The final examination will be comprehensive.

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Attendance Policy:
The attendance policy for this course is the University policy found in the University Catalog and Student Handbook.

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Honor Code:
Students are expected to live by the Longwood University Honor Code. All work done for the class must be pledged. Your instructor will not tolerate any form of cheating.

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Class Discussion:
Students are expected to make contributions to class discussion.  Your grade in this regard will be based upon participation during the semester.

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Ten Essays: You will write 10 three page essays during the course of the semester. The topics for these short essays are listed in the course outline.  Each paper is worth 10 points and is due on the Friday of each week for which a paper is due. Late papers will lose points.
 The papers will follow the Turabian format.
 A shorter version of that style manual can be found on the History style manual at the following web address: <http://www.longwood.edu/history/HDPTSTS2.htm>

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Taking Exams:
Exams must be taken on time.
  You are expected to provide proof for any legitimate reason (illness, participation in a University-sponsored activity, or recognizable emergency) you have for missing an exam.  Having another test on the dame day or having problems with the person you are dating are not valid reasons for missing a test.

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Bibliography:
Required Reading:
Cindy C. Combs.  Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century.  New York:  Person/Longman, 2009. 
Russell D. Howard & James J.F. Forrest Editors.  Weapons of Mass Destruction and Terrorism.  New York:  McGraw Hill, 2008.
The 9/11 Commission Report.

Suggested Reading or Reference:

Students may make use of the excellent and very extensive bibliographies provided in the texts.

Here is a list of e-books available through the Greenwood Library:

AMATEUR SOLDIERS, GLOBAL WARS [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : INSURGENCY AND MODERN CONFLICT / MICHAEL C. FOWLER.   Internet Resource.

 

CYBER-THREATS, INFORMATION WARFARE, AND CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : DEFENDING THE U.S. HOMELAND / ANTHONY H. CORDESMAN WITH JUSTIN G. CORDESMAN.   Internet Resource.

 

FROM SECULARISM TO JIHAD [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : SAYYID QUTB AND THE FOUNDATIONS OF RADICAL ISLAMISM / ADNAN A. MUSALLAM. Internet Resource.

 

HANDBOOK OF CHEMICAL WARFARE AND TERRORISM [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] / STEVEN L. HOENIG.   Internet Resource.

 

HOLIEST WARS [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : ISLAMIC MAHDIS, THEIR JIHADS, AND OSAMA BIN LADEN / TIMOTHY R. FURNISH ; FOREWORD BY MICHAEL RUBIN.  Internet Resource.

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM IN THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] / EDITED BY MARIUS H. LIVINGSTON WITH LEE BRUCE KRESS AND MARIE G. WANEK.   Internet Resource.

 

MARTYRDOM [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : THE PSYCHOLOGY, THEOLOGY, AND POLITICS OF SELF -SACRIFICE / EDITED BY RONA M. FIELDS ... [ET AL.]  Internet Resource.

MODERNIZATION, DEMOCRACY, AND ISLAM [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] / EDITED BY SHIREEN T. HUNTER AND HUMA MALIK ; FOREWORD BY AHMEDOU OULD-ABDALLAH.   Internet Resource.

ON TERRORISM AND COMBATING TERRORISM [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : PROCEEDINGS OF AN INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR, TEL-AVIV, 1979 / EDITED BY ARIEL MERARI.   Internet Resource.

 

REVOLUTIONARY APOCALYPSE [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : IDEOLOGICAL ROOTS OF TERRORISM / LUCIANO PELLICANI.   Internet Resource.

 

THE AGE OF TOTAL WAR, 1860-1945 [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] / JEREMY BLACK.   Internet Resource.

 

THE DEADLY SIN OF TERRORISM [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : ITS EFFECT ON DEMOCRACY AND CIVIL LIBERTY IN SIX COUNTRIES / EDITED BY DAVID A. CHARTERS.   Internet Resource.

 

THE FUTURE OF ISLAM IN THE MIDDLE EAST [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : FUNDAMENTALISM IN EGYPT , ALGERIA , AND SAUDI ARABIA / MAHMUD A. FAKSH.   Internet Resource.

 

THE GATHERING BIOLOGICAL WARFARE STORM [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] / EDITED BY JIM A. DAVIS AND BARRY R. SCHNEIDER.   Internet Resource.

 

Other Materials:

William C. Banks, Renee de Nevers, Mitchel B. WallersteinCombating Terrorism:  Strategies and Approaches.  Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2008.
Thomas J. Bradley.  Editor.  Homeland Security.  Annual Editions. Second Edition. Dubuque, Iowa: McGraw-Hill, 2008.
Vincent Burns and Kate Dempsey Peterson.  Terrorism: A Documentary and Reference Guide.  Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Security International, 2005.
William M. Evan.  War & Peace in an Age of Terrorism: A Reader.  New York: Pearson/Longman, 2006.
James A. Fagan.  When Terrorism Strikes Home: Defending the United States.  New York: Pearson/Longman, 2006.
James J. F. Forest. Editor.  Homeland Security: Protecting America's Targets.  Three Volumes.  Volume I:  Borders and Points of Entry; Volume II:  Public Spaces and Social Institutions; Volume III: Critical Infrastructures.  Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Security International, 2006
James J. F. Forest.  Editor.  The Making of a Terrorist: Recruitment, Training, and Root Causes.  Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Security International, 2005.
Fawaz A. GergesThe Far Enemy: Why Jihad Went Global.  New York: Cambridge University Press. 2005.
Daniel Goldstein.  Securing America's Future.  National Strategy in the Information Age.  Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Security International, 2005.
Christopher Hewitt.  Political Violence and Terror in Modern America: A Chronology.  Connecticut: Praeger Security International, 2005.
Russell D. Howard, James J. Forest.  Editors.  Weapons of Mass Destruction and Terrorism.  New York: McGraw Hill, 2008. 
Richard J. Kilroy, Jr., Editior.  Threats to Homeland Security: An All-Hazards PerspectiveWiley & Sons, 2008.
Bernard Lewis.  What Went Wrong: The Clash Between Islam and Modernity in the Middle East.  New York: Haper/Collins, 2003.
Brigitte L. NacosTerrorism and Counterterrorism:  Understanding Threats and Responses in the Post - 9/11 WorldSecond Edition.  New York:
Pearson/Longman, 2008.
Dennis OkerstromPeace, War, and Terrorism.  New York: Pearson/Longman, 2006.
Richard A. Posner.  Preventing Surprise Attacks: Intelligence Reform in the Wake of 9/11.  Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005
Barry R. Schneider and Jim A. Davis.  Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction: Avoiding the Abyss.  Connecticut: Praeger Security International, 2006.
Jessica Stern.  Terrorism in the Name of God:  Why Religious Militants Kill.  New York: Harper/Collins Publisher, 2004.

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