POSC/HMSC 345

POLITICAL SCIENCE/HOMELAND SECURITY 345
Terrorism and Homeland Security in a Global Age
Spring Semester 2014

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 Instructor: Dr. Harbour
Office: Ruffner 228
Office telephone: 395-2219
Office hours:
MWF 10:00-11:00  TR 9:30-10:30
mailto:harbourwr@longwood.edu
Home phone: 315-0352

Table of Contents
 Course Description
 Texts
 Course Objectives
 Class Schedule
 Course Requirements
 Grading
 Attendance Policy
 Honor Code
 Class Discussion
 Essays
 Taking Exams
 Bibliography

Course Description:
Study of the forces involved in terrorism and the issues surrounding homeland security. 

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Texts:

Cindy C. Combs.  Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century. 7th Edition.   New York:  Person/Longman, 2013.

Russell D. Howard, Bruce Hoffman. Editors.

Terrorism and Counterterrorism: Understanding the New Security Environment, Reading, and Interpretations. 4rd Edition.  New York: MCGraw-Hill, 2012.

The 9/11 Commission Report.

Students will also be required to purchase an electronic subscription to the New York Times.  This may be done by going to the following website:  http://www.nytimes.com/subscriptions/edu/lp1999.html?campaignId=384XU

Being aware of current political developments is important to good citizenship.  Each exam will have at least one question requiring students to reflect on current political news and relate such developments to the material we are studying about terrorism and homeland security.

There may also be journal articles assigned from time to time.

Students may want to read material from a number of online sites.

Students should make extensive use of “Homeland Security Affairs” the Journal of Naval Postgraduate School Center for Homeland Defense and Security which may be found online at: http://www.hsaj.org/?home

The National Counterterrorism Center maintains an excellent site at: http://www.nctc.gov/

The Jamestown Foundation maintains a useful site on international terrorism at: http://www.jamestown.org/

The United States Military Academy has a Combating Terrorism Center at West Point: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/

Very good articles on terrorism and homeland security may be found at the sites of The Council on Foreign Relations: http://www.cfr.org/issue/terrorism/ri135 
                                                                                                                                                                                             http://www.cfr.org/issue/terrorist-organizations/ri456

The following is a link to a global terrorism data base: http://www.start.umd.edu/gtd/  found at The National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism—better known as START - is a university-based research center committed to the scientific study of the causes and human consequences of terrorism in the United States and around the world.
Headquartered at the University of Maryland

Homegrown Terrorism Cases, 2001-2012
From The New America Foundation (http://newamerica.net/) and Syracuse University’s Maxwell School have examined cases of homegrown jihadist and non-jihadist terrorism in the United States since the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks.  http://homegrown.newamerica.net/
Article on Jihadists: http://homegrown.newamerica.net/overview
Article on Non-Jihadists: http://homegrown.newamerica.net/overview_nonjihadists
Article on terrorist bombings in U.S. since 9/11: http://www.cnn.com/2013/04/16/opinion/bergen-bombings/index.html?hpt=hp_t1

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Course Objectives:
Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:

1. Demonstrate a capacity for critical and analytical thought about the issues surrounding terrorism and homeland security.

2. Demonstrate an ability to communicate their knowledge and beliefs about terrorism and homeland security both orally and in writing.

3. Discuss the causes of terrorism and the effectiveness of homeland security policies.

4. Identify the principal models used by political scientists in studying terrorism and evaluating homeland security measures.

5. Discuss important political issues associated with terrorism and the measures taken to protect homeland security.

6. Identify information regarding terrorism and homeland security that is necessary and useful for responsible citizenship.

7. Discuss how terrorism and homeland security policies have been shaped by the dynamic global forces of the past half century.

Click Here for access to Study Guide 

Class Schedule:

Week 1  Introduction to the Study of Terrorism and Homeland Security
Jan. 13-17

     Read: Terrorism and Counterterrorism  Chpt. 1, articles 1, 2
               Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpts. 1, 2
               Also read discussion about the definition of terrorism at: http://blog.syracuse.com/news/2008/02/terrorism_expert_bruce_hoffman.html
     Special Topics:
M:  No classes on Monday until 4:00 p.m. so our class does not meet this day                                                                                                                           
W:  What is Terrorism?                                                                                       
F:  Surveying the Threat                                                    
Essay No. 1 Explain the political issues involved in the debate over how best to define this phenomenon.  After explaining the conceptual problems associated with defining terrorism, advance and defend the best definition of the phenomenon.   This three page essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 2  Causes, Recruitment, Organizational Issues, and Tactics
Jan. 20-24
     Read:  Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpts. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
                Terrorism and Counterterrorism  Chpt. 1, article 3; Chpt. 2, articles 2, 3, 4; Chpt. 3, articles 1, 2, 3; Chpt. 5, articles 2, 7, 8; Chpt. 6, article 1
                 Use of Online Sources
    Special Topics:
    M:  No classes today as the University is closed for Martin Luther King, Jr. Holiday; see special programs
    W:  The “New Terrorism”
     F:  Making Terrorists; Organization and Tactics
Essay No. 2
Write a three page essay in which you explain the principal causes of terrorism.   This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 3  Terrorism, the Media, Cyberspace, and Public Opinion
Jan. 27-31
    Read: Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpt. 8
              Terrorism and Counterterrorism Chpt. 5, articles 5, 6; Chpt. 8, articles 1, 5, 6; Chpt. 9, article 1
               Report on cybersecurity: http://www.nationaljournal.com/tech/gao-federal-agencies-fail-on-cybersecurity-measures-20111003 
               (GAO report on cybersecurity: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d12137.pdf )
              “Cybersecurity” by Patrick Marshall in online CQ Researcher article found in February 26, 2010 Volume 20, Issue 8.
                 Go to http://library.cqpress.com/ and access article at: http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre2010022600
              Online essay on internet recruitment: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.1.3
              Online 2010 threat predictions from McAfee: http://mcafee.com/us/local_content/white_papers/7985rpt_labs_threat_predict_1209_v2.pdf
              Online article on prioritizing cybersecurity: http://www.cfr.org/publication/21052/prioritizing_us_cybersecurity.html?breadcrumb=%2Fissue%2F114%2Fhealth_science_and_technology             
             Online polls about world public opinion and terrorism: http://www.cfr.org/publication/20023#p1
             If you go to the following site you can access public opinion polls from around the world:
http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/?nid=&id=&lb=hmpg
             Take note of the link to polls from the Middle East and North Africa: http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/brmiddleeastnafricara/index.php?nid=&id=&lb=brme
              Also take note of the link to polls on international security matters: http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/international_security_bt/index.php?nid=&id=&lb=btis
              Online articles with polls results on public opinion in Muslim countries about terrorism: http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/brmiddleeastnafricara/591.php?lb=brme&pnt=591&nid=&id=                        
              Online article with polls results on public opinion in other countries about 9?11: http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/international_security_bt/535.php?lb=btot&pnt=535&nid=&id=                   
              Major survey of American Muslim public opinion from Pew Research Center:  http://people-press.org/2011/08/30/muslim-americans-no-signs-of-growth-in-alienation-or-support-for-extremism/
              Pew Research Center survey of Muslim-Western tensions:  http://www.pewglobal.org/2011/07/21/muslim-western-tensions-persist/
Special Topics:
    M:  Terrorist Propaganda and the Media
    W:  Terrorism and Cyberspace
     F:   Terrorism; Public Opinion in the United States and the World 
Essay No. 3
Write a three page essay on the intersection between cyberspace and terrorism.  What problems exist in this area?  How can those problems be addressed?  This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 4  Why is America a Target?
Feb. 3-7

     Read:  Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century, Chpt. 9
                 Terrorism and Counterterrorism Chpt. 2, article 1
                 “Homegrown Jihadists” by Peter Katel in online CQ Researcher article found in Sept. 3, 2010 Volume 20, Issue 30.
                 Go to http://library.cqpress.com/ and access article at: http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre2010090300
                 “Hate Groups” by Peter Katel in online CQ Researcher article found in May 8, 2009, 2010 Volume 19, Issue 18.
                 Go to http://library.cqpress.com/ and access article at: http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre2009050800
Other sources of material:
 http://www.cfr.org/thinktank/iigg/pop/   
 http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/brmiddleeastnafricara/384.php?lb=brme&pnt=384&nid=&id=                           http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/views_on_countriesregions_bt/623.php?nid=&id=&pnt=623&lb=                               
                http://www.foreignpolicy.com/story/cms.php?story_id=4431
                http://www.globalenvision.org/library/8/703/
               http://www.ijtihad.org/globalterror.htm
                http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/btglobalizationtradera/528.php?lb=brme&pnt=528&nid=&id
                http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/btglobalizationtradera/349.php?lb=btgl&pnt=349&nid=&id=
                http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/btglobalizationtradera/446.php?lb=btgl&pnt=446&nid=&id=
                http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/btglobalizationtradera/644.php?lb=btgl&pnt=644&nid=&id=
                Check out other online articles on globalization and terrorism
                 Check out online articles on American foreign policy and terrorism
     Special  Topics:
     M:  Resisting American Foreign Policies; America blamed as the Evil Force behind Globalization, Role of Ideologies
     W:  Domestic Sources of Terrorism
      F:   NOTE: Your first test will be given on Friday, Feb. 7.  This essay test will count for 1/6 of your semester grade.

Week 5  Terrorism - Not Something New - Some Historical Perspective
Feb. 10-14
      Read:  Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpts. 2, 3, 4, 9 
     Special Topics:
M:  Europe and Latin America
ETA:  http://www.cfr.org/publication/9271/
FARC:  http://www.cfr.org/publication/9272/
Shining Path
IRA
Also look up articles on The Baader-Meinhoff Group, The Red Army Faction, and The Red Brigades
  
W:  South Asia and South East Asia
Liberation Tigers of Tmial Eelam (LTTE)
On Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) http://www.cfr.org/publication/9235/abu_sayyaf_group_philippines_islamist_separatists.html?breadcrumb=%2Fissue%2F456%2F  
Terrorist Groups in India: http://www.cfr.org/publication/12773/terror_groups_in_india.html?breadcrumb=%2Fissue%2F456%2Fterrorist_organizations
On Terrorist Groups in  Pakistan: http://www.cfr.org/publication/15422/pakistans_new_generation_of_terrorists.html
Kashmir Terrorist Groups: http://www.cfr.org/publication/9135/
                                         http://www.cfr.org/publication/17882/profile.html?breadcrumb=%2Fissue%2F456%2Fterrorist_organizations

 F:  The Legacy of Terrorism in American History
A good source of information on hate groups in the United states is the Southern Poverty Law Center:  http://www.splcenter.org/
Klu Klux Klan (KKK): http://www.splcenter.org/intel/map/hate.jsp?T=26&m=4
Data on Lynching in America by Race and State: http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/lynchingsstate.html
Essay on Lynching in America:  http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1979/2/79.02.04.x.html#b
Christian Identity Movement:  http://www.splcenter.org/intel/map/hate.jsp?T=25&m=4
Look up articles on the following:
Armed Forces of National Liberation (FLAN)
Black Panthers
Aryan Nations (AN)
Army of God
Earth Liberation Front (ELF)
Jewish Defense League (JDL)

Essay No. 4
Write a three page essay in which you discuss the domestic roots of terrorism in the history of the United States.  This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 6  Terrorism in the Middle East
Feb. 17-21
     Read:  Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpt. 6 
     For a Frontline (PBS) documentary about the Revolution in Egypt (which include a segment on the Muslim Brotherhood) go to the following site:
     http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/revolution-in-cairo/# 
     Special Topics:
     M:  Zionism and the creation of Israel 
Article on Zionism: http://www.mideastweb.org/zionism.htm
     W:  Palestinian Groups
Palestine Liberation Organization                         
Al-Fatah
Palestinian Islamic Jihad
Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades http://www.cfr.org/publication/9127/alaqsa_martyrs_brigades_palestinian_nationalists.html   
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Hamas:  http://www.cfr.org/publication/8968/hamas.html?breadcrumb=%2Fissue%2F135%2Fterrorism

      F:  Hezbollah
Hezbollah:  http://www.cfr.org/publication/9155/
           
Essay No. 5
Write a three page essay on the competing Palestinian groups and their conflict with Israel and the problems facing the Palestinian Authority.   This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 7 Religion and Terrorism; Origins and Evolution of Al Qaeda
Feb. 24-28
     Read:  The 9/11 Commission Report, Chpts. 2, 4, 5
                Terrorism and Counterterrorism  Chpt. 3, page 199, article 4; Chpt. 4, articles 1, 2, 3; Chpt. 5, article 4
                The following article on religious fundamentalism and modernity should also be read:
                http://nationalinterest.org/article/the-fundamentalists-4891
     Special Topics:
     M:  Religion and Terrorism: From the Muslim Brotherhood to Al Qaeda
     W:  Jihad against the Soviet Occupation of Afghanistan
     F:   Declaring War on America
Essay No. 6
Write a three page essay explaining how Al Qaeda became more powerful and why it chose to declare war on America and launch the 9/11 attacks.  

SPRING BREAK   MARCH 3-7

Week 8  The 9/11 Attacks
March 10-14
     Read:  The 9/11 Commission Report, Chpts. 1, 7, 8, 9, 10
    
Report on Al Qaeda’s interest in a WMD attack: http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/19852/al_qaeda_weapons_of_mass_destruction_threat.html
     Special Topics:
     M:  Planning and Executing the 9/11 Attacks
     W:  The Intelligence and Security Failures Leading to 9/11
      F:  NOTE:  Your second test will be given on Friday, March 14.  This essay test will count for 1/6 of your semester grade.

Week 9  Planning to Protect the Homeland
March 17-21
     Read:   The 9/11 Commission Report, Chpts. 3, 6, 11, 12, 13
                 Online article on risks, costs, and benefits associated with homeland security efforts: Mueller, John, and Mark G. Stewart. “Balancing the Risks, Benefits, and Costs of Homeland Security.” Homeland Security Affairs 7, Article 16 (August 2011)
http://www.hsaj.org/?article=7.1.16

                 Online article on grand strategy: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.1.2
                 Online article on information sharing between agencies: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.1.5
                 Online article on Homeland Security: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.1.8
                 Online article on the issue of randomness: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.1.6
     Special Topics:
     M:  Planning and Preparedness Before 9/11
     W:  Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission and Other Reports
      F:  The Implementation and Critique of the 9/11 Commission's Recommendations
Essay No. 7
Write a three page essay on the problems facing the development and implementation of any overarching homeland security strategy.  This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 10  Legal Issues; Intelligence Gathering and Analysis; Department of Homeland Security
March 24-28
     Read: Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpts. 10, 12
               Terrorism and Counterterrorism  Chpt. 6, article 2
               Article on killing U.S. citizens abroad engaged in planning terrorists attacks against the United States:  http://msnbcmedia.msn.com/i/msnbc/sections/news/020413_DOJ_White_Paper.pdf
               “Network Fusion: Information and Intelligence Sharing for a Networked World.”  By Joseph W. Pfeifer in Homeland Security Affairs  Volume 8, Article 17 (October 2012) at: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=8.1.9
               “Prosecuting Terrorists” by Kenneth Jost in online CQ Researcher article found in March 12, 2010 Volume 20, Issue 10.
                 Go to http://library.cqpress.com/ and access article at: http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre2010031200
              
“Homeland Security” by Peter Katel in online CQ Researcher article found in February 13, 2009 Volume 19, Issue 6.
                 Go to http://library.cqpress.com/ and access article at: http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre2009021300
               “Closing Guantanamo” by Kenneth Jost in online CQ Researcher article found in February 27, 2009 Volume 19, Issue 8.
                 Go to http://library.cqpress.com/ and access article at: http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre2009022700               
Read about the mission on structure of various U.S. intelligence agencies by going to their web sites. 
and use links to different intelligence agencies at the bottom of that site.
To access information about Central Intelligence Agency, go to: https://www.cia.gov/
You may also want to access information about the Office of the Director of National Intelligence
              
Read about the mission and organizational structure of the Department of Homeland Security found on web site materials at:  http://www.dhs.gov/index.shtm
               Online article on Homeland Security issues: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.1.1
     Special Topics:
     M:  The War on Terror, The Patriot Act, and the Rule of Law; Putting Terrorists on Trial
     W:  The Politics of Intelligence Reform
      F:  The Department of Homeland Security
            On this day we are having a special guest speaker from the Department of Homeland Security –
            As background for this you would benefit from examining the following sites:

Video Links
Interview CBS News's Leslie Stahl conducted with counterterrorism "Czar" Richard Clarke in 2000 where Clarke discussed the U.S.'s Continuity of Government (COG) plan.  This interview aired the night of 9/11.
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sMfjZVJK_x0&feature=related

Document Links
1.
ttp://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/secrecy/RS22674.pdf
CRS Report on Continuity, June 8, 2007
2.  http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/nspd/nspd-51.htm
NSPD 51/ HSPD 20 - The current guiding Executive Branch directive on Continuity

3  http://www.fema.gov/about/org/ncp/index.shtm

Web link to the FEMA National Continuity Programs Directorate page on FEMA website

4.  http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/3/19

Presidential Succession Act of 1947, as amended (3 U.S.C.  § 19).  The legal basis for Presidential Succession in addition to the Constitution.

5.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Designated_survivor

Gives a good synopsis of the oft mentioned State of the Union speech practice of locating a Presidential Successor outside of the National Capital Region (NCR).

Essay No. 8
Write a three page essay on the debate over how to balance security with the rule of law and protection of personal liberties.  This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.


Week 11  Preventing Future Attacks

March 31-April 4
     Read:  Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpt. 13
     “A Maritime Threat Assessment of Sea Based Criminal Organizations and Terrorist Operations.” By Trrance G. Lichtnewald, Mara H. Steinhour, and Frank S. Perri in Homeland Security Affairs 8, Article 13 (August 2012) at: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=8.1.13
     Special Topics:
     M:  Aviation Security
      W:  Border Security
      F:  Port Security

Mexico

-        Operation Gatekeeper

-        Operation Streamline

-        http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/structure/editorial_0644.shtm

-        http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/dhs-orgchart.pdf

-        Dream Act
Documentary on immigration and border security on U.S. border with Mexico
Article on border security

Canada

-        Beyond the Border: A Shared Vision for Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness

http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/wh/us-canada-btb-action-plan.pdf

Essay No. 9

Write a three page essay on the challenges of securing points of entry into the United States.  This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 12  The WMD Nightmare
April 7-11
Read:  Terrorism and Counterterrorism Chpt. 5, articles 1, 3
           Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpts. 14
           The following from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lists bioterrorism agents for which fact sheets are available:  http://emergency.cdc.gov/bioterrorism/factsheets.asp  

Anthrax
Botulism
Brucellosis
Plague
Smallpox
Tularemia
Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers

            The following from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lists chemical emergencies for which fact sheets are available: http://emergency.cdc.gov/chemical/overview.asp
            The following lists different chemical agents by categories:  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/agentlistchem-category.asp#biotoxins   
            Take note of the information about Ricin: http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/ricin/facts.asp
            The following contains information about nerve agents with links to more detailed information on Sarin, Soman, Tabun, and VX:  http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/nerve/
            The following covers dirty bombs and nuclear blasts and other radiation emergencies: http://emergency.cdc.gov/radiation/typesofemergencies.asp
            Take note of the information about dirty bombs: http://emergency.cdc.gov/radiation/dirtybombs.asp
            Take note of the information about nuclear blasts: http://emergency.cdc.gov/radiation/nuclearfaq.asp

          
A very good article on vulnerability to a Biological terror attack may be found at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/30/magazine/how-ready-are-we-for-bioterrorism.html?hp=&pagewanted=print
           Good research material found at the WMD Terrorism Research Center: http://www.wmdcenter.org/
          “Nuclear Terrorism: Are We Prepared?” by Albert J. Mauronin in Homeland Security Affairs, Volume VIII, No. 9 (June, 2012) at: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=8.1.9
          “Homeland Insecurity: Thinking About CBRN Terrorism” by Albert J. Mauroni in Homeland Security Affairs, Volume VI, No. 3 (September 2010)
           at: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.3.3
           Special report to Congress on WMD proliferation and terrorism:
           http://www.cfr.org/publication/17910/world_at_risk.html?breadcrumb=%2Fissue%2F135%2Fterrorism
           http://a.abcnews.go.com/images/TheLaw/WMD-report.pdf
           Online article on public worries regarding bioterrorist attacks: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.1.7
           Online article on cleaning up after a WMD attack: http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=6.1.4
           Report (from Belfer Center at Harvard University) on Al Qaeda’s interest in a WMD attack:
http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/19852/al_qaeda_weapons_of_mass_destruction_threat.html
           Additional reports on WMD issues from the Belfer Center at Harvard University:
http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/20014/proliferation_and_terrorism.html?breadcrumb=%2Fpublication%2F19852%2Fal_qaeda_weapons_of_mass_destruction_threat
and more at: http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/20279/armageddon_test.html?breadcrumb=%2Fpublication%2F19852%2Fal_qaeda_weapons_of_mass_destruction_threat
Report from Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism: http://i.cdn.turner.com/cnn/2010/images/01/26/report.card.pdf
Examine the National Response Framework (NRF) at: http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/NRFOnePageFactSheet.pdf
Examine the Executive Order of dealing with a biological attack by terrorists: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/executive-order-medical-countermeasures-following-a-biological-attack
Examine National Incident Management System (NIMS)at: http://www.fema.gov/national-incident-management-system
Special Topics:
      M:  The Technological Issues and Impact
      W:  Proposed Solutions to the Threat
      F:   NOTE: You will have your third test on Friday, April 11.  This essay test will count for 1/6 of your semester grade.

Week 13  First Responders
April 14-18
Read:  Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpt. 13
           Read about the National Incident Management System (NIMS) at: http://www.fema.gov/national-incident-management-system
           For the National Response Framework (NFR) you may go to: http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/nrf-core.pdf
           Very important to go to the following CDC site and read material found on the linked sites dealing with emergency preparedness and response for bioterrorism, chemical emergencies, radiation emergencies, mass casualties, and recent outbreaks and incidents:
           http://emergency.cdc.gov/
           Special report to Congress on WMD proliferation and terrorism:
           http://www.cfr.org/publication/17910/world_at_risk.html?breadcrumb=%2Fissue%2F135%2Fterrorism
           http://a.abcnews.go.com/images/TheLaw/WMD-report.pdf
     Special Topics:
     M:  Getting Ready for Attacks
     W:  First Responders
     F:   Recovering from Attacks
Essay No. 10
Write a three page essay explaining the most important challenges facing first responders.  This essay is due on Friday by 4:00 p.m.

Week 14 Grand Strategy; Future Planning; International Cooperation; Military Action
April 21-25
Read: Terrorism and Counterterrorism Chpt. 6, articles 3, 4; Chpt. 7, articles 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7; Chpt. 8, articles 2, 3, 4; Chpt. 9. Articles 2, 3, 4; Chpt. 10, articles 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
          Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century  Chpt. 11, 15
          “Afghanistan Dilemma” by Thomas J. Billitteri in online CQ Researcher article found in August 7, 2009 Volume 19, Issue 28.
                 Go to http://library.cqpress.com/ and access article at:  http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre2009080700          
         The following is a link to a global terrorism data base: http://www.start.umd.edu/gtd/     
Special Topics:
     M:   Military Action; Degrading Al-Qaeda; Killing Bin Ladin
     W:  International Cooperation; Afghanistan; Pakistan
      F:  Developing a Comprehensive Strategy

April 25   Last day of Classes
April 26   Reading Day
April 28- May 2  Final Exam Period

                Your final exam will count for 1/6 of your semester grade.  It will be a comprehensive essay examination.
                It will be given on Friday, May 2 at 11:30 a.m. – 2:00 p.m.

 May 10   Commencement

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Course Requirements:
Three Essay Tests
Ten essays written during the semester
Contribution to class discussion
Final comprehensive exam

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Grading:
Your grade will be based upon three tests given during the course of the semester, combined score on 10 critical thinking writing exercises, your contributions to class discussion, and a final exam. Each of these will count for 1/6 of your semester grade. All tests will involve an essay format. The final examination will be comprehensive.
Grading: This course uses the + and – grading scale.

            The total possible number of points to earn for the course is 600.  Grades will be assigned according to the following percentages: 

A+ = 98-100%

A = 92-97%

A-   = 90-91%

B+ = 88-89%

B = 82-87%

B-    = 80-81%

C+ = 78-79%

C = 72-77%

C-    = 70-71%

D+ = 68-69%

D = 62-67%

D- = 60-61%

F = 59% and below

 

Students with Disabilities:

            If you have a documented disability and require accommodations to obtain equal access in this course, please let me know at the beginning of the semester or when given an assignment for which an accommodation is required.  The Director of Disability Support Services can be reached at x2391. 

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Attendance Policy:
The attendance policy for this course is the University policy found in the University Catalog and Student Handbook.

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Honor Code:
Students are expected to live by the Longwood University Honor Code. All work done for the class must be pledged. Your instructor will not tolerate any form of cheating.

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Class Discussion:
Students are expected to make contributions to class discussion.  Your grade in this regard will be based upon participation during the semester.

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Ten Essays:
There will be 10 critical thinking writing exercises. These assignments will be three pages in length. They will be done in Microsoft Word with a Font size 12 and double spaced.  For students majoring in either history or political science, documentation for these exercises will be done according to the Turabian format for a research paper. A shorter version of that style manual can be found on the History style manual at the following web address: http://www.longwood.edu/philpolhist/resources.htm
Students majoring in other disciplines may follow the documentation style they are use to employing in their disciplines.  All of these essays will also be turned in at: http://www.turnitin.com/  When you go to this site you must first establish your own identification and password.  You then go to this course entitled Terrorism and Homeland Security, use the course ID 7502782 and the course password Posc345
Students will turn in a hard copy of the essay on the day the essays are due, and must also submit an electronic copy to the turnitin.com site or receive a 0 on the assignment.
Your essays also must demonstrate reading beyond what is required for class assignments and must reflect knowledge of current political events.  Each essay is worth 10 points.  There are 10 essays due during the semester.
Late papers will lose points.

 

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Taking Exams:
Exams must be taken on time.
  You are expected to provide proof for any legitimate reason (illness, participation in a University-sponsored activity, or recognizable emergency) you have for missing an exam.  Having another test on the dame day or having problems with the person you are dating are not valid reasons for missing a test.

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Bibliography:
Required Reading:
Cindy C. Combs.  Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century. 6th Edition.   New York:  Person/Longman, 2012

Russell D. Howard, Bruce Hoffman. Editors.

Terrorism and Counterterrorism: Understanding the New Security Environment, Reading, and Interpretations. 4rd Edition.  New York: MCGraw-Hill, 2012.

The 9/11 Commission Report.
 

Electronic subscription to the New York Times

Suggested Reading or Reference:

Students may make use of the excellent and very extensive bibliographies provided in the texts.

Here is a list of e-books available through the Greenwood Library:

AMATEUR SOLDIERS, GLOBAL WARS [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : INSURGENCY AND MODERN CONFLICT / MICHAEL C. FOWLER.   Internet Resource.

CYBER-THREATS, INFORMATION WARFARE, AND CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : DEFENDING THE U.S. HOMELAND / ANTHONY H. CORDESMAN WITH JUSTIN G. CORDESMAN.   Internet Resource.

FROM SECULARISM TO JIHAD [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : SAYYID QUTB AND THE FOUNDATIONS OF RADICAL ISLAMISM / ADNAN A. MUSALLAM. Internet Resource.

HANDBOOK OF CHEMICAL WARFARE AND TERRORISM [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] / STEVEN L. HOENIG.   Internet Resource.

HOLIEST WARS [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : ISLAMIC MAHDIS, THEIR JIHADS, AND OSAMA BIN LADEN / TIMOTHY R. FURNISH ; FOREWORD BY MICHAEL RUBIN.  Internet Resource.

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM IN THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] / EDITED BY MARIUS H. LIVINGSTON WITH LEE BRUCE KRESS AND MARIE G. WANEK.   Internet Resource.

MARTYRDOM [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : THE PSYCHOLOGY, THEOLOGY, AND POLITICS OF SELF -SACRIFICE / EDITED BY RONA M. FIELDS ... [ET AL.]  Internet Resource.

MODERNIZATION, DEMOCRACY, AND ISLAM [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] / EDITED BY SHIREEN T. HUNTER AND HUMA MALIK ; FOREWORD BY AHMEDOU OULD-ABDALLAH.   Internet Resource.

ON TERRORISM AND COMBATING TERRORISM [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : PROCEEDINGS OF AN INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR, TEL-AVIV, 1979 / EDITED BY ARIEL MERARI.   Internet Resource.

REVOLUTIONARY APOCALYPSE [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : IDEOLOGICAL ROOTS OF TERRORISM / LUCIANO PELLICANI.   Internet Resource.

THE AGE OF TOTAL WAR, 1860-1945 [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] / JEREMY BLACK.   Internet Resource.

THE DEADLY SIN OF TERRORISM [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : ITS EFFECT ON DEMOCRACY AND CIVIL LIBERTY IN SIX COUNTRIES / EDITED BY DAVID A. CHARTERS.   Internet Resource.

THE FUTURE OF ISLAM IN THE MIDDLE EAST [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] : FUNDAMENTALISM IN EGYPT , ALGERIA , AND SAUDI ARABIA / MAHMUD A. FAKSH.   Internet Resource.

THE GATHERING BIOLOGICAL WARFARE STORM [ELECTRONIC RESOURCE] / EDITED BY JIM A. DAVIS AND BARRY R. SCHNEIDER.   Internet Resource.

Other Materials:

William C. Banks, Renee de Nevers, Mitchel B. WallersteinCombating Terrorism:  Strategies and Approaches.  Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2008.
Thomas J. Bradley.  Editor.  Homeland Security.  Annual Editions. Second Edition. Dubuque, Iowa: McGraw-Hill, 2008.
Vincent Burns and Kate Dempsey Peterson.  Terrorism: A Documentary and Reference Guide.  Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Security International, 2005.
William M. Evan.  War & Peace in an Age of Terrorism: A Reader.  New York: Pearson/Longman, 2006.
James A. Fagan.  When Terrorism Strikes Home: Defending the United States.  New York: Pearson/Longman, 2006.
James J. F. Forest. Editor.  Homeland Security: Protecting America's Targets.  Three Volumes.  Volume I:  Borders and Points of Entry; Volume II:  Public Spaces and Social Institutions; Volume III: Critical Infrastructures.  Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Security International, 2006
James J. F. Forest.  Editor.  The Making of a Terrorist: Recruitment, Training, and Root Causes.  Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Security International, 2005.
Fawaz A. GergesThe Far Enemy: Why Jihad Went Global.  New York: Cambridge University Press. 2005.
Daniel Goldstein.  Securing America's Future.  National Strategy in the Information Age.  Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Security International, 2005.
Christopher Hewitt.  Political Violence and Terror in Modern America: A Chronology.  Connecticut: Praeger Security International, 2005.
Russell D. Howard, James J. Forest.  Editors.  Weapons of Mass Destruction and Terrorism.  New York: McGraw Hill, 2008. 
Richard J. Kilroy, Jr., Editior.  Threats to Homeland Security: An All-Hazards PerspectiveWiley & Sons, 2008.
Bernard Lewis.  What Went Wrong: The Clash Between Islam and Modernity in the Middle East.  New York: Haper/Collins, 2003.
Brigitte L. NacosTerrorism and Counterterrorism:  Understanding Threats and Responses in the Post - 9/11 WorldSecond Edition.  New York:
Pearson/Longman, 2008.
Dennis OkerstromPeace, War, and Terrorism.  New York: Pearson/Longman, 2006.
Richard A. Posner.  Preventing Surprise Attacks: Intelligence Reform in the Wake of 9/11.  Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005
Barry R. Schneider and Jim A. Davis.  Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction: Avoiding the Abyss.  Connecticut: Praeger Security International, 2006.
Jessica Stern.  Terrorism in the Name of God:  Why Religious Militants Kill.  New York: Harper/Collins Publisher, 2004.

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