POLITICAL SCIENCE 394
POLITICAL LEADERSHIP
Spring, 2005

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 Instructor: Dr. Harbour
Office: Wynne 104-A
Office telephone: 395-2219
Office hours:
MWF 11:00-12:00  TR 9:30-10:30
harbourwr@longwood.edu
Home phone:  315-0352

Table of Contents
 Course Description
 Texts
 Course Objectives
 Class Schedule
 Course Requirements
 Grading
 Attendance Policy
 Honor Code
 Class Discussion and Speaking Intensive Course
 10 Critical Thinking Essays
 Taking Exams
 Bibliography
 

Course Description:
The course investigates the diverse nature of leadership and the place of leadership in contemporary society.  While the main emphasis is on political leadership, a strong interdisciplinary approach will be employed.  Students will be required to think about the various needs, origins, moral dilemmas, requirements, and techniques of leadership in a wide variety of differing circumstances.

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Texts:
James MacGregor Burns. Transforming Leadership Publishers West Group, 2003. ISBN 0-8021-4118-8.
Fred I. Greenstein.  Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to George W. Bush.  2nd 
  Edition. California-Princeton Fulfillment Services, 2004. ISBN 0-691-11909-0.
George Manning & Kent Curtis.  The Art of Leadership.  McGraw-Hill Irwin: New York, 2003.  ISBN 0-07-252789-7.
Afsaneh Nahavandi.  The Art and Science of Leadership.  3rd Edition.  Upper Saddle River, New Jersey:  Prentice Hall, 2003. ISBN 0-13-045812-0. 

Supplemental Readings that can be borrowed from the Instructor:
J. Kevin Barge, Leadership
Warren Bennis, On Becoming a Leader
Warren Bennis & Burt Nanus, Leaders: The Strategies for Taking Charge
James MacGregor Burns, Leadership
John W. Gardner, On Leadership
Barbara Kellerman, Editor, Leadership: Multidisciplinary Perspectives
Paul Hersey, The Situational Leader
Paul Hersey & Ken Blanchard, Management of Organizational Behavior: Utilizing Human Resources
Richard L. Hughes, Robert C. Ginnett, Gordon J. Curphy.  Leadership: Enhancing the Lessons of Experience.
Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince
Lynne Joy McFarland, Lary E. Senn, John R. Childress, 21 Century Leadership: Dialogues with 100 Top Leaders
Walter Lippmann, The Public Philosophy
Tom Peters & Nancy Austin, A Passion for Excellence
Thomas Peters & Robert H. Waterman, Jr., In Search of Excellence
Gary Yukl.  Leadership in Organizations 

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Course Objectives:

Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:

 1. Demonstrate a capacity for critical and analytical thought about issues central to political leadership.

2. Demonstrate an ability to communicate their knowledge and beliefs about leadership both orally and in writing.

3. Discuss the types of issues which most leaders must address.

4. Identify information about political leadership which is necessary for useful and responsible citizenship.

5. Discuss important philosophical and ethical issues associated with the exercise of political leadership.

6. Discuss the significance of leadership in contemporary society.

7. Describe the major ways in which political scientists and other social scientists have tried to understand leadership.

8. Discuss how various forms of leadership have shaped and been shaped by the dynamic social forces found in modern
    society.

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Click Here to go to the study guide for this course.

Class Schedule:

Week 1 (Jan. 17-21) Introduction to the Study of Leadership
Tuesday, Jan. 18  Defining Leadership
Read: Nahavandi, Preface and Chpt. 1
          Manning & Curtis, Introduction 
Thursday, Jan. 20 Leadership Theory
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 2
          Manning & Curtis, Introduction
Essay # 1 Write a three page essay in which you explain what leadership is all about.  Try to define leadership and discuss its most important elements, challenges, and limitations.

Week 2 (Jan. 24-28) Personality, Character, Traits
Tuesday, Jan. 25 Leadership Traits
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 3
          Manning & Curtis, Part 1 (Units 1, 2)
Thursday, Jan. 27 Different Styles and Followers
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 3 
          Manning & Curtis, Part 1 (Units 3, 4)
Essay # 2 Write a three page essay in which you discuss the strengths and limitations of tying to understand leadership in terms of traits possessed by leaders.  What are some of the most important characteristics or qualities leaders should posses?

Week 3 (Jan. 31-Feb. 4) Power and Ethics
Tuesday, Feb.1 Leadership and the Exercise of Power
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 4 

Thursday, Feb. 3 Leadership and Ethics
Read: Manning & Curtis, Part 3 (Units 8, 9, 10)

Essay # 3  Write a three page essay in which you explain the importance of ethics to leadership and discuss some of the moral dilemmas leaders sometimes face.  

Week 4 (Feb. 7-11) The Importance of Vision
Tuesday, Feb.8 How Leaders Influence Followers
Read: Manning & Curtis, Part 2 (Units 5, 6, 7)
 
Thursday, Feb. 10 First Test
NOTE: You will have your first test on Thursday, Feb. 10. This test will count for 1/6 of your semester grade.

Week 5 (Feb. 14-18) Contingency Models
Tuesday, Feb. 15 Competing Models
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 5
  
Thursday, Feb. 17 Exchange and Relationship Theories 
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 6

Essay # 4  Write a three page essay in which you discuss the importance of the context in which leadership is to be exercised to the likely success or failure of different styles of leadership.  Draw upon some of the contingency models in developing your observations.

Week 6 (Feb. 21-25) Charisma and Transformational Leadership
Tuesday, Feb. 22 Charisma
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership
         Nahavandi, Chpt. 8
Thursday, Feb. 24 Transformational Leadership
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership
          Nahavandi, Chpt. 8
Essay # 5 Write a three page essay in which you discuss what transformational leadership is all about.  Why is this type of leadership so difficult?  What makes it possible?  What are the advantages as well as dangers of charismatic leadership?

Week 7 (Feb. 28-March 4) Working with People
Tuesday, March 1 The Challenge of Human Relations and Building Teams
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 7
          Manning & Curtis, Part 5 (Units 14, 15, 16) 
Thursday, March 3 Persuasion and Diversity
Read: Nahavandi, 7
          Manning & Curtis, Part 6 (Units 17, 18, 19)
Essay # 6  Write a three page essay on the best ways to go about leading and building effective teams.  What are the key challenges here and how can they be met?  

Week 8 (March 7-11)  Empowerment
Tuesday, March 8 
Read:  Manning & Curtis, Part 4 (Units 11, 12, 13)
Thursday: Second Test
Note: You will have your second test on Thursday, March 10. This test will count for 1/6 of your semester grade

SPRING BREAK   MARCH 12-20

Week 9 (March 21-25) Enhancing Organizational Success  
Tuesday, March 22 Delegation 
Read: Manning & Curtis, Part 7 (Units 20, 21, 22)
          Greenstein, Chpt. 10 (Ronald Reagan)
Thursday, March 24 Developing Leaders

Read: Manning & Curtis, Part 8 (Units 22, 23, 24) 
          Greenstein, Chpt. 2 (Franklin Roosevelt); Chpt. 5 (John Kennedy)
Essay # 7 What are the best ways to go about developing leaders in an organization or group in which you are the leader?  Why is this so important?  What are the principal challenges here and how can they be met?

Week 10 (March 28-April 1)  Strategic Leadership 
Tuesday, March 29 
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 9
          Manning & Curtis, Part 9 (Units 26, 27, 28)

Thursday, March 31  Getting Yourself Ready
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 10
          Manning & Curtis, Conclusion

Essay # 8  Write a three page essay in which you honestly evaluate your own potential for leadership and discuss your strengths as well as your shortcomings. Explain how you intend to become a good leader in the future.  What is your plan for your own leadership development?   

Week 11 (April 4-8) Case Studies Presented by Students
Tuesday, April 5 Presidents and other Chief Executives: Franklin Roosevelt, Ronald Reagan
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership
         Greenstein, Selections on Roosevelt and Reagan
Thursday, April 7  Presidents and other Chief Executives: Richard Nixon, Bill Clinton
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership
         Greenstein, Selections on Richard Nixon and Bill Clinton
Essay # 9
You are to write a three page essay in which you discuss the strengths and shortcomings of the leader you have researched for your case study.  How can one best understand this person's leadership?  Not only should you make use of appropriate biographical material for this essay, you should also draw upon the readings on leadership you have been reflecting upon all semester. 

Week 12 (April 11-15) Case Studies Presented by Students
Tuesday, April 12 The Power of Ideas:  Confucius, Gandhi, Benjamin Franklin
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership
         Greenstein,  Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to George W. Bush
Thursday, April 14 Third test
NOTE: You will have your third test on Thursday, April 14. This test will count for 1/6 of your semester grade.

Week 13 (April 18-22) Case Studies Presented by Students
Tuesday, April 19 Revolutionaries: Mao Tse-Tung, Che Guevera, Adolph Hitler
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership
         Greenstein,  Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to George W. Bush 
Thursday, April 21 Military Leaders: George Marshall, Napoleon
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership
         Greenstein,  Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to George W. Bush 
Essay # 10  You will write a three page essay in which you discuss the most important things you have learned about leadership in this course.

Week 14 (April 25-29) Case Studies Presented by Students
Tuesday, April 26 Other Executive Leaders: Toni Blair, Elizabeth I, Richard Branson 
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership
         Greenstein,  Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to George W. Bush
Thursday, April 28 Rising Leaders: Hillary Clinton, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Rudolph Giuliani
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership
         Greenstein,  Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to George W. Bush

Classes end April 29
Reading Day:  April 30
Exam Period:  May 2-6
Final Exam: The final exam will be on Tuesday, May 3 at 8:00 A.M. - 10:30 A.M. The final exam will be worth 1/6 of your semester grade.
Commencement:  May 14

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Course Requirements:
Class Discussion
Ten three page essays
Three tests
Final comprehensive examination

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Grading:
Your grade will be based upon three tests given during the course of the semester, class discussion (which includes a major oral presentation given to the class), your total score from 10 three page essays, and a comprehensive final examination.  Each of these will count for 1/6 of your semester grade.  All tests and the final exam will involve an essay format.

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Attendance Policy:
The attendance policy for this course is the University policy found in the University Catalog and Student Handbook:
 Students are expected to attend all classes. Failure to attend class regularly impairs academic performance. Absences are disruptive to the educational process for others. This is especially true when absences cause interruptions for clarification of material previously covered, failure to assume assigned responsibilities for class presentations, or failure to adjust to changes in assigned material or due dates.  It is the responsibility of each instructor to give students a copy of his or her attendance policy in the course syllabus. Instructors may assign a grade of 0 or F on work missed because of unexcused absences. Instructors have the right to lower a student's course grade, but no more than one letter grade, if the student misses 10 percent of the scheduled class meeting times for unexcused absences.  Instructors have the right to assign a course grade of F when the student has missed a total (excused and unexcused) of 25 percent of the scheduled class meeting times. Students must assume full responsibility for any loss incurred because of absence, whether excused or unexcused. Instructors should permit students to make up work when the absence is excused. Excused absences are those resulting from the student's participation in a University sponsored activity, from recognizable emergencies, or from serious illness. Faculty may require documentation for excused absences in their attendance policy. Student Health Services can provide documentation only for students hospitalized locally or absent at the direction of Student Health Services personnel.

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Honor Code:
Students are expected to live by the Longwood University Honor Code. All work done for the class must be pledged. Your instructor will not tolerate any form of cheating.

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Class Discussion:
Your instructor values class participation. Remember that 1/6 of your semester grade is based on your contribution to class discussion.  The class discussion grade is based upon daily participation in class and the major case study you will present to the class during the last part of the semester. This is a speaking intensive course and that major presentation is very important. Students are encouraged to ask questions and to express their knowledge and beliefs about the material and issues being dealt with in class. 

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Ten Critical Thinking Essays:
There will be 10 critical thinking writing exercises. These papers will usually be 3 pages in length and be handed in at the beginning of class on the day they are due.  They are not to be sent as an email attachment.  Late papers will lose points. They will be done in Microsoft Word with a Font size 12 and double spaced. Any documentation for these exercises will be done according to the Turabian format for a research paper. Failure to cite sources properly will cost points and may result in a 0 for the paper.
 A shorter version of that style manual can be found on the History style manual at the following web address: <http://www.longwood.edu/history/HDPTSTS2.htm>

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Taking Exams:
All tests and exams must be taken on time. You are expected to provide proof for any legitimate reason (illness, participation in a University-sponsored activity, or recognizable emergency) you have for missing a test or exam.

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Bibliography:
Required Reading:
James MacGregor Burns. Transforming Leadership Publishers West Group, 2003.
Fred I. Greenstein.  Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to George W. Bush.  2nd Edition. 
        California-Princeton Fulfillment Services, 2004.
George Manning & Kent Curtis.  The Art of Leadership.  McGraw-Hill Irwin: New York, 2003. 
Afsaneh Nahavandi.  The Art and Science of Leadership.  3rd Edition.  Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: 
        Prentice Hall, 2003.   

Supplemental Readings That May Be Borrowed From The Instructor:
J. Kevin Barge, Leadership
Warren Bennis, On Becoming a Leader
Warren Bennis & Burt Nanus, Leaders: The Strategies for Taking Charge
James MacGregor Burns, Leadership
John W. Gardner, On Leadership
Barbara Kellerman, Editor, Leadership: Multidisciplinary Perspectives
Paul Hersey, The Situational Leader
Paul Hersey & Ken Blanchard, Management of Organizational Behavior: Utilizing Human Resources
Richard L. Hughes, Robert C. Ginnett, Gordon J. Curphy.  Leadership: Enhancing the Lessons of  
Experience
.
Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince
Lynne Joy McFarland, Lary E. Senn, John R. Childress, 21 Century Leadership: Dialogues with 100 Top   Leaders
Walter Lippmann, The Public Philosophy
Tom Peters & Nancy Austin, A Passion for Excellence
Thomas Peters & Robert H. Waterman, Jr., In Search of Excellence
Gary Yukl.  Leadership in Organizations 

Academic Journals:
American Political Science Review
Presidential Studies Quarterly
Journal of Politics

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