POLITICAL SCIENCE 394
POLITICAL LEADERSHIP
Spring, 2007

Return to Dr. Harbour's Home Page
Return to Department Syllabi Page

 Instructor: Dr. Harbour
Office: East Ruffner 228
Office telephone: 395-2219
Office hours:
MWF 11:00-12:00  TR 9:30-10:30
harbourwr@longwood.edu
Home phone:  315-0352

Table of Contents
 Course Description
 Texts
 Course Objectives
 Class Schedule
 Course Requirements
 Grading
 Attendance Policy
 Honor Code
 Class Discussion and Speaking Intensive Course
 10 Critical Thinking Essays
 Taking Exams
 Bibliography
 

Course Description:
The course investigates the diverse nature of leadership and the place of leadership in contemporary society.  While the main emphasis is on political leadership, a strong interdisciplinary approach will be employed.  Students will be required to think about the various needs, origins, moral dilemmas, requirements, and techniques of leadership in a wide variety of differing circumstances.

 Return to Table of Contents

Texts:

James MacGregor Burns. Transforming Leadership Publishers West Group, 2003. ISBN 0-8021-4118-8.
Fred I. Greenstein.  Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to George W. Bush.  2nd   Edition. California-Princeton Fulfillment Services, 2004. ISBN 0-691-11909-0.
Afsaneh Nahavandi.  The Art and Science of Leadership.  4rd Edition.  Upper Saddle River, New Jersey:  Prentice Hall, 2005. ISBN 0-13-148541-5.
Students are also required to purchase a subscription to the New York Times from the bookstore.

Supplemental Readings that can be borrowed from the Instructor:
J. Kevin Barge, Leadership
Warren Bennis, On Becoming a Leader
Warren Bennis & Burt Nanus, Leaders: The Strategies for Taking Charge
James MacGregor Burns, Leadership
John W. Gardner, On Leadership
Barbara Kellerman, Editor, Leadership: Multidisciplinary Perspectives
Paul Hersey, The Situational Leader
Paul Hersey & Ken Blanchard, Management of Organizational Behavior: Utilizing Human Resources
Richard L. Hughes, Robert C. Ginnett, Gordon J. Curphy.  Leadership: Enhancing the Lessons of Experience.
Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince
George Manning & Kent Curtis.  The Art of Leadership. 
Lynne Joy McFarland, Lary E. Senn, John R. Childress, 21 Century Leadership: Dialogues with 100 Top Leaders
Walter Lippmann, The Public Philosophy
Tom Peters & Nancy Austin, A Passion for Excellence
Thomas Peters & Robert H. Waterman, Jr., In Search of Excellence
Gary Yukl.  Leadership in Organizations 

 Return to Table of Contents
 

Course Objectives:

Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:

 1. Demonstrate a capacity for critical and analytical thought about issues central to political leadership.

2. Demonstrate an ability to communicate their knowledge and beliefs about leadership both orally and in writing.

3. Discuss the types of issues which most leaders must address.

4. Identify information about political leadership which is necessary for useful and responsible citizenship.

5. Discuss important philosophical and ethical issues associated with the exercise of political leadership.

6. Discuss the significance of leadership in contemporary society.

7. Describe the major ways in which political scientists and other social scientists have tried to understand leadership.

8. Discuss how various forms of leadership have shaped and been shaped by the dynamic social forces found in modern
    society.

 Return to Table of Contents
 
Click Here to go to the study guide for this course.

Class Schedule:

Week 1 Introduction to the Study of Leadership
Thursday, Introduction to the study of Leadership

Week 2 (Jan. 22-26) Defining Leadership, Evolution of Leadership Theory
Tuesday, Jan. 23  Defining Leadership
Read: Nahavandi, Preface and Chpt. 1
Thursday, Jan. 25 Leadership Theory
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 2
All students are required to attend as many as possible of the public events and panels associated with the Global Democracy Conference to be held at Longwood and Hampden-Sydney between Jan. 25-27.  Such attendance will be vital to the essay due next week.  Go to the Longwood home page for links to information about the Conference.  http://www.longwood.edu/democracy/index.htm
Essay # 1 Write a three page essay in which you explain what leadership is all about.  Try to define leadership and discuss its most important elements, challenges, and limitations.

Week 3 (Jan. 29-Feb. 2)  Personality, Character, Traits 
Tuesday, Jan. 30 Leadership Traits
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 3
Thursday, Feb. 1 Different Styles and Followers
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 3   
Essay # 2 Write a three page essay on the importance of certain forms of leadership to the development and maintenance of democracy.  Writing this essay will require that you not only think about what you have been reading, but you must also reflect upon what you learned at last week's conference that relates to this essay topic.

Week 4 (Feb. 5-9)  Exercising Power
 Tuesday, Feb.6 Leadership and the Exercise of Power
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 4 
Thursday, Feb. 8 First Test
NOTE: You will have your first test on Thursday, Feb. 8. This test will count for 1/6 of your semester grade.

Week 5 (Feb. 12-16) Contingency Models
Tuesday, Feb. 13 Competing Models
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 5
Thursday, Feb. 15 Exchange and Relationship Theories 
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 6
Essay # 3  Write a three page essay in which you discuss the importance of the context in which leadership is to be exercised to the likely success or failure of different styles of leadership.  Draw upon some of the contingency models in developing your observations.

Week 6 (Feb. 19-23) Charisma and Transformational Leadership
Tuesday, Feb. 20 Charisma
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership, Chpts. 1, 2
         Nahavandi, Chpt. 8
Thursday, Feb. 22 Transformational Leadership
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership Chpts. 1, 2
          Nahavandi, Chpt. 8
Essay # 4 Write a three page essay in which you discuss what transformational leadership is all about.  Why is this type of leadership so difficult?  What makes it possible?  What are the advantages as well as dangers of charismatic leadership?

Week 7 (Feb. 26-March 2) Working with People
Tuesday, February 27 The Challenge of Human Relations and Building Teams
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 7
Thursday, March 1 Judging Political Leadership
Read: Greenstein, Chpts. 1, 4
Essay # 5  Write a three page essay on the best ways to go about leading and building effective teams.  What are the key challenges here and how can they be met?  

Week 8 (March 5-9)  The Power of Values; Followers; Case Study of Ethical Failure: Nixon
Tuesday, March 6 
Read:  Burns, Chpts. 12, 13
          Greenstein, Chpt. 7
Thursday: Second Test
Note: You will have your second test on Thursday, March 8. This test will count for 1/6 of your semester grade

SPRING BREAK   MARCH 10-18

Week 9 (March 19-23) Enhancing Organizational Success  
Tuesday, March 20 Delegation (Part II):  What to do and what not to do.
Read: Greenstein, Chpt. 10 (Ronald Reagan)
Thursday, March 22 Developing Leaders

Read: Greenstein, Chpt. 2 (Franklin Roosevelt); Chpt. 5 (John Kennedy)
Essay # 6 What leadership characteristics did Roosevelt, Kennedy, and Reagan share in common?  How did their leadership styles differ?

Week 10 (March 26-30)  Strategic Leadership 
Tuesday, March 27 
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 9
Thursday, March 29  Getting Yourself Ready
Read: Nahavandi, Chpt. 10
Essay # 7  Write a three page essay in which you honestly evaluate your own potential for leadership and discuss your strengths as well as your shortcomings. Explain how you intend to become a good leader in the future.  What is your plan for your own leadership development?   

Week 11 (April 2-6) Case Studies Presented by Students
Tuesday, April 3 
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership
         Greenstein, Selections on Roosevelt and Reagan
Thursday, April 5  
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership
         Greenstein, Selections on Richard Nixon and Bill Clinton
Essay # 8
You are to write a three page essay in which you discuss the strengths and shortcomings of the leader you have researched for your case study.  How can one best understand this person's leadership?  Not only should you make use of appropriate biographical material for this essay, you should also draw upon the readings on leadership you have been reflecting upon all semester. 

Week 12 (April 9-13) Case Studies Presented by Students
Tuesday, April 10
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership
         Greenstein,  Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to George W. Bush
Thursday, April 12 Third test
NOTE: You will have your third test on Thursday, April 12. This test will count for 1/6 of your semester grade.

Week 13 (April 16-20) Case Studies Presented by Students
Tuesday, April 17 
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership
         Greenstein,  Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to George W. Bush 
Thursday, April 19 
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership
         Greenstein,  Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to George W. Bush 
Essay # 9  Write a three page essay in which you explain the importance of ethics to leadership and discuss some of the moral dilemmas leaders sometimes face.

Week 14 (April 23-27) Case Studies Presented by Students
Tuesday, April 24
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership
         Greenstein,  Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to George W. Bush
Thursday, April 26 
Read: Burns, Transforming Leadership
         Greenstein,  Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to George W. Bush
Essay # 10  You will write a three page essay in which you discuss the most important things you have learned about leadership in this course. 

Classes end April 27
Reading Day:  April 28
Exam Period:  April 30-May 4
Final Exam: The final exam will be on Wednesday, May 2 at 8:00 A.M. - 10:30 A.M. The final exam will be worth 1/6 of your semester grade.
Commencement:  May 12

 Return to Table of Contents
 

Course Requirements:
Class Discussion
Ten three page essays
Three tests
Final comprehensive examination

 Return to Table of Contents
 

Grading:
Your grade will be based upon three tests given during the course of the semester, class discussion (which includes a major oral presentation given to the class), your total score from 10 three page essays, and a comprehensive final examination.  Each of these will count for 1/6 of your semester grade.  All tests and the final exam will involve an essay format.

  Return to Table of Contents
 

Attendance Policy:
The attendance policy for this course is the University policy found in the University Catalog and Student Handbook:
 Students are expected to attend all classes. Failure to attend class regularly impairs academic performance. Absences are disruptive to the educational process for others. This is especially true when absences cause interruptions for clarification of material previously covered, failure to assume assigned responsibilities for class presentations, or failure to adjust to changes in assigned material or due dates.  It is the responsibility of each instructor to give students a copy of his or her attendance policy in the course syllabus. Instructors may assign a grade of 0 or F on work missed because of unexcused absences. Instructors have the right to lower a student's course grade, but no more than one letter grade, if the student misses 10 percent of the scheduled class meeting times for unexcused absences.  Instructors have the right to assign a course grade of F when the student has missed a total (excused and unexcused) of 25 percent of the scheduled class meeting times. Students must assume full responsibility for any loss incurred because of absence, whether excused or unexcused. Instructors should permit students to make up work when the absence is excused. Excused absences are those resulting from the student's participation in a University sponsored activity, from recognizable emergencies, or from serious illness. Faculty may require documentation for excused absences in their attendance policy. Student Health Services can provide documentation only for students hospitalized locally or absent at the direction of Student Health Services personnel.

 Return to Table of Contents
 

Honor Code:
Students are expected to live by the Longwood University Honor Code. All work done for the class must be pledged. Your instructor will not tolerate any form of cheating.

 Return to Table of Contents
 

Class Discussion:
Your instructor values class participation. Remember that 1/6 of your semester grade is based on your contribution to class discussion.  The class discussion grade is based upon daily participation in class and the major case study you will present to the class during the last part of the semester. This is a speaking intensive course and that major presentation is very important. Students are encouraged to ask questions and to express their knowledge and beliefs about the material and issues being dealt with in class. 

 Return to Table of Contents
 

Ten Critical Thinking Essays:
There will be 10 critical thinking writing exercises. These papers will usually be 3 pages in length and be handed in at the beginning of class on the day they are due.  They are not to be sent as an email attachment.  Late papers will lose points. They will be done in Microsoft Word with a Font size 12 and double spaced. Any documentation for these exercises will be done according to the Turabian format for a research paper. Failure to cite sources properly will cost points and may result in a 0 for the paper.
 A shorter version of that style manual can be found on the History style manual at the following web address: <http://www.longwood.edu/history/HDPTSTS2.htm>

  Return to Table of Contents
 

Taking Exams:
All tests and exams must be taken on time. You are expected to provide proof for any legitimate reason (illness, participation in a University-sponsored activity, or recognizable emergency) you have for missing a test or exam.

  Return to Table of Contents
 

Bibliography:
Required Reading:
James MacGregor Burns. Transforming Leadership Publishers West Group, 2003.
Fred I. Greenstein.  Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to George W. Bush.  2nd Edition. 
        California-Princeton Fulfillment Services, 2004.
George Manning & Kent Curtis.  The Art of Leadership.  McGraw-Hill Irwin: New York, 2003. 
Afsaneh Nahavandi.  The Art and Science of Leadership.  3rd Edition.  Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: 
        Prentice Hall, 2003.   

Supplemental Readings That May Be Borrowed From The Instructor:
J. Kevin Barge, Leadership
Warren Bennis, On Becoming a Leader
Warren Bennis & Burt Nanus, Leaders: The Strategies for Taking Charge
James MacGregor Burns, Leadership
John W. Gardner, On Leadership
Barbara Kellerman, Editor, Leadership: Multidisciplinary Perspectives
Paul Hersey, The Situational Leader
Paul Hersey & Ken Blanchard, Management of Organizational Behavior: Utilizing Human Resources
Richard L. Hughes, Robert C. Ginnett, Gordon J. Curphy.  Leadership: Enhancing the Lessons of  
Experience
.
Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince
Lynne Joy McFarland, Lary E. Senn, John R. Childress, 21 Century Leadership: Dialogues with 100 Top   Leaders
Walter Lippmann, The Public Philosophy
Tom Peters & Nancy Austin, A Passion for Excellence
Thomas Peters & Robert H. Waterman, Jr., In Search of Excellence
Gary Yukl.  Leadership in Organizations 

Academic Journals:
American Political Science Review
Presidential Studies Quarterly
Journal of Politics

 Return to Table of Contents



 Return to Department Course Syllabi
 Return to Department of History and Political Science Homepage