Chapter 11 - Diverse Learners and Learning Styles

215 “How they are taught depends on school policy and teaching style, but how they learn depends on their individual abilities and needs.”

216 “It is the task of music teachers to include rather than to exclude young people from music-educational experiences, and to sort out and shore up their own sensitivities and strategies so as to give and to draw out music, regardless of who the children are or what their challenges may be.”

218 Distinguish multiethnic, multicultural, intercultural.

219. Give an example of a cultural divide between a teacher and the students.

220 What is cultural competence?

“Just as their students learn to switch codes between home and school, and between minority and mainstream cultures, music teachers with cultural competence make headway in communicating verbally and non verbally with students of every race and ethnicity.”

Factors/considerations in cultural competence: ethnic, cultural, socioeconomic, linguistic, gender, etc.   What else?

“...many of the musical genres of the world's cultures meant to be learned without notation,...” Remember that music is an aural art.

Breaking Point 11.3 - two good examples to consider

Justify Cultural Competence in terms of musical excellence and auditions.

How do you distinguish between appropriately different and inappropriate?

223 “Critical to the diversity of learners and their learning styles, however, is for music teachers to adapt their communication and delivery systems to students of a wide spectrum of ethnic-cultural, socioeconomic, and linguistic backgrounds.”

224 Exceptional learners with special needs comprise 9.5% of the school population (includes gifted and talented)

225 “Music is viewed as a positive experience for children and youth at large, due to its ability to tap nonverbal ways of knowing; to provide auditory, visual, and kinesthetic stimulation; to allow personal gratification as well as the collaboration of social groups.”

226 “The musical education of a mixed group of diverse learners requires flexibility of teachers and their instructional processes, and an understanding of how to adapt the pace and clarity of instructions.”

227 Notice the charts. Be able to identify the 9 categories and to tell something about each.


Potential quiz questions:

From the chart on pp. 227-230, be able to describe one of the exceptionalities fully and to list several musical educational strategies to address the exceptionality.

Explain "cultural competence."


revised on 1/9/13