Campbell - Chapter 13 – Assessment, pp. 253-265

254 Purpose of assessment
          Feedback to help students learn
          Documents how much students have learned
          Helps teacher know if the instructional approach is effective

254  Types: Diagnostic, Formative, Summative
          What is each?
          Why would you have any one without the others?
         How do any of them relate?

255  Feedback: group, individual - What about this?
          “Feedback at the group level is not sufficient for assessing the progress of the individual student, because....

          Effective assessment - designing a system that measures progress on the particular knowledge and skills

256  Four steps of effective assessment:
          1. identify the learning goals - what they want the students to know and be able to do.
          2. translate the learning goals into learning outcomes that describe what successful achievement of the goal would look like.
          3. the instructional strategy - materials and activities involved - the lesson
          4. observation of the outcome - a system for recording or scoring the performance and feedback to students on their performance

257 Models for Assessment:
          Student progress (approaching standard, achieving standard, exceeding standard)
          Student performance (rating scale of 1-5)
          Rubric
          Portfolio (authentic assessment including student reflection)
          Self assessment
          Peer assessment

258  Figures 13.2/3/4 – different rating/scoring

260  Figure 13.5 – rubrics - What are they?
          For the quiz, be prepared to create a rubric in three parts based on a National Standard. (See Breaking Point 13.2) Your rubric will be one of these sets of three:
            doesn’t meet expectations; meets expectations; exceeds expectations
            needs support; developing; meets expectations

261  Portfolio assessment - authentic assessment - can often be the most natural way to represent the outcomes of instruction
         Self assessment - What is the advantage of this?

263  Grades in music should be based on students’ achievement of the goals and objectives the teacher has identified as central to the class. If musical objectives are vocal performance and sight-singing then the grade may NOT be based on attendance and concert reports.

264  Compare opening conversation with related conversation on pp. 264-5

265  Benefits of assessment system
          Helps teacher determine how to best use class time.
          Provide information for parents and colleagues about the important content of our discipline.
          Last sentence: “If music teachers....” This is important !!