MODEL GUIDELINES FOR SCHOOL ATTENDANCE FOR CHILDREN WITH
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
The Public School Division will work cooperatively with the Health Department to ensure compliance with Virginia Code 22.1-271.3 for school attendance of children infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
A. Students are expected to be in compliance with an
immunization schedule (Article 2, 22.1-271.2); however, some required
immunizations may be harmful to the health of the student who is HIV
infected or has AIDS. Students who are HIV infected or have AIDS may
get an exemption from complying with the requirements (Virginia Code
22.1-27.2, C). School personnel will cooperate with public health
personnel in completing and coordinating immunization data, exemptions,
and exclusions, including immunization forms.
B. Mandatory screening for HIV infection is not warranted as
a condition for school entry. Upon learning a student is HIV infected
or has AIDS, the superintendent will consult with the individual's
family and physician or a health official from the local department to
determine whether the student is well enough to stay in school. Since
it is known that HIV is not transmitted through casual contact, any
student who is HIV infected will continue education in a regular
classroom assignment unless the health status interferes significantly
with performance. If a change in the student's program is necessary,
the superintendent or designee, family, and physician or health official
will develop an individual plan, which is medically, legally, and
educationally sound. If the HIV student is receiving special education
services, the services will be in agreement with established policies.
C. Parents/guardians may appeal decisions for restriction or
exclusion as determined by the school division's established procedures.
All persons privileged with any medical information about HIV infected
students shall be required to treat all proceedings, discussions, and
documents as confidential information. Individuals will be informed of
the situation on a "Need to Know" basis with written consent of the
E. Universal precautions for handling blood will be
implemented within the school setting and on buses. To ensure
implementation of the proper standard operating procedures for all body
fluids, the guidelines from the Virginia Department of Health will be
followed. Inservice training will be provided to all school personnel.
Training will include local division policies; etiology, transmission,
prevention, and risk reduction of HIV; standard operating procedures for
handling blood and body fluids; and community resources available for
information and referral. Periodic updates will be supplied through
inservice or memoranda.
F. Comprehensive and age-appropriate instruction on the principal modes by which HIV is spread and the best methods for the reduction and prevention of AIDS are required to encourage the support and protection of the HIV infected student. To enhance school attendance, the school division will collaborate with public and private organizations in the provision of support services to HIV infected students.