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"They Closed Their Schools": An Era in the School History of Prince Edward County, Virginia

Web Sites

Electronic Texts


Cooney, Patrick Louis and Henry W. Powell.  The Life and Times of the Prophet Vernon Johns, Father of the Civil Rights Movement.  1998.   Chapter 24.  "A Fight For Desegregation In Farmville"

Foster, Gerald Anthony and Vonita Whie Foster.   Silent Trumpets of Justice: Integration's Failure in Prince Edward County.      Hampton, Va.: U.B. & U.S. Communication Systems, 1993.  LA380.P74 F67 1993

Gates, Robbins Ladew.   The Making of Massive Resistance : Virginia's Politics of Public School Desegregation, 1954-1956.    Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1964.  LA379 .G3

Green, Robert Lee and others.  The Educational Status of Children in a District Without Public Schools.    East Lansing: Bureau of Educational Research, College of Education, Michigan State University, 1964.  LA380.P74 G7

Hale-Smith, Margaret Elizabeth.   The Effect of Early Educational Disruption of the Belief Systems and Education Practices of Adults. Thesis (Ph.D.) --Michigan State University, 1992.   LA380.P74 H34 1993 

Harris, LaShawn Denise.   Alternative Education for African-American Children in Prince Edward County, Virginia, 1959-1964.   Thesis (M.A.)--Virginia State University, 1999.  LC2851.V5 H2772 1999 

Hohl, Lisa Anne.    Open the Doors: An Analysis of the Prince Edward County, Virginia, Free School Association. Thesis (M.A.)-- University of Richmond, Richmond, Virginia, 1993.  LA380.P74 H63 1993 

Holland, Robert G.   The Story of the Prince Edward Free Schools.    Farmville, Va.: Prince Edward Free School Association, 1964.   LA 380 .P74 H64 

Kilpatrick, James Jackson.   The Southern Case for School Segregation.   New York: Crowell-Collier Press, 1962.  E185.61 .K5 

Kilpatrick, James Jackson.   The Sovereign States: Notes of a Citizen of Virginia.   Chicago: H. Regnery Co., 1957.  

Kluger, Richard.   Simple Justice : the History of Brown v. Board of Education and Black America's Struggle for Equality.   New York: Knopf, 1976.  KF4155 .K55 1976

Lassiter, Mathew D. And Andrew B. Lewis.   The Moderates' Dilemma:  Massive Resistance to School Desegregation in Virginia.    Charlottesville, Va: University Press of Virginia, 1998  LC214.22.V8 M63 1998

Madison, Sybil Michelle.   And Still They Rise: Factors Related to the Resilience in African-American Students Affected by the Prince Edward County School Closing.  Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Berkeley, 1988.   LA380.P74 M33 1998.

Martin, Waldo E. Jr.   Brown v. Board of Education:  A Brief History with Documents.   Boston:  Bedford, 1998.  KF228.B76 B76 1998 

McAloon, Megan Colleen.   The Dilemma of Brown v Board of Education and Its Impact upon Prince Edward County, Virginia.    Thesis (M.A.)--James Madison University, 1996.   LA380.P74 M25 1996 

Muse, Benjamin.   Ten years of prelude: The Story of Integration Since the Supreme Court's 1954 Decision.   New York;  Viking Press, 1964.  E185.61 .M989  

Muse, Benjamin.   Virginia's Massive Resistance.    Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1961.  LA379 .M8 

Peeples, Jr., Edward Harden.    A Perspective of the Prince Edward County School Issue.   Thesis (M.A.)--University of Pennsylvania, 1963.   LA380.P74 P43 1963 

Peeples, Jr., Edward Harden.    Prince Edward County: The Story Without An End:  A Report Prepared for the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, July 1963.

Peeples, Jr., Edward Harden.    The Study of County Decision-Makers, Prince Edward County, Virginia.   1963 [research data from a master's degree project]

Smith, R. C. (Robert Collins).   They Closed Their Schools; Prince Edward County, Virginia, 1951-1964.   Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1965.   LA380.P74 S6

Steck, John Charles.   The Prince Edward County, Virginia Story.     Farmville, Va.: The Farmville Herald, 1960.   LA380.P83x S7 1994 

Sullivan, Neil Vincent.   Bound For Freedom; An Educator's Adventures in Prince Edward County, Virginia.   Boston: Little, Brown, 1965.  LA380.P74 S8

Turner, Kara Miles.   "It Is Not At Present a Very Successful School": Prince Edward County and the Black Educational Struggle, 1865-1995.   Thesis (Ph. D.)--Duke University, 2001.  LA380.P74 T87 2001

Weigand, James Moorman.   The Origin of Integration in Virginia's Public Schools: A Narrative History from 1951 to 1959.   Thesis (M.A.)--University of Richmond, 1991.   LA380.P74 W45 1991 .

Williams, Juan.   Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965.   New York: Viking, 1987.   KF4757 .W52 1987

Wolters, Raymond.   The Burden of Brown : Thirty Years of School Desegregation.   Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1984.  KF4155 .W64 1984

Journal Articles

Baker, Donald P. "Integration's Victims: When Virginia Slammed the School Doors Shut." APF Reporter. 17:3 (1996): 45-50.

Baker, Donald P. "Shame of a Nation: The Lessons and Legacy of The Prince Edward School Closing" Washington Post. March 4, 2001. p.W8- .

Banks, W. Lester. "Prince Edward County-The Shame of the Nation." Crisis v.69:5 (May 1962): 271-.

Brookover, Wilbur B. "Education in Prince Edward County, Virginia, 1953-1993." Journal of Negro Education. 62:2. (Spring 1993) 149-161.

Brookover, Wilbur B., Arthur Dudley, and Robert L. Green "Prince Edward County, Virginia, 30 years After: "A Pretty Good Place to Live." Journal of Negro Education. 62:2. (Spring 1993) 162-172.

Dierenfield, Kathleen Murphy. "One 'Desegregated Heart': Sarah Patton Boyle and the Crusade for Civil Rights in Virginia."    Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. 102:2 (Spring 1996): 251-284.

Dobie, Armistead M., Sterling Hutcheson, and Albert V. Bryan. "The Prince Edward County Virginia Case Decision." Journal of Negro Education. 21 (1952): 528-531.

Egerton, John. "'A Gentlemen's Fight' Nobody Was Murdered or Maimed, But Nobody Backed Down for Twenty Years in the Struggle Over School Integration in Prince Edward County, Virginia. Who Finally Won?" American Heritage. 30:5 (August/September 1979): 56-65.

Freeman, Allen. "Farmville: A Burden of History." Historic Preservation,  January/February 1996, 62-67.

Green, Robert L. And Robert F. Morgan. "The Effects of Resumed Schooling on the Measured Intelligence of Prince Edward County's Black Children." Journal of Negro Education. 38:2 (Spring 1969): 147-.

Hale-Smith, M. E. "The Effect of Early Educational Disruption on the Belief Systems and Educational Practices of Adults." Journal of Negro Education. 62: 2 (Spring 1993): 171-189.

Hamilton, John Alfred. "Prince Edward's Massive Resistance" Nieman Reports. 53:4 (Winter 1999) p.141-.

Heuvel, William Vanden and Neil V. Sullivan. "The Prince Edward County Situation" NEA Journal. 53:2 (March 1964): 12-15.

Hurtle, Beth. "Freeing One's Self, Respecting Each Other." Virginia Journal of Education. 68:6 (February 1975): 12-18.

Morrow, Lance. "Prince Edward and the Past: Massive Resistance Has Faded, But Something Hidden Remains." Time. 134:21 (November 20, 1989): 58.

Ortner, D. R. "Farmville Revisited." Negro Educational Review. 35.2 (Apr 1984): 51-62.

Picott, J. Rupert and Edward Harden Peeples, Jr. "Prince Edward County, Virginia." Phi Delta Kappan 45:8 (May 1964): 393-397.

Pine, Patricia. "You Can See the Change in Prince Edward." American Education. v.6:6. (1970): 24-28.

Rice, Carolyn. "Prince Edward County: New Mood in the Public Schools." Virginia Journal of Education. 63:5. (January 1970): 18-20.

Rorty, James. "Desegeration: Prince Edward County, VA." Commentary; a Jewish Review. 21 (1956): 431-.

Schuler, Edgar A. And Green, Robert L. "A Southern Educator and School Integration: An Interview." Phylon. v.28:1 (1967): 28-40.

Simsarian, Frances P. "Twenty-five Foster Placements: The Prince Edward County Children." Social Work. 11:1 (January 1966): 88-97.

Smith, R. C. "Prince Edward County: Revisited and Revitalized." The Virginia Quarterly Review. 73:1 (Winter 1997): 1-27.

Spreng, Jennifer E. "Scenes from the Southside: A Desegration Drama in Five Acts." UALR Law Review. v. 19:3 (1997): 327-412.

Sullivan, Neil V. "Making History in Prince Edward County." Saturday Review" (October 17, 1964): 59-73.

Terjen, Kitty. "Cradle of Resistance: Prince Edward County Today." New South. v.28:3 (1973) 18-27.

Ward, Jr., Lacey B. "The Robert Russa Moton Museum: A Center for the Study of Civil Rights in Education." Virginia Revew. v.74:4 (July/August, 1996) 42-44.

Video Recordings

Equality Under Law: the Lost Generation of Prince Edward County. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica Educational Corp., 1991.   LA380.P74 E68 1967

The Ground Beneath Our Feet... Massive Resistance  a PBS program  LA380.P74 G76 2001 

Other Information and Materials

Events in Prince Edward County were a microcosm of events elsewhere in the country.

Consult the Library online catalog for books about segregation in education Virginia Prince Edward County or  Segregation In Education or school integration or school integration United States or school integration Virginia.

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Page updated: October 14, 2010
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