Dos Passos Prize
The John Dos Passos Prize for Literature
Honoring one of the greatest--and most often ignored--American writers of the twentieth century by recognizing other writers in his name
The John Dos Passos Prize for Literature was founded at Longwood College (now University) in Farmville, VA in 1980. The prize is meant to honor one of the greatest--and most often ignored--American writers of the twentieth century by recognizing other writers in his name.
It is administered by a committee from the Department of English and Modern Languages; the chair of the committee also serves as the chair of the prize jury. Other members on the committee include the immediate past recipient and a distinguished critic, editor, or scholar.
Recipients of the prize are American creative writers who have produced a substantial body of significant publication that displays characteristics of John Dos Passos's writing: an intense and original exploration of specifically American themes, an experimental approach to form, and an interest in a wide rage of human experiences.
An American Icon: A Brief Biography
John Dos Passos was born in 1896 in Chicago, the illegitimate child of parents already married to other people. He lived for years with his mother in Europe, then attended preparatory school in the United States before attending Harvard and discovering his interest in writing.
After graduating from Harvard in 1916, Dos Passos joined the war effort, becoming an ambulance driver in France; during his time there he gathered the information for his first two novels, both scathingly anti-war: One Man's Initiation (1920) and Three Soldiers (1921). Dos Passos became a social activist, publishing two more critiques of the war and another novel, Manhattan Transfer, in 1925.
After seeing the execution in 1927 of Sacco and Venzetti, two Italian immigrants, Dos Passos published the U.S.A. trilogy to establish his disdain for the moral corruption of capitalist society and his hopes for a socialist remedy. The trilogy, which consists of the novels The 42nd Parallel (1929), 1919 (1931), and The Big Money (1936), established Dos Passos's literary reputation.
Although Dos Passos grew disenchanted with left-wing politics in the 1940's, ultimately rejecting as idealistic much he had once believed, for the remainder of his life Dos Passos continued to write novels about his views of postwar America. He received the Feltrinelli Prize for his fiction in 1967.
Dos Passos died of heart failure in Baltimore, Maryland on September 28, 1970, and the world lost the man some have called the greatest American writer.
The 33rd Dos Passos Prize for Literature Winner
Novelist and filmmaker Ruth Ozeki will be awarded the 33rd John Dos Passos Prize for Literature at Longwood University in spring 2015.
Ozeki, who has Japanese-American heritage, is a Zen Buddhist priest who has traveled and worked extensively in Asia. She started her career as a filmmaker, receiving accolades for her autobiographical film Halving the Bones, which was awarded and screened at the Sundance Film Festival and Museum of Modern Art.
Her first two novels, My Year of Meats and All Over Creation, were critically acclaimed and translated into 11 languages. Her most recent work, A Tale for the Time Being, was shortlisted for the prestigious Man Booker Prize and the National Book Critics Circle Award, and won the L.A. Times Book Prize and Medici Book Club Prize. A Tale for the Time Being is the story of a mysterious diary that washes up on a Pacific Coast beach after the 2011 Japanese tsunami. The diary is discovered by a girl named Ruth, who becomes obsessed with discovering the diary owner’s fate.
Ozeki will read from her work and be awarded the Dos Passos Prize in an April 24 ceremony at Longwood University. The public is invited to attend.
Past Recipients and Select Works
2015 Ruth Ozeki
- Halving the Bones
- My Year of Meats
- All Over Creation
- A Tale for the Time Being
2013 Sherman Alexie
The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven
The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian
The Toughest Indian in the World
2012 Colson Whitehead
Apex Hides the Hurt
John Henry Days
2011 Mat Johnson
Hunting in Harlem
2010 Percival Everett
I Am Not Sidney Poitier
2009 Robert Bausch
- Out of Season
- The Gypsy Man
- A Hole in the Earth
2008 Allen Wier
- A Place for Outlaws
- Departing as Air
2006 Kent Haruf
- The Tie That Binds
- Where You Once Belonged
2005 Tim Gautreaux
- The Next Step in the Dance
- The Clearing
2004 Maureen Howard
- Expensive Habits
- Natural History
2003 Richard Powers
- Three Farmers on their way to a Dance
2002 Randall Kenan
- A Visitation of Spirits
- Walking on Water, Black American Lives at the Turn of the Twenty-first Century
2001 Madison Smartt Bell
- The Washington Square Ensemble
- Master of Crossroads
2000 Jill McCorkle
- The Cheer Leader
- Carolina Moon